Identify The Raag And Taal

spnadmin

1947-2014 (Archived)
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Begum ji,

My answer Keherwa.

I appreciate your congratulations -- please --- there are no other contestants.

Someone else please participate. The pressure is too much for one person. LOL
 

Astroboy

ਨਾਮ ਤੇਰੇ ਕੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਲਗਾਈ (Previously namjap)
Writer
SPNer
The right answer is : TeenTaal.

Since there are no participants yet with the exception of Aad Ji,

There will be no more contest offers made by me. But others can get involved in their own way.
 

Astroboy

ਨਾਮ ਤੇਰੇ ਕੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਲਗਾਈ (Previously namjap)
Writer
SPNer
Ragas of Sri Guru Granth Sahab

The following arrangement has been followed in the scheme of notation.
First the parent scale (Thath) is given and then the class (Jati) of the raga, which may be pentatonic (Arav), hexatonic (Sharav) or septatonic (Sampuran). This is followed by the notes (Svares) used in the raga. The sonant (Vadi) is given followed by the consonant (Samvadi) note. In some cases the atmosphere of the raga is then indicated. Then follow the notes of the ascending movement. (Aroha) and the descending notes (Avaroha). The characteristic notes (Pakad) of the raga are indicated. The Ragas of the Sikh Scripture are given in the serial order. The notation of the Dhunis of the vars is not mentioned here, but will be found in the two volumes in Punjabi entitled Gurbani Sangeet: Prachin Ritt-Ratnavali (pp. 953-
983) by Bhai Avtar Singh and Bhai Gurucharan Singh, published by Punjabi University, Patiala, 1979.

M Teevar
S + P Shud Only
R Shud + Komal
G Shud + Komal
D Shud + Komal
N Shud + Komal

Note: M Teevar is represented by m in notation.
R (komal) is represented by r
G " " g
D " " d
N " " n

1. SRI RAG
Thath: Poorvi. Jati: Arava-Sampuran
Svaras: R, D, m, rest Shudh. Varjit G D in Aroha.
Vadi: R Samvadi P
Atmosphere: Solemn and grave
Time of Singing: Evening (6 PM-9 PM)
Aroha: S r r P, m P N S
Avaroha: S N d P, m D m G R, R R P R G G R S
Pakad: S, r, r, P, m G r, GR S
Note: This is an important raga and occupies the first place in the Sikh Scripture. The word "Shri" means great or respected. It is an important raga and its quite popular. In avaroha, S r P are used in accompaniment and M Teevar is touched frequently.

2. MANJH
Thath: Khamaj, Jati: Sharav-Sampuran
Svaras: S R M P D N Shudh
S R G M D N in Aroha;
N in Avaroha:
S n D P, D n D P, M G R S
G and N both Sudh and Komal
Vadi: S, Samvadi: P
Time of Singing : Fourth Pahar of the day (3 PM- 6 PM)
Aroha: S R, M P D, N S
Avaroha: S N D P, D N D, P, M G R S
Pakad: M G R S, N P N S P N S, N D P M G R S

3. GAURI
Thath: Bhairav, Jati: Arav-Sampuran
Svaras: S r M, P N
Vadi: r Samvadi: P
Atmosphere: Peaceful and Tanquil
Time of Singing: Afternoon (3 PM-6 PM)
Aroha: S r M, P N
Avaroha: S N d P M G r S, N S.
Pakad: S r M P, G r S N D P M P N S
Note: It is extremely devotional in mood. It has the greatest number of composition including the popular Sukhmani Sahib of Guru Arjan. This raga is not sung in Tar Saptak.

4. ASA
Thath: Bilaval. Jati: Arava-Sampuran
Svaras: All Shudh, (N somethimes are used in descending movement)
Vadi: M. Samvadi: S
Atmosphere: Peaceful and refreshing
Time of singing: Fourth Pahar of the night (3 AM-6 AM)
Aroha: S R M P D S
Avaroha: S N D P M G R S
Pakad: S, R, M P D, P M, G R S R G, S
Note: N is sometimes used in Avaroha for greater impact of the raga. It produces Bhakti rasa (devotional emotion),
which is very essential for early morning prayer. Asa-di-Var the Sikh devotional dawn composition consisteing of
24 chhants, 24 pauris and salokas is sung daily in Gurdwaras and homes for its blissful effect.

