Hi again Recent events provoke a re-examination of suffering and evil within the context of religion. Whilst browsing the topic I found this :crazy: BBC article in 'religious studies: Sikhism: good and evil' http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/rs/god/sigoodandevilrev1.shtml I struggle to read it even thought I've been over these topics here a hundred times. Imagine being a newbie - how the contradictions stand out!! Page 2 is where the real fun starts. My comments are in green: What does Sikhism teach about good and evil? Everything that happens is Hukam, the will of God (Waheguru). People should live their lives in obedience to God’s will. God created everything and gave people free will. <- if everything that happens is by the will of God then how can there be free will? Suffering is not inflicted directly by God but is permitted by God as a test of courage and faith. Suffering is appreciated for the good that it often brings out in humanity eg, compassion. It is a person’s own actions that are responsible for their suffering. There is a divine spark or soul, which is part of God, in everyone. This spark or soul is re-absorbed into God when a person is finally released from the cycle of births and deaths. The soul lives through many different forms of existence before being born into a human body. There are 8,400,000 different forms of life, and many souls have to travel though many of these before they can finally reach God. <- really?? How is this even relevant to suffering and evil? Only humans know the difference between right and wrong, and can make moral choices. So it is only when the soul is in a human being that the cycle can be broken. Freedom from this cycle of rebirth is called mukti. Good actions do lead to good karma. However, Guru Nanak preached that the birth is due to a person’s karma, but the final liberation (mukti) is due to God’s grace. <- if the human birth is the result of a person's karma, but human's are the only beings capable of making moral choices which affect karma, then how did they cease to be animals to begin with??? The existane of this article on the BBC website makes me need a paper bag.