Welcome to SPN

Register and Join the most happening forum of Sikh community & intellectuals from around the world.

Sign Up Now!

Learn Punjabi Gurmukhi Alphabet, Additional Sounds, From Billie Grosse The Font-maker

Discussion in 'Language, Arts & Culture' started by spnadmin, Jul 15, 2009.

  1. spnadmin

    spnadmin United States
    Expand Collapse
    1947-2014 (Archived)
    SPNer Supporter

    Jun 17, 2004
    Likes Received:
    Introduction . . .
    We've looked at the alphabet and the vowel sounds. Now, there are only a few markings left to learn (apart from the numbers). Although they are all covered by this part of the site, they effectively fall into three groups:

    Each marking is a link to an interactive page explaining the marks work!
    [​IMG] ਨੂੰ [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] ਨੌਂ [​IMG] ਨੱਕ [​IMG] ਨ੍ਹ [​IMG] ਪ੍ਰ [​IMG] ਸ੍ਵ [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [SIZE=-1]Next ਟਿੱਪੀ (Tippee) - n (ਨੂੰ)[/SIZE] [​IMG]
    In addition to the explicit 'n's (ਨ and ਣ) used in Punjabi, there is also a partial/implicit 'n'. Imagine the nasalised 'n' in the 'ah' sound as in the end of the French word for 'naturally'; 'naturellement'.
    There are two markings used to represent this:

    • ਟਿੱਪੀ (Tippee) - (the mark at the top of ਨੂੰ that looks like the bottom half of a ਨ); and,
    • ਬਿੰਦੀ (Bindi) - n (the dot at the top-right of ਨੌਂ just to the right of the kanaurdaa).
    In English, we put emphasis on certain syllables (interestingly, Japanese doesn't so a word like 'Sudoku' has the emphasis equal on all syllables). The emphasis on a particular word root can change, according to what it represents thus: 'Chromatograph' (the machine) and 'Chromatogram' (the paper chart that represents its output) are different to 'Chromatography' (the subject as a whole). Also, the emphasis can change according to where it is spoken so in English it is 'Laboratory' whereas in Americanised English it is 'Laboratory'.

    Gurmukhi has the ability to define emphasis and it does this with an Adhak. An adhak gives a slight pause between the syllable before it and after it, in a similar way to they stereotyped way that the Welsh say the word 'middle' - ie, 'mid-dle'.

    Combining consonants without the implicit 'a' sound
    Not every word needs to have an implicit 'a' after every letter and this is a way of doing it. In modern Punjabi there are three letters that you can add to the letter - ਹ ਰ and ਵ - the first of the three modifying the pitch of the letter and the last allowing for better support of foreign (non-Punjabi) words.

    They are written like this:ਨ੍ਹ (ਹ); ਪ੍ਰ (ਰ); and, ਸ੍ਵ (ਵ) thus, we can have words like . . .

    In Punjabi:

    • ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ (these),
    • ਪ੍ਰਵੀਣ (perfect); and,
    • ਸ੍ਵੱਯੇ (a kind of poetry).
    In English:

    • ਵ੍ਹਾਇਟ (white),
    • ਪ੍ਰੋਗ੍ਰੈਮ (program); and,
    • ਸ੍ਵੀਟ (sweet).
    Some fonts support virtually every letter but their use is very restricted.

    You need to go to this page link to see the interactive chart of sound markings
    Gurmukhi Additional markings - Introduction .:. Billie the cat[​IMG]
    #1 spnadmin, Jul 15, 2009
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 5, 2016
  2. Loading...

    Similar Threads Forum Date
    Learn Punjabi The Creation Of Gurmukhi Alphabets Language, Arts & Culture Dec 30, 2012
    Learn Punjabi Learn Gurmukhi - The Punjabi Alphabets Language, Arts & Culture Sep 16, 2009
    Learn Punjabi Gurmukhi Alphabet, Handwriting, From Billie Grosse The Font-maker Language, Arts & Culture Jul 15, 2009
    Learn Punjabi Gurmukhi Alphabet, Practice Tips, From Billie Grosse The Font-maker Language, Arts & Culture Jul 15, 2009
    Learn Punjabi Gurmukhi Alphabet, Vowels From Billie Grosse The Font-maker Language, Arts & Culture Jul 15, 2009

Since you're here... we have a small favor to ask...     Become a Supporter      ::     Make a Contribution     

Share This Page