5. GUJRI
Thath: Todi Jati: Sharav-Sharav
Svaras: R G D (komal), M (Teevar), S and N Shudh, Varjit P
Vadi: D. Samvadi: G
Atmosphere: Solemn and devotional
Time of Singing: 9 AM-12.00 Noon (second Pahar of the day)
Aroha: S r g m D N S
Avaroha: S N d m g r S
Pakad: m d N d, m g r g r s

6. DEVGANDHARI
Thath; Bhairav. Jati: Arava-Sampuram
Svaras: S G M P D (Shudh): R and d in Avaroha, both forms of R, D & N are used.
Vadi: M. Samvadi: S
Atmosphere: Peaceful and tranquil
Time of Singing: First Pahar of day ( 6 AM-9 AM0
Aroha: S R M P, d P M, P D S, R S
Avaroha: R S N d P, M n P, M G R S.
Pakad: M, P d, m, G, S R M

7. BIHAGRA
Thath: Bilaval. Jati: Arav-Sampuran
Svaras: S G M P N: in Avaroha (Both M, N). R & D prohibited in Aroha.
Vadi: G. Samvad: N
Atmosphere: Peaceful and refreshing
Time of Singing: Second pahar of the night (9 PM-12.00 midnight)
Aroha: N S G M P N S
Avaroha: S N D P, n D P, m G M G R S
Pakad: G M P n D P, G M G, R S.

8. WADAHANS
Thath: Khamaj. Jati: Sharav-Sampuran
Svaras: N (Both); S R M P D (Shudh); G in Avaroha
Vadi: P Samvadi: R
Time of Singing: Third Pahar of the day (12 Noon-3 PM)
Aroha: S R M P D n P N S
Avaroha: S n P D M, G R S, N S
Pakad: S R M P n P, D P, M G R, S, N, P N S

9. SORATH
Thath: Khamaj Jati: Arav-Sharav
Svaras: S R M P N (Shudh); D, n IN Avaroha
Vadi: R Samvadi: D
Atmosphere: Peaceful and devotional
Time of Singing: Seocnd Pahar of the night ( 9 PM- 12.00 midnight)
Aroha: S R M R N S
Avaroha: S R n D P D M G R N S
Pakad: R M P N, S n D P M D, M R N S
Note: This is a light and beautiful raga and conducive to meditation on the True Lord (43).

10. DHANASRI
Thath: Kafi. Jati: Arav-Sampuran
Svaras: N G (Komal), S R M P D (Shudh);
Vadi: P Samvadi: S
Time of Singing: Third Pahar of the day (12.00 noon-3 PM)
Aroha: S g M P n S
Avaroha: S n D P M g R S
{M M}
Pakad: N S {g g} M P, P, n D P, g, M, g, R S.

11. JAITSRI
Thath: Poorvi Jati: Arav-Sampuran
Svaras: M (Teevar): S G P N (Shudh): R, D m in Avaroha
Vadi: G Samvadi: N
Atmosphere: Solemn
Time of Singing: First Pahar of the night (6 PM-9 PM)
Aroha: S G, m P, N S
Avaroha: S r N d P m G P G r S.
Pakad: S G m P, D m P, P m G P G r S.

