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Unemployment Forces 20,000 Youths From Punjab To Migrate Illegally Every Year

Jan 6, 2005
Metro-Vancouver, B.C., Canada
source: http://www.punjabnewsline.com/content/view/24099/38/

Unemployment forces 20,000 youths
from Punjab to migrate illegally every year

<TABLE dir=ltr border=0 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=1 width=936><TBODY><TR><TD width="50%">Punjab Newsline Network </TD><TD vAlign=center width="50%"> </TD></TR><TR><TD width="50%">Thursday, 11 March 2010

</TD><TD vAlign=center width="50%"> </TD></TR><TR><TD width="50%">By Kanwal Preet Kaur

Formation of independent legislation to check human smuggling recommended

CHANDIGARH: According to a study by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), high unemployment rate in Punjab is forcing over 20,000 youths from the state to migrate to other countries through illegal channels every year.

This trend of irregular migration has not only spread to new areas of Punjab but also to neighbouring states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, the study by KC Saha-former consultant of UNODC- that was released here on Thursday says.

In study by KC Saha, Delhi has emerged as an important centre for smuggling of migrants from northern India.

Unscrupulous agents were now operating from more prosperous areas of Delhi and even from five star hotels. "It is easy to operate from big city as it helps them (agents) to maintain their anonymity and carry on activities clandestinely," the report says.

While UK and Belgium remain the favourite destination , the study says the irregular migrants have attempted to go to 57 countries including Germany, Austria, Spain, Belgium, France, Italy, Greece in the past.

However, now countries like Africa, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan are emerging as new transit countries for migration to Western Europe.

"Earlier, Russia and Ukraine used to be transit countries but now other countries like Central Asia are replacing them to move into European countries," Saha said in 'Smuggling of Migrants from India to Europe and in particular to UK: A study on Punjab and Haryana'.

Amongst its key recommendations, it sought an independent legislation to check human smuggling as police and judicial system are constrained in dealing with these cases under existing legal provisions.

It has also recommended formation of specialised counter-smuggling law enforcement units at national and state level to sternly deal with illegal migration of people to other countries.