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Raag Majh

Discussion in 'Gurmat Sangeet' started by Aman Singh, Jun 14, 2008.

  1. Aman Singh

    Aman Singh
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    Jun 1, 2004
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    Gurbani Raag: Majh
    This raga is attributed to Guru Nanak, who developed it from a Punjabi folk tune. It does not appear in the Ragmala nor does it seem to be a classical raga today. Possibly it has been reserved purely for Gurbani Sangeet. Majh was the setting for compositions by Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan. This is a regional raga of Manjha- the central portion of the Punjab-and is sung in the afternoon. Here Guru Nanak has given an account of social, cultural and religion conflict between the Hindus and the Muslims in his age. Guru Arjan has composed the calendar- Barah Maha-in this raga. He has dwelt on the characteristics of different months, and the importance of water and milk in the agricultural economy of the punjab. Metaphorically these two things respectively signify that man without devotion and kindness is no good at all.

    Aroh : Sa Re Ma Pa Dha Sa ​
    Avroh : Sa Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa ​
    Vadi : Ma ​
    Samvadi : Sa ​

    Introduction :
    The raga is sung to describe the lacerations of a beloved in the memory of his/her lover. The shabad of Guru Arjan 'mera maan lochey.... is the best example to describe the depth of this raga. The notes used in this raga are:
    Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ma pa ni sa (omitted notes are -ga, dha)
    Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni-(soft note) dha pa ma ga-(soft note) re sa
    The vadi (most popular) note is 're' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'pa'.
    Raga Majh is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12 noon to 3 p.m. The season of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July and August.
    This raga is not listed in any of the Ragamala (there are 11 of such Ragmalas available in the Indian musical circles) including the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib. It is believed that this raga was formed/invented by the Sikh Gurus.
    In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 94-151 (157 pages).

    The Composers:
    The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:


    • Guru Nanak Dev
    • Guru Angad
    • Guru Amardas
    • Guru Ramdas
    • Guru Arjan Dev
    There is no Bhagat bani in this raga.
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  3. spnadmin

    spnadmin United States
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    1947-2014 (Archived)
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    Jun 17, 2004
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    Aman ji

    Professor Surinder Singh ji is magnificent as a musician and as a teacher. Great thread.
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