12. TODI
Thath: Todi. Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: R, G, D (Komal) M (Teevar), N Shudh: (Slight P in Aroha)
Vadi: D Samvadi: G
Atmosphere: Blissful.
Time of Singing: Second Pahar of the day (9 Am -!2.00 Noon)
Aroha: S r g m P d N S
Avaroha: S N d m P m d m g r g r S
Pakad: d, n S, R g, r S, m, g r g r S

13. BAIRARI
Thath: Marwah. Jati: Sampuran.
Svaras: R (Komal), M (Teevar), rest Shudh
Vadi: G Samvadi: D
Time of Singing: First Pahar of the day (6 AM- ( AM)
Aroha: S r G, m p m G,P D N S
Avaroha: S N D P G P m G r s
Pakad: P d G,P D, m G, r G, m G, r S

14. TILANG
Thath: Khamaj Jati: Arav-Arav
Svaras: S G M P N, n in Avaroha: R D Varijit
(not used)
Vadi: G Samvadi: N
Atmosphere: Light.
Time of Singing: Third Pahar of the day (3 PM-6 PM)
Aroha: S G, M P N S
Avaroha: S n P G M G S
Pakad: N S G M P N S, N P, G M G, S
Note: In this raga, there is emphasis on G and N. Thumri is generally sung in this raga.

15. SUHI
Thath: Bilaval Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: N (shudh & Komal), rest Shudh.
Vadi: P Samvadi: S
Time of Singing: Second Pahar of the day ( 9 AM-!2 Noon)
Aroha: S R G M, R G M P, N D N S
Avaroha: S n D P, n D P, M G, D P M G R, P M G R, G R S
Pakad: S n P, M G R G M M G R S.

16. BILAVAL
Thath: Bilaval. Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: All Shudh ( N Komal in Avaroha)
Vadi: D Samvadi: G
Atmosphere: Peaceful, tranquil
Time of Singing: Second Pahar of the day ( 9 AM-12 Noon)
Aroha: S R G M P, N D N S
Avaroha: S N D P, M G R S
Pakad: D, P M G M R S

17. GOND
Thath: Bilaval. Jati: Sampuran (Irregular)
Svaras: All Shudh
Vadi: S Samvadi: M
Time of Singing: Second Pahar of the day ( 9 AM- 12 Noon)
Aroha: S R G M, P D N D N S
Avaroha: S N D N P, M G R S
Pakad: M, P, N D N P, G ,M, G, R, G R S

18. RAMKALI
Thath: Bhairav. Jati: Arav-Sampuran
Svaras: R D (Komal), rest Shudh
Vadi: P Samvadi: S
Time of Singing: Fourth Pahar of the night ( 3 AM- 6 AM)
Aroha: S R G, M G, P d, S
Avaroha: S N d, M P d n P G, M, r S
Pakad: P, M P, d n P, G, M, r S.
Note: Guru Nanak composed Sidh Gosht in this raga because it is popular with the Yogis.

19. NUT-NARAYAN
Thath: Bilaval. Jati:. Sampuran-Arav
Svaras: Both M, rest Shudh: G, N prohibited in Avaroha
Vadi: P Samvadi: R
Time of Singing: Second Pahar of the night ( 9 PM-12 Midnight)
Aroha: S r S, N D P, D S, r G m P, m D N D S
Avaroha: S N d P , G, D m G P m G R S
Pakad: m G m D n S, r N d P, D , G, R S

20. MALI GAURA
Thath: Marwah. Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: r, both types ofM and D, rest Shudh
Vadi: r Samvadi: P
Time of Singing: First Pahar of the night (6 PM-9 PM)
Aroha: S r S, N D P, D S, r G m P, m D N D S
Avaroha: S N d P Mm G, D m G, P m G R S
Pakad: m G m D N S, r N d Pm D m G, R S

21. MARU
Thath: Khamaj. Jati: Arav Sampuran
Svaras: Both M & N, rest Shudh, R prohibited in Aroha
Vadi: G Samvadi: S
Time of Singing: Third Pahar of the day (12 Noon- 3 PM)
Aroha: S M G M P D S N S
M R
Avaroha: S n D P M D P M, P M, G S
Pakad: S M G M P D S N S

22. TUKHARI
Thath: Khamaj. Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: G, M both ( M slightly used) and N both; rest Shudh
Vadi: P Samvadi: S
Time of Singing: Fourth Pahar of the day (3-6 PM)
Aroha: N S g R S, G M P M P M P, P D n D P M P, S N S
Avaroha: S N S N S, n D P, P M P M P, M g R S, R N S
Pakad: P D n n D M P G M P M G R S N S

