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How Vars Of Bhai Gurdas Ji Are Key To Gurbani?

Discussion in 'Sikh Sikhi Sikhism' started by vijaydeep Singh, Feb 14, 2005.

  1. vijaydeep Singh

    vijaydeep Singh
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    Jul 30, 2004
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    Ek Oankar Wahiguru Ji Ki Fateh

    Das wants to know that how or from where we come to know that Vars of Bhai Gurdas ji are Key to Gurbani?

    Is it an oral tradition or do we have wriittan record ?

    Where is the oldest version of them in manuscript being kept and is that the origeonal version?
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  3. sikhmeansdisciple

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    Oct 1, 2006
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    Dear Brother, You've posted an excellent question. I would think Bhai Gurdas's Vars are referred to as "Adi Granth di kunji" (key to the Sikh scripture) because of the Vars' systematic attempt to explain Sikh tradition up to that point.

    I mean "systematic" because the vars often tackle one theme at a time and expand on that theme using metaphors, examples, and other literary devices. They are written in, usually, very simple Punjabi and in a very beautiful rhythm that makes them ... "catchy". :)

    As far as your question about if that notion of "kunji" comes from oral or written text, I thought I knew the answer but it seems harder than I thought to locate the root of that. At first I thought we could attribute it to Bhai Vir Singh's publishing of his Grandfather's (Giani Hazara Singh's) translation of the text. But that translation has no introduction, so unless the term "kunji" shows up elsewhere in that text I'd have to rethink that thesis.

    A text from the 1700s called "Sikhan di Bhagatmala" takes Bhai Gurdas's 11th var and elaborates on it. So we have the first commentary on a commentary in the Sikh tradition at that point! It just goes to show you how important Bhai Gurdas's work has been in the Sikh tradition.

    The Manuscript questions will take some more research to answer. If you understand Punjabi well, I recommend Rattan Singh Jaggi's work on Bhai Gurdas, as well as Gursharan Kaur Jaggi's work (I'm pretty sure both are published by Punjabi University Press).

    Good luck and keep plugging away at these questions!
  4. Randip Singh

    Randip Singh
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    May 25, 2005
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    One thing I would like to point out is that Bai Gurdas's Vars are metaphor's......so read them with an open mind.
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