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Jan 6, 2005
Metro-Vancouver, B.C., Canada

Underneath the Turban: Why Sikhs Do Not Hide

Valarie Kaur and Simran Jeet Singh - Huffington Post - 08/13/2012 8:00 am

Why do we wear turbans?"

Nearly every Sikh American who grows up in the U.S. asks their families this question and as two Sikh Americans who maintain our faith, we were no different when we were little. This week, as Americans join in vigils for the six murdered Sikhs in another violent act of hate, many are now asking us this same question.

"Our ancestors were beheaded so that we could practice our faith without fear," our grandparents told us, detailing stories of torture and heroism, martyrdom and sacrifice, in 500 years of Sikh history. These stories gave us a legacy that infuses the turban with deep meaning: it embodies our community's commitment to devotion, honor, and service to all, a gift made possible by those who died to protect the practice of our faith.

While some non-Sikhs wear turbans as cultural garb, Sikhs are the only community for whom the turban is religious and nearly every person who wears the turban in the U.S. is Sikh. For many of us, abandoning this visible identity is equivalent to abandoning our faith and core values, including the commitment to protect the right of all people to practice whatever faith they choose.

But in the wake of the shootings of Sikh Americans in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, many Americans may silently wonder: If turbans mark Sikhs as targets for hate and violence, then why not take the turban off? Through a vibrant oral tradition, we Sikhs are emboldened by the stories passed down to us through the generations about why we keep the turban:

During a time of tremendous religious strife, a man named Nanak was born in 15th century Punjab (now Northern India and Pakistan). Guru Nanak expressed a unique vision of unity: Na ko Hindu, Na ko Muslim. There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim - beneath all husks and labels, humanity is one. He carried his message across South and Central Asia, rejecting all social inequalities, including caste hierarchies, gender discrimination, and religious persecution. He called for devotion to the One Divine, justice and equality of all people, and a commitment to seva or divinely-inspired service. And he taught that each person has the potential to develop his or her own relationship with the Divine. His followers were called "Sikhs," or disciples and seekers of truth.

As Guru Nanak passed his leadership on to a succession of teachers, many people embraced the Sikh faith and began wearing turbans to represent their devotion. Through the 16th and 17th centuries, thousands of Sikhs died fighting alongside people of many faiths against political oppression, and the ninth Sikh leader, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was executed by the state for defending the right of all communities to freely practice religion.

"The Guru was beheaded before a big crowd," our grandparents would tell us. "When one brave man brought the Guru's head to his young son, his son asked, 'Were there any Sikhs in the crowd to stand up to this injustice?' The man said he didn't know. The young boy responded, 'From now on, Sikhs will never hide.'"

As the story goes, the son grew up as the tenth Sikh leader, Guru Gobind Singh. In 1699, he called all Sikhs together and formalized a standard identity. He gave Sikhs five articles of faith, including kesh (uncut hair), meant for women and men equally. Men traditionally wrapped their long hair in turbans. Some women wear turbans too, but most simply cover their heads with headscarves when praying. Guru Gobind Singh requested all Sikhs to drop their surnames (a marker of social status), and instead, embrace a shared surname: all women adopted the last name "Kaur" and men took the last name "Singh." He declared that our eleventh and lasting teacher would be the sacred scriptures - the Guru Granth Sahib. Sikhs pray together in houses of worship and learning called gurdwaras [Doorways to the Divine] to study and sing devotional prayers from scripture.

Through the 18th century, Sikhs were captured, tortured and executed before giving up their turbans or their faith. The Sikh ideal became the warrior-saint: to live a life devoted to God and fiercely committed to fighting injustice in all forms. When India was conquered by the British, Sikhs joined fellow Hindus and Muslims to fight for independence. In recent history, Sikhs have continued to struggle for rights in India, and many Sikhs fled religious persecution in the 1980s to settle in the U.S.

