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India Urban Sikhs Face Highest Unemployment


Apr 3, 2005
NEW DELHI: Unemployment was highest among Sikhs living in cities and towns during 2009-10 while the rate of joblessness showed a downward trend for Muslims in both urban and rural areas, a government survey released this month has revealed.

Muslims had the lowest per capita spending, according to the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO), which in its 2009-10 survey put out a new report on employment trends for religious groups.

Among communities, unemployment increased only among Sikhs living in urban India. The community saw unemployment rise from 4.6% in 2004-05 to 6.1% in 2009-10. However, among rural Sikhs, the rate declined sharply from 3.5% to 2.4% during the period.

The high unemployment rate among Sikhs in urban areas may be attributed to the fact that they are more educated and also work with their hands and are vulnerable to economic slowdown which hit India during 2009-10, the period of survey.

In rural areas, unemployment was highest among Christians at 3.9%. However, it was a decline from 4.4% in 2004-05.

The steepest decline in urban areas was witnessed among Christians, with the unemployment rate falling by 5.7 percentage points from 8.6% in 2004-05 to 2.9% in 2009-10.

Hindus had a stable unemployment rate at 1.5% in rural areas during the five-year period while all other communities in villages saw a decline. In urban India, the rate fell from 4.4% to 3.4% among Hindus.

Interestingly, unemployment among Muslims in both rural and urban areas is falling. The rate declined from 2.3% in 2004-05 to 1.9% in 2009-10 among Muslims living in villages. In cities and towns, the unemployment rate among Muslims fell from 4.1% to 3.2% during the five-year period. However, most Muslims in both rural and urban areas are self employed.

Per capita spending was highest for Sikhs, followed by Christians and Hindus. At the all-India level, the average monthly per capita consumption expenditure (MPCE) of Sikh households was Rs 1659, followed by Christians (Rs 1543), Hindus (Rs 1125) and Muslims (Rs 980).

The survey found that self-employment was the mainstay for all religious groups in rural areas. The major source of earning from self-employment in agriculture was the highest among Sikhs (about 36%), but Muslims topped the chart in the category of rural workers.

In urban India, the proportion of households with major source of earning as self-employment was highest for Muslims (46%).

The major source of earning from regular wage/salaried was the highest for Christian households (43%) in urban areas.

Most people irrespective of religious affiliation own between 0.1 and 1 hectare of land. About 43% of Christian households, 38% of Muslim and 37% of Hindu cultivated more than or equal to 0.001 hectare of land but less than 1 hectare.

The proportion of households cultivating more than 4 hectares of land was the highest for Sikhs (6%), followed by Hindus (3%).

Jan 6, 2005
Metro-Vancouver, B.C., Canada
SAD: Language bias behind unemployment among Sikhs

Sarbjit Dhaliwal
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, July 29

The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) today claimed that the refusal to issue licences to Punjabi youths, who have passed matriculation with Punjabi as one of the main subjects, for recruitment of conductors in the Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (CTU) was an “well-planned attack on Punjabi language and culture.”

The party said one of the key reasons for the Sikhs being the most unemployed religious group in urban areas was disregard for the Punjabi language in official circles.

A survey by the NSSO says that the unemployment rate among the Sikhs has gone up from 4.6 per cent in 2004-05 to 6.1 per cent in 2009-10.

Party spokesman Balwant Singh Ramoowalia said it was disturbing that the Punjabi language was not being accorded due recognition in the state capital, Chandigarh.

He said the Chandigarh Administration was to recruit 246 conductors in the CTU and the aspirants were to apply for the job by August 26. They were required to have a conductor’s licence.

However, the department concerned maintained that those who had passed the matric exam with Punjabi, not Hindi, as the main subject were not eligible for the licence, Ramoowalia said. He alleged this decision had been taken by the authorities concerned to deny jobs to unemployed youths who had preferred Punjabi to Hindi in the matric exam.

Ramoowalia said all Punjabis, irrespective of their political affiliations, should come together to fight against such discrimination against the Punjabi language in Chandigarh.

“When countries like Canada and UK are giving Punjabi due space in their administrative setup, the language is being pushed out from government institutions in our own country,” Ramoowalia alleged.

He said the SAD would fight against such“discrimination” being perpetrated in the name of language. He said the Delhi University too had diluted the importance of Punjabi.

Shiromani Akali Dal (Amritsar) spokesperson Jaswant Singh Mann said owing to the failure of the ruling SAD, the Punjabi language was being sidelined in the country. “Parkash Singh Badal and his son have failed to protect the interest of the Punjabi language and Punjabis in the country,” he alleged.

“The Central Government should give reasons why the unemployment rate in the country is the highest among the Sikhs,” he demanded, adding that it was because of unemployment that young Sikh youths were migrating abroad in large numbers.

source: http://www.tribuneindia.com/2013/20130730/punjab.htm#5


1947-2014 (Archived)
Jun 17, 2004
SAD is introducing a new thought - unrelated to the OP. The OP merely reported that joblessness/unemployment declined least among Sikhs in urban areas sampled. It said nothing about Sikhs being the Most Unemployed Group.

I checked the statistical correction posted in the Hindustani Times by Babandeep Singh ji. And the article is correct. The number of Sikhs in the entire study is actually statistically fewer than would be the case for a 2-3 percent margin of chance or sampling error based on the entire sample size. There just are not enough Sikhs in the study to draw any conclusions about their decline in joblessness.

Because conditions that govern employment in urban versus rural areas are very different, these statistics do have to be reported separately which was the case.

The statistics reported for Christians do exceed sampling error, and therefore are credible.

The indifference of the Punjab government toward the Punjabi language is a concern that has been expressed often. It is a different problem, a serious problem. It does not help one understand the employment statistics so far reported. And there are no statistics in either article to back up the idea that Sikhs are the most underemployed religious group in urban areas.
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