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Journey From Chamkaur To Mukatsar

Discussion in 'Sikh History' started by Neutral Singh, Feb 19, 2005.

  1. Neutral Singh

    Neutral Singh
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    Jun 1, 2004
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    After leaving Chamkaur, Guruji Gobind Singh moved from place to place,
    looking for safety. Soon he reached the Machhiwara forest about 22 miles
    from Ludhiana. Guruji wandered barefoot in the forest without any food,
    rest or sleep for many days. This had rendered him physically very weak
    and his feet had developed blisters.

    After the Battle of Chamkaur, it dawned upon Khawaja Mardud of Chamkaur
    that the head bearing the plume(Kalgi) did not appear to be that of the
    Guruji. Therefore he ordered Wazir Khan to search the whole area to find
    the Guruji who apparently had slipped away again. Wazir Khan sent a
    number of army contingents in all directions to apprehend Guruji.

    Meanwhile, Guruji who was sleeping in the forest of Machhiwara was
    awakened by three of his followers - Daya Singh, Dharam Singh and Man
    Singh, who had got separated at Chamkaur while escaping. Since Guruji
    was still tired, he spent the whole day resting along with his three

    The next day, Guruji and his three companions proceeded towards a nearby
    village. On the way, they met two Pathans - Ghani Khan and Nabi Khan,
    who were horse traders and had lived for sometime in Anandpur. They told
    him that it was not safe to wander through the countryside for the
    Imperial Army was pursuing him. They both desired to carry him to

    During this period, Guruji also met an old woman named Gurdevi who had
    spun some cloth for Guruji which she presented to him. Since the cloth
    was dyed blue, Guruji then dressed himself in the blue garb of a
    Mohammedan fakir to escape the dragnet which had been cast for him.

    He was then carried on a cot by Ghani Khan, Nabi Khan, Man Singh and
    Dharam Singh while Daya Singh waved the chaur. The party had not gone
    too far when it accidentally met a detachment of the Imperial Army
    searching for Guru Gobind Singh. When the captain of the detachment
    enquired the identity of the person being carried with such respect
    Ghani Khan and Nabi Khan told the commander that he was 'Uchch ka Pir'
    who was visiting his followers.

    After this narrow escape Guruji with his party reached Kaner village.
    Since the danger of the Imperial Army was no longer felt Guruji wanted
    to send back Ghani Khan and Nabi Khan. However, both of them helped
    carried Guruji on to Hehar village. Here Guruji Gobind Singh permitted
    Ghani Khan and Nabi Khan to return to Machhiwara but not before he gave
    them a pair of gold bracelets and a hukamnama in which all Sikhs were
    directed to help the two Pathans since they had rendered great service
    to Guruji.

    From Hehar, Guruji and his three Sikhs moved on and reached Alamgir
    village where Guruji met Nagahia Singh, brother of Bhai Mani Singh.
    Nagahia Singh offered Guruji a beautiful horse after which the Guruji
    and his party reached Dina. When the news of Guruji's arrival at Dina
    spread, contingents of Sikhs started visiting him and bringing

    Once again like at Anandpur, Sikhs started gathering under his command.
    Guruji again started training his troops and collected arms for any
    future conflict. Soon Guruji had a jatha (sizeable contingent) of Sikhs
    under his command.

    At Dina, Guru Gobind Singh also wrote his famous Zafarnama (letter of
    Victory) to Emperor Aurangzeb, in which he accused Subedars of Lahore
    and Sirhind of unnecessarily troubling him and his Sikhs due to which he
    was forced to take to the sword for self-defence. Guruji also accused
    the Emperor of breaking his oath when Guruji and his Sikhs vacated
    Anandpur. He also told the Aurangzeb that he was not the leader of his
    religion and severely criticized him for his policy of universal
    persecution. Guruji then proceeded to advise him to forsake his policy
    of troubling the innocent for their religious beliefs.

    Meanwhile, Guruji left Dina and passed through Jhidi, Bhadaur, Bhagta,
    Patto, Jaito, Lumbhwali, Malooke-da-kot and reached Kot Kapura. By now
    there were sufficient troops under his command. Soon intelligence
    reached Guruji that the Imperial Army was again in hot pursuit. Hearing
    this Guruji requested the Choudhary of Kot Kapura to allow him the use
    of his fortress for self-defense, but the Choudhary, fearing retaliation
    of the Imperial Army, refused to help.
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