Today, Sikhs belong to the fifth-largest organized religion in the world and are more than half a million strong in the U.S. However, Sikhs continue to encounter racism and religious bigotry since landing on American shores. Early Sikh pioneers, including one of our grandfathers, waited for decades before they were permitted to become citizens or own land. In our own childhoods, we remember racial slurs and shattered windows in the aftermath of the Iran hostage crisis, the first Gulf war, and the Oklahoma City bombing. In the immediate and long-term aftermath of 9/11, Sikhs have been bullied in schools, profiled at airports, barred from workplaces like the military, and targeted in hate violence - including the brutal massacre last Sunday.

In Oak Creek and across the U.S., Sikhs have drawn upon their history of struggle and resilience to rise up in the wake of this tragedy. We witnessed this in person on Thursday morning, when Sikhs were allowed to return to their gurdwara for the first time since the attack. They walked into a crime scene: there was still blood on the carpets and bullet holes in the walls. In an instant, the community burst into action: they ripped out and replaced carpets, scrubbed the floors, painted over bullet holes, and repaired broken windows. We literally watched a community rebuild itself before her eyes.

The Sikh community in Oak Creek reflects the broader Sikh community in America. Some choose to wear only one or two articles of faith; some wear turbans and others don't. Like all faith communities, ours is wonderfully diverse. But all Sikhs, no matter how they practice their faith, share in the spirit of "Chardi Kala" - a rising optimism even in dark times - and are coming together so that good can come from tragedy.

We believe that hate crimes against people who wear turbans, veils, yarmulkes, or robes are attacks on all communities marked as "other" in the American psyche. In a time when the economy is struggling, guns are easily accessible, and ideologues drum up votes through fear-mongering, we must renew our commitment to building safe and caring communities - for Sikhs and for all Americans.

So perhaps by passing along our story to you, it will embolden you the next time you see a turban. Perhaps you will think about the layers of history and resilience wrapped within - and offer a nod of recognition.



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Jul 13, 2004
Re: Underneath the Turban: Why Sikhs Do Not Hide

Wonderful sewa by Valarie Kaur and Simran Jeet Singh.

Very Commendable Jio! wahmunda

""The Guru was beheaded before a big crowd," our grandparents would tell us. "When one brave man brought the Guru's head to his young son, his son asked, 'Were there any Sikhs in the crowd to stand up to this injustice?' The man said he didn't know. The young boy responded, 'From now on, Sikhs will never hide.'"

So wonderful to read this every time... Yes, Sikhs will never hide.

Gyani Jarnail Singh

Sawa lakh se EK larraoan
Jul 4, 2004
Re: Underneath the Turban: Why Sikhs Do Not Hide

a true story but only for punjabi readers...apologies..
short synopsis...author: Gurdev Singh Sandhavalia..

The Cheetah and the JACKAL.

An old Jackal was extremely hungry and frustrated due to his inability to hunt or eat anything as his jaws and teeth were old and ineffective. Finally due to some good luck he came across a dead elephant. He was OVERJOYED but sad that he couldnt eat the carcass of the elephant because the elephant hide was too thick for his old jaws..so he sat down to wait nearby...a LION came along..and the jackal jumped out and greeted the Lion..OH King of the Forest...here is something I have just hunted. Since you are King of the Jungle..please have a bite. But the Lion replied..I am KING and I dont eat other animals hunted kills...The Jackal's wish of letting the LION do all the hard work of tearing open the elephants TOUGH HIDE was dashed by the Lions attitude. but he was lucky..a Cheetah came along. The Jackal once more seized the golden opportunity...he told the Cheetah...the Lion King of the Jungle killed this elephant..but he has gone for a Bath and he asked me to guard this kill for him. But since clearly the elephant is too large even for a Lion to finish..IF you wish you can have a few bites...I will stand guard and shout if i see the Lion returning..The Cheetah fell for the jackals idea..and began tugging at the tough hide until he had torn a huge hole..No sooner did the Jackal see this Mission Accomplished that he began to shout..Run Run..the Lion is coming...and the Cheetah ran away...HUNGRY. The Jackal then sat down to have a sumptuous meal...

