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Sikh Nation Has One Granth, One Panth And One Rehat Maryada


Mar 12, 2009
RAHAT/RAHIT MARYADA(ਰਹਤ /ਰਹਿਤ ਮਰਯਾਦਾ)

The two words Rahat ਰਹਤ/ ਰਹਤਿ and Rahit ਰਹਿਤ have different meanings and have to be understood as such. The word Maryada ਮਰਯਾਦਾ has been used to describe the customary practice of the Sikh way of life.

The word Rahat/ਰਹਤ/ਰਹਤਿis derived from Rahi, which in turn is derived from Raha/Rahana, meaning reside, dwell, exist, continue, or remain, custom, habit, manner, method-(1) ਮੁਕਤ, ਬਚਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ (2) ਰਹਿੰਦੇ ਹਨ (3) ਰਹਿਣੀ (4) ਰਹਿਣ ਨਾਲ (5) ਵਖਰਾ, ਬਿਨਾਂ (6) ਰਹਿੰਦਾ ਹੈ (7) ਨਿਵਾਸ, ਰਹਿਣੀ (8) ਰਹਿੰਦੀ, ਟਿਕਦੀ (9) ਦੂਰ ਹੋ ਗਏ, ਮੁਕ ਗਏ (10) ਰਹਿਤ ਰਖਣ ਵਾਲੇ - as written in Mahan Kosh and Gurmukhi word dictionary of AGGS by Dr. Surinder Singh Kohli.
Rahit/ਰਹਿਤਬਿਨਾ- same as ਰਹਿਣੀ particularly mode of living prescribed for Sikhs esp. baptised Sikhs five;articles collectively which a baptised Sikh must not part with, viz. hair, comb, sword or dagger, under wear shorts and steel bangle. suff. meaning without as in-ਰਹਤ. ਰਹਣੀ. ਧਾਰਨਾ (2) ਸਿੱਖਨਿਯਮਾਂਦੀਪਾਬੰਦੀ. ਸਿੱਖਧਰਮਦੇਨਿਯਮਅਨੁਸਾਰਰਹਿਣਦੀਕ੍ਰਿਯਾ (3) ਸੰ. ਵਿ- ਬਿਨਾ. "ਰਹਿਤਬਿਕਾਰਅਲਿਪਮਾਇਆਤੇ". (ਸਾਰ) ਵਿਕਾਰਰਹਿਤ, ਮਾਇਆਤੋਂਨਿਰਲੇਪ (4) ਤਿਆਗਿਆਹੋਇਆ. ਛੱਡਿਆ (5) ਦੇਖੋ, ਤੱਤਾਂਦੀਰਹਿਤ.
The words Rahat/ਰਹਤ(way of life or desciplin)and (without or excep) are incorporated in AGGS in the following hymns of Guru Nanak (Ragas Bilawal and Parbhati) and Guru Arjan in (Ragas Bhairo and Sarang):

Maryadaਮਰਯਾਦਾ means:
Custom, customary routine or practice, tradition, convention traditional or conventional rules and rites, religious practice, code of socio religious conduct.ਰੀਤਿ. ਰਿਵਾਜ। (2) ਸੀਮਾ. ਹੱਦ। (3) ਨਦੀ ਦਾ ਕਿਨਾਰਾ। (4) ਨਿਯਮਾਂ ਦੀਪਾਬੰਦੀ. ਦੇਖੋ, ਮਰਜਾਦ. This word does not appear in AGGS.
Marjaad (ਮਰਜਾਦ) means ਸੀਮਾ, ਹਦ; ਹਦ ਬੰਨਾ has been used in AGGS;
Rahat/ਰਹਤor a way of life, according to Sabd Guru:

ਸਾਚੀਰਹਤਸਾਚਾਮਨਿਸੋਈਮਨਮੁਖਕਥਨੀਹੈਪਰੁ ਰਹਤ ਨ ਹੋਈ ਨਾਵਹੁਭੂਲੇ ਥਾਉ ਨ ਕੋਈ
Saachee Rahat Saachaa Man Soyee, “Manmukh Kathnee Hai Par Rahat Na Hoyee, Naavoh Bhoolay Thaou Na Koyee.

The True way of life comes through Truth embedded in the mind. The self-willed Manmukh talks about it, but does not practice it. Forgetting the Name, one does not find any solace or peace.-----Guru Nanak, Raag Bilawal, AGGS, Page. 831-12

ਜੀਵਨਮੁਕਤੁਜਾਸਬਦੁ ਸੁਣਾਏ ਸਚੀ ਰਹਤ ਸਚਾ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਏ
Jeevan Mukat Ja Sabd Sunaey, Sachee Rahat Sachaa Sukh Paaey.

A person achieves salvation by listening to the Guru’s Word and enjoys eternal bliss by leading a truthful and devoted way of life. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Parbhatee, AGGS, Page, 1343-4 & 5

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