23. KEDARA
Thath: Kalyan. Jati: Arav-Sharav
Svaras: S M P D N Shudh, M (Teevar); R G prohibited in Aroha & G in Avaroha-occasional touch of G.
Vadi: M Samvadi: S
Atmosphere: cooling and healing
Time of Singing: First Pahar of the night (6 PM-9 PM)
Aroha: S M, m P, D P, N D, S
Avaroha: S N D, P, M N P DP, M G M R S
Pakad: S M, M P, m P D P M, M R S

24. BHAIRAV
Thath: Bhairav. Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: R D (Komal) rest Shudh
Vadi: d Samvadi: r
Atmosphere: Solemn
Time of Singing: Early morning (fourth Pahar of the night 3 AM 6 AM)
Aroha: S r G M P d N S
Avaroha: S N d P M G R S
Pakad: d d P G M r S

25. BASANT
Thath: Poorvi. Jati: Sharav-Sampuran
Svaras: R & D Komal, M (both Shudh and Teevar) rest Shudh
Vadi: S Samvadi: P
Atmosphere: Refreshing and inspiring
Time of Singing: First Pahar of the night (6-9 PM); any time during the Spring reason
Aroha: S G, m d, r S
Avaroha: r N d, P, m G, R S, M
Pakad: S M, m m G, N d P, m G, S g, m D S

26. SARANG
Thath: Kafi. Jati: Arav-Arav
Svaras: N (both Shudh and Komal), G D (Varjit: forbidden), rest Shudh
Vadi: R Samvadi: P
Atmosphere: Light
Time of Singing: Second Pahar of the day (9 AM-Noon)
Aroha: S R M P N S
Avaroha: S n P M R S
Pakad: N S, R, P M R, S

27. MALAR/MALHAR
Thath: Khamaj. Jati: Sampuran-Sampuran
Svaras: All Shudh;
Vadi: M Samvadi: S
Atmosphere: Soothing and refreshing
Time of Singing: Any time in the rainy season or late night time
Aroha: S R R G M, M P, N D N S
Avaroha: S D P M G, M R, R S
Pakad: S R G M, M R P, D N P, M R S
Note: There are various types of Malar, but Mian ki Malar is very popular

28. KANRA
Thath: Kafi. Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: G Komal, rest Shudh; (R P for accompaniment) both N, D prohibited.
Vadi: P Samvadi: S
Atmosphere: Solemm
Time of Singing: Second Prahar of the night (9 PM-12 Midnight)
Aroha: S R g, M P N S
Avaroha: S n D n P M P g M R s
M
Pakad: S, R n S R P g, N, n P, M P S, n P, M P, M G M, R S

29. KALYAN (YAMAN)
Thath: Kalyan. Jati: Sampuran-Sampuran
Svaras: M (Teevqar), rest Shudh
Vadi: G Samvadi: N
Atmosphere: Solemn
Time of Singing: First Pahar of the night (6 PM to 9 PM)
Aroha: S R G, m P, D, N S
Avaroha: S N D, P, m G, R S
Pakad: N R G, R, S, P m G, R S

30. PRABHATI
Thath: Bhairav, Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: R, d (Komal), both M, rest Shudh
Vadi: M Samvadi: S
Time of Singing: Early morning (fourth Pahar of the night, 3 AM-6 AM)
Aroha: S r G M, m G, M P d N S
Avaroha: S N d P M, G r S
Pakad: G M G, r S, R, S, d N S, G M d P, M G M G R S
Note: Literally "Prabhati" means dawn. So this raga is sung at pre-dawn or dawn.

31. JAIJAWANTI
Thath: Khamaj. Jati: Sampuran
Svaras: Both G, both N, rest Shudh
Vadi: R Samvadi: P
Time of Singing: Second Pahar of the night ( 9 AM-12 Midnight)
Aroha: R g R S, R, G M P, D P N S
Avaroha: S n D P D M, G R, R G R S
Pakad: R g R S, D n R
Note: This raga is used only by Guru Tegh Bahadur

(Source: Gurbani: Ragas of Sri Guru Granth Sahab)
 
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