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Festivals Baisakhi And Sikh Spirituality


1947-2014 (Archived)
Jun 17, 2004
Baisakhi and Sikh Sprirituality

Baisakhi and Sikh spirituality

AMONG the Sikhs, Baisakhi is associated with the day when their 10th Guru, Guru Gobind Singhji started ‘Khalsa Panth’ to give an identity to his followers.

Khalsa means a baptized Sikh or a pure one. The Khalsa Panth is an evolution from Guru Nanak’s Nirmal Panth - both terms meaning the way of the pure or the holy. It is the way of pure living, unadulterated with ritualism. Another connotation of Khalsa is "guru’s very own".

"After the line of corporeal gurus was brought to an end by Guru Gobind Singh, the Khalsa Panth was installed its own leader under the abiding guidance of Guru Granth Sahib. Since then, the Khalsa have evolved into a kind of spiritual commonwealth - a spiritually welded collectivity which awakens in each individual spontaneous discipline as well as disciplined spontaneity (Rehat)."

The Sikh spirituality is summed up in a scripture called Japuji Sahib. The essence of Sikhism can be found in the scripture’s Mulmantra and Slok.

Mulmantra or the Prologue goes like this: Ik Onkar/ Sat Naam/ Karta Purakh/ Nirbhau/ Nirvair/ Akal Murat/ Ajuni/ Saibham/ Gurprasad. Its English translation goes like this: There is only one God/ His name is Truth/ He is the creator/ Sans fear/ Sans enmity/ Eternal/ Unborn/ Self effulgent/ Realized by His divine grace.

Sikhs believe that by simply saying "Ik Onkar", one invokes the Supreme and seeks His grace, so that one may lead a truthful life, fearlessly and with compassion to all.

The main sloka of Japuji Sahib goes like this: Aad Sach/ Jugad Sach/ Hai Bhi Sach/ Nanak Hosi Bhi Sach. When translated in English, it reads like this: True before creation/ True through all ages/ True also today/ says Nanak, True He shall eternally be.

Thus, the foundation of the Sikh spirituality that affirms the existence of One God, pervading the Cosmos and yet staying independent of it.

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