GANDHI,NEHRU, PATEL the Jackal Gang knew very well that the HIDE of the BRITISH EMPIRE was too TOUGH for their weak Banniah Jaws...and so they got the SIKH CHEETAH to begin BITING the British Elephant....OH how Brave the Sikhs are..oh ONLY the SIKHS can fight the British ..oh YOU BRAVE SIKHS have WON the First battle of Indian Independence (Gandhi telegram to SGPC President baba Kharrak Singh on sikh victory during Guru Ka Bagh Morcha)....these Banniahs knew very well that ONLY SIKHS could take the beatings, the Hangings, the Lathi charges, the Hunger strikes till DEATH, long jail terms etc etc..the rest of their followers would scream and run at the very first sight of a British soldier..Lala lajpat rai got a Heart Attack from a strike on his UMBRELLA..he must have thought..oH MY Raam..what IF the Lathi ahd struck MY HEAD instead ?? MY Brains would be on the Railway Station Platform...Lajpat's umbrella got struck..BUT the JOSH..the anger was aroused in the CHEETAH Bhagat Singh who shot dead Sanders...the Cheetah UDHAM SINGH travelled all the way to LONDON to bite the British hide...BUT the Moment the Jackals saw the HIDE TORN..and Indian Independence shone through...they raised the Alarm...Independence is HERE..Chase this bloo.dy CHEETAH AWAY..hes dangerous, hes a killer..hes a criminal..and the poor cheetah got burning tires around his neck..his businesses and houses burnt to the ground..he was chased OUT to foreign lands..and the few remaining cheetahs who accepted the JACKALS RULE..now live peacefully and warn the Overseas Cheetahs..DONT upset our boat...we are slaves but ALIVE...we dont need or want independence...just let us be...but a Cheetah like the Leopard never changes its spots...and so the SECOND WAR of INDEPENDENCE goes ON...and this frightens the Living daylights out of the jackals...

