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India Sikhs, The Biggest Spenders In India: Survey

Jan 7, 2005
Metro-Vancouver, B.C., Canada
Sikhs, the Biggest Spenders in India: Survey

India, the second most populous country and also the most populous democracy in the world is home to over 1.2 billion people belonging to multi-ethnic groups and a multilingual society.

Sikh community is one such major community in the country and resides mostly in the northern state of Punjab. This community has now emerged as the country's biggest spender on an average, while the Muslim households which is the second largest religious community in the country, turned out to be the smallest penders on an average as per the report based on the government data compiled for the period July 2009 to 2010 June, reports Anil Sasi for Indian Express.

As per the list of major religious groups set by average monthly per capita household consumer expenditure (MPCE), almost 1.7 times more is spent by the Sikh households than the expenditure of Muslim households.

According to the countrywide report of the eighth quinquennial survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) on employment during the year 2009 to June 2010, Rs 1,659 was the average MPCE of Sikh households while that of the Muslim households was just Rs 980.The expenditure of the Christian households was slightly lower than that of Sikh households and the expenses by Hindu households was about 27 percent lesser than by Christian households. The other communities like Jain and Zoroastrian households, was third from the top with a spending that was marginally lower than that of Christian households. The data highlights that the Muslims community still continues to be the most backward community in terms of economy, in India.

Per se the data in rural areas, during the period 1999-2000 to 2009-2010 indicates that the overall percentage of Hindu households remained largely stable, whereas the percentage of Muslim households increased by about 1 percent. But, in urban areas, the proportion of Hindu households is increased by about 1 percentage over the same period whereas the proportion of Muslim households showed a decline of about 1 percentage point. Through the decade, the proportion of households following Christianity and Sikhism remained at almost the same level in both rural and urban regions.The report said, “Among households belonging to the "land-possessed" class, about 43 percent of Christian households, 38 percent of Muslim households and 37 percent of Hindu households cultivated more than or equal to 0.001 hectare, but less than 1 hectare, of land,” reported Indian Express.

The section of households cultivating more than 4 hectares was the highest for Sikhs (6 percent), followed by Hindus (3 percent).

“Literacy rate among people aged 15 years or more was the highest for Christians, for both sexes, in rural and urban areas. The proportion of 15-year-olds and older with educational level ‘second and above’ was again the highest for Christians, followed by Sikhs,” added the report.

In terms of labour force participation rate (LFPR) during the period 2009-10, the LFPR for rural males, rural females and urban females were the highest for Christians, while that for urban males was the highest for Sikhs.

The survey which was conducted in the 66th round of the national sample survey, covered over 7,402 villages and 5,252 urban blocks including 1, 00,957 households and 4.59 lakh citizens. The consumption expenditure data was collected in a separate abbreviated worksheet that was combined with the employment and unemployment schedule.


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