ਗਿੱਦੜ ਅਤੇ ਚੀਤਾ

ਕਹਾਣੀ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਇੱਕ ਗਿੱਦੜ ਬੁੱਢਾ ਹੋ ਗਿਆ ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰ ਉਸ ਕੋਲੋਂ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਨਹੀਂ ਸੀ। ਭੁੱਖ ਤੋਂ ਤੰਗ ਆ ਕੇ ਇੱਕ ਦਿਨ ਉਹ ਜੰਗਲ ਨੂੰ ਫਿਰਨ ਨਿਕਲ ਗਿਆ। ਰਸਤੇ ਵਿਚ ਇੱਕ ਹਾਥੀ ਮਰਿਆ ਪਿਆ ਸੀ। ਗਿੱਦੜ ਨੂੰ ਚੜ੍ਹ ਚਾਅ ਗਏ ਪਰ ਉਸ ਦੀ ਮੁਸ਼ਕਲ ਇਹ ਸੀ ਕਿ ਹਾਥੀ ਦੀ ਸਖ਼ਤ ਚਮੜੀ ਉਸ ਦੇ ਬੁੱਢੇ ਜਬਾੜ੍ਹਿਆਂ ਤੋਂ ਕੱਟ ਨਹੀਂ ਸੀ ਹੋ ਰਹੀ। ਉਹ ਕਿਸੇ ਸਕੀਮ ਅਧੀਨ ਲੁੱਕ ਕੇ ਬੈਠ ਗਿਆ। ਤੁਰਦਾ-ਫਿਰਦਾ ਸ਼ੇਰ ਆਇਆ। ਗਿੱਦੜ ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਕਹਿਣ ਲੱਗਿਆ ਜੰਗਲ ਦਾ ਰਾਜਾ ਜੀ ਆਹ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਲਈ ਮੈਂ ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰ ਕੀਤਾ ਹੈ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਕਰ ਕੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਭੋਗ ਲਾਓ। ਸ਼ੇਰ ਕਹਿਣ ਲੱਗਾ ਕਿ ਅਸੀਂ ਜੰਗਲ ਦੇ ਰਾਜਾ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਾਂ ਅਸੀਂ ਕਿਸੇ ਦਾ ਕੀਤਾ ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰ ਨਹੀਂ ਖਾਂਦੇ ਜਾਹ ਤੂੰ ਮੌਜ ਕਰ। ਸ਼ੇਰ ਚਲਾ ਗਿਆ ਤਾਂ ਮਗਰ ਚੀਤਾ ਆ ਗਿਆ। ਗਿੱਦੜ ਕਹਿਣ ਲੱਗਾ ਕਿ ਮਾਮਾ ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਹਿਮਾਨ ਆਇਆਂ ਏ, ਤੇਰੀ ਸੇਵਾ ਕਰਨਾ ਮੇਰਾ ਫ਼ਰਜ਼ ਹੈ। ਆਹ ਸ਼ੇਰ ਨੇ ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰ ਕੀਤਾ ਤੇ ਆਪ ਉਹ ਨਹਾਉਣ ਚਲਾ ਗਿਆ ਮੈਨੂੰ ਰਾਖੀ ਬੈਠਾ ਕੇ। ਤੂੰ ਇੰਜ ਕਰ ਉਸ ਦੇ ਆਉਣ ਤੱਕ ਛੱਕ ਜਾਹ ਜਿੰਨਾ ਛੱਕ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਜਦ ਸ਼ੇਰ ਆਇਆ ਮੈਂ ਦੱਸ ਦਿਆਂਗਾ। ਚੀਤੇ ਨੇ ਜਦ ਹਾਥੀ ਦੀ ਖਲ ਪਾੜ ਲਈ ਤਾਂ ਗਿੱਦੜ ਨੇ ਰੌਲਾ ਚੁੱਕ ਦਿੱਤਾ,
ਮਾਮਾ ਸ਼ੇਰ ਆਇਆ ਈ ! ਦੌੜ !
ਬੁੱਢੇ ਗਾਂਧੀ ਨੂੰ ਪਤਾ ਸੀ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼-ਰਾਜ ਦੀ ਸਖ਼ਤ ਚਮੜੀ ਮੇਰੇ ਵਾਲੇ ਬਾਣੀਆਂ ਕੋਲੋਂ ਨਹੀਂ ਪਾੜ ਹੋਣੀ। ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦੀ ਤਾਂ ਸਾਈਕਲ ਦੇ ਟਾਇਰ ਦਾ ਪਟਾਕਾ ਪਿਆਂ ਲੁੰਗੀ ਭਿੱਜ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ ਇਹ ਫਾਂਸੀ ਦੇ ਤਖ਼ਤੇ ਤੇ ਕਿਥੋਂ ਚੜ੍ਹ ਜਾਣਗੇ! ਕਾਲੇ ਪਾਣੀਆਂ ਦੇ ਕੜਾਕੇ ਤੇ ਇਕਲਾਪਾ ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਤੋਂ ਕਿਥੋਂ ਕੱਟ ਹੋਣਾ। ਸੋ ਉਸ ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਫੁੱਲੀਆਂ ਪਾਈਆਂ।
ਓ ਜੀ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਬੜੇ ਬਹਾਦਰ ਹੋ, ਬੜੀ ਸੂਰਮਾ ਕੌਮ ਹੋ ਤੁਸੀਂ, ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਜਿਹਾ ਮਾਂ ਨੇ ਕਿਥੇ ਜੰਮਣਾ। ਦੇਸ਼ ਤਾਂ ਹੈ ਹੀ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ, ਰਾਜੇ ਹੋ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਦੇਸ਼ ਦੇ। ਅਗਵਾਈ ਕਰੋ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਸਾਡੀ, ਆਪਾਂ ਫ਼ਰੰਗੀਆਂ ਤੋਂ ਦੇਸ਼ ਆਜ਼ਾਦ ਕਰਾਈਏ। ’ਤੇ ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਚੜ੍ਹ ਲਾਲੀਆਂ ਗਈਆਂ। ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼-ਰਾਜ ਦੇ ਹਾਥੀ ਦੀ ਖੱਲ ਪਾੜਨੀ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਕਰ ਦਿੱਤੀ। ਫ਼ਾਂਸੀਆਂ, ਕਾਲੇ ਪਾਣੀ, ਜਿਹਲਾਂ, ਪਿੱਛੇ ਭਓਂ ਨਹੀਂ ਵੇਖਿਆ ਮਾਂ ਦਿਆਂ ਪੁੱਤਾਂ।
ਇੰਨਾ ਜੋਸ਼, ਇੰਨਾ ਉਤਸ਼ਾਹ? ਲਾਲਾ ਲਾਜਪਤ ਦੀ ਛੱਤਰੀ ਤੇ ਡਾਂਗ ਵੱਜੀ। ਛੱਤਰੀ ਤੇ ਵੱਜੀ ਡਾਂਗ ਨਾਲ ਹੀ ਉਹ ਇੰਨਾ ਦਹਿਲ ਗਿਆ ਕਿ ਘਰੇ ਜਾ ਕੇ ਕਈ ਚਿਰ ਬਿਮਾਰ ਪਿਆ ਹੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਉੱਠਿਆ। ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਹੁਣ ਪਤਾ ਲੱਗਾ ਕਿ ਘੁਰਨੇ ਵਿਚ ਬੈਠ ਬਿਆਨ ਦੇਣੇ ਅਤੇ ਚੱਕ ਲਓ, ਚੱਕ ਦਿਓ ਕਰਨੀ ਕਿੰਨੀ ਸੌਖੀ ਪਰ ਜਦ ਸਿਰ ਵਿਚ ਵੱਜਦੀਆਂ ਪਤਾ ਉਦੋਂ ਲੱਗਦਾ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਕਿਸ ਮਾਸੀ ਦਾ ਨਾਂ ਏ। ਤੇ ਆਖ਼ਰ ਇਸੇ ਦਹਿਲ ਵਿਚ ਹੀ ਕਿ ਹਾਏ ! ਜੇ ਡਾਂਗ ਸਿਰ ਵਿਚ ਵੱਜ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਦੇ ਹਾਰਟ-ਅਟੈਕ ਨਾਲ ਹੀ ਮਰ ਗਿਆ। ਕਿਸੇ ਬਣੀਏ ਦੇ ਡੌਲ਼ੇ ਨਹੀਂ ਫਰਕੇ ਪਰ ਜੋਸ਼ ਸ੍ਰ ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਹੋਰਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਆ ਗਿਆ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਜਾ ਕੇ ਸਕਾਟ ਦੀ ਬਜਾਇ ਸਾਂਡਰਸ ਫੜੁੰਗ ਸੁੱਟਿਆ।
ਗਿੱਦੜ ਸਾਂਤੀ-ਸ਼ਾਂਤੀ ਕਰਦਾ ਖੜ੍ਹਾ ਤਮਾਸ਼ਾ ਦੇਖਦਾ ਰਿਹਾ। ਚੀਤਾ ਮੁੜ੍ਹਕੋ-ਮੁੜ੍ਹਕੀ ਹੋਇਆ ਪਿਆ ਸੀ। ਚੀਤੇ ਨੂੰ ਸੀ ਕਿ ਹਾਥੀ ਤਾਂ ਹੁਣ ਮੇਰਾ ਹੀ ਹੈ ਗਿੱਦੜ ਨਾ ਨੇੜੇ ਲੱਗਣ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਮੈਂ। ਪਰ ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਪਤਾ ਨਹੀਂ ਸੀ ਕਿ ਗਿੱਦੜ ਸਕੀਮ ਤੇ ਸੀ।
ਜਿਉਂ ਹੀ ਚੀਤੇ ਨੇ ਹਾਥੀ ਦੀ ਖੱਲ ਪਾੜੀ ਗਿੱਦੜ ਨੇ ਰੌਲਾ ਚੁੱਕ ਦਿੱਤਾ।
ਦੇਸ਼ ਆਜ਼ਾਦ ਹੋ ਗਿਆ ਬਈ, ਦੇਸ਼ ਆਜ਼ਾਦ ਹੋ ਗਿਆ! ਵਧਾਈਆਂ ਜੀ ! ਵਧਾਈਆਂ! ਝੰਡੇ ਝੁੱਲਣ ਲੱਗੇ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਦੇ ਪਰ ਨਾਲ ਹੀ ਗਿੱਦੜ ਨੇ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾ ਸੁਨੇਹਾ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਜੰਗਲ ਨੂੰ ਕਿ ਦੇਖੋ ਜੀ ਇਹ ਚੀਤਾ ਤਾਂ ਮੁੱਢੋਂ ਹੀ ਖ਼ੂਨਖ਼ਾਰ ਹੈ, ਜਰਾਇਮ ਪੇਸ਼ਾ ਹੈ, ਭੇੜੀਆ ਹੈ, ਕਤਲੋਗਾਰਤ ਇਸ ਦਾ ਧੰਦਾ ਹੈ!! ਮਾਰੋ ਇਸ ਨੂੰ, ਫ਼ੂਕ ਦਿਓ ਅੱਗ ਲਾ ਕੇ ਇਸ ਨੂੰ, ਇਹ ਜੰਗਲ ਦਾ ਗ਼ੱਦਾਰ ਹੈ, ਜੰਗਲ ਦੀ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਨੂੰ ਖ਼ਤਰਾ ਹੈ ਇਸ ਤੋਂ, ਇਹ ਜੰਗਲ ਨੂੰ ਤੋੜਨਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਗਿੱਦੜ ਨੇ ਸਾਰਾ ਜੰਗਲ ਚੀਤੇ ਮਗਰ ਪਾ ਦਿੱਤਾ। ਸਰੀਏ, ਰਾੜ, ਮਿੱਟੀ ਦਾ ਤੇਲ, ਟਾਇਰ, ਅੱਗਾਂ, ਛੁਰੇ, ਜੰਗਲ ਪਿੱਛੇ ਪਿੱਛੇ ਤੇ ਚੀਤਾ ਅੱਗੇ ਅੱਗੇ।
ਤੇ ਹੁਣ ਚੀਤਾ ਆਪਣੀ ਜਾਨ ਬਚਾਉਂਦਾ ਬਾਹਰ ਦੇ ਜੰਗਲਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਦੌੜਾ ਫਿਰ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ ਜਾਂ ਕਈਆਂ ਜੰਗਲ ਵਿਚ ਹੀ ਘਾਹ ਖਾਣਾ ਪ੍ਰਵਾਨ ਕਰ ਕੇ ਪੂਛ ਪਿੱਛੇ ਦੇ ਲਈ ਹੈ, ਕੰਨ ਹੇਠਾਂ ਕਰ ਲਏ ਹਨ ਤੇ ਕੁੱਤੇ ਵਾਂਗੂੰ ਯਈਂ ਯਈਂ ਕਰਨ ਲੱਗ ਪਏ ਹਨ। ਗਿੱਦੜ ਦੀ ਅਧੀਨਗੀ ਕਬੂਲ ਲਈ ਹੈ। ਉਹ ਹੁਣ ਆਪਣੀ ਬੇਗ਼ੈਰਤੀ ਦੀ ਨੁਮਾਇਸ਼ ਲਾਉਣਗੇ ਤੇ ਰਸਗੁੱਲੇ ਯਾਨੀ ਗਿੱਦੜ ਦਾ ਘਾਹ ਖਾ ਕੇ ਆਪਣਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਹੀ ਭੰਡਣਗੇ ਕਿ ਢਾਈ ਟੋਟਰੂ, ਪਿਛਾਂਹ ਖਿੱਚੂ, ਕੱਟੜਵਾਦੀ, ਸੌੜੀ ਸੋਚ ਵਾਲੇ, ਸਮਾਂ ਵਿਹਾ ਚੁੱਕੇ! ਇੰਜ ਹੀ ਹੋਵੇਗਾ ਨਾ?


Dec 29, 2011
Excellent, thank you so much. I am always amazed at the bravery and the courage Sikhs have. Though most of us know that Sikhs are brave, it never fails to amaze me of all that we have been through and are still strong as ever.

Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji!!!!



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