Expressions Of Faith Mixing Two Worlds | SIKH PHILOSOPHY NETWORK
  • Welcome to all New Sikh Philosophy Network Forums!
    Explore Sikh Sikhi Sikhism...
    Sign up Log in

Expressions Of Faith Mixing Two Worlds


Jun 1, 2004
Mandeep Singh was having dinner with a friend in Queens several years ago when the subject turned to their common religion, Sikhism. Mr. Singh had grown up in India unquestioningly embracing the faith of his parents. As a college student in Delhi, he attended a gurdwara, or temple, with a congregation well into the hundreds and a paid staff of a dozen, leaving him feeling devout yet somehow peripheral.

By this time, working as a technology consultant in New York, Mr. Singh had a different sensation, not exactly unsettled but acutely curious. So when his friend mentioned that a local Sikh association had a page on Facebook, not exactly the place Mr. Singh was expecting to find religious direction, he eagerly clicked to it.

The information there, posted by the Manhattan Sikh Association, included one particular phrase that piqued Mr. Singh’s interest: “youth gurdwara.” It led him, on a Thursday night in late 2007, to the rented multipurpose room of a luxury condominium building in Battery Park City.

There, in a setting usually deployed for residents’ meetings and children’s birthday parties, white cloths covered the carpet and white sheeting obscured the mirrors. At the far end of the room sat the hooded wooden platform, or palki, that held the Sikh holy book, the Adi Granth.

What most caught Mr. Singh’s eye, though, were the other members of the congregation, or sangat. They were, like him, young professionals, the BlackBerry crowd, and as the worship service, or diwan, proceeded over the next several hours, these amateur clerics took turns leading the chanting of sacred poetry and the singing of devotional hymns.

Ever since that first visit, Mr. Singh has been a regular participant in the Manhattan Sikh Association’s diwan, which is held the third Thursday of each month. In so doing, he forms one part of the Sikh version of what religion scholars call the emergent movement, a growing trend toward small, nimble, bottom-up, laity-led congregations that especially attract young adults.

In evangelical Christian circles, the movement includes the scores of microcongregations of the Journey. The Jewish version, known as minyanim, or prayer groups, turns up in Brooklyn’s Altshul and Washington’s Tikkun Leil Shabbat, among other places. And for about 300 of the estimated 500,000 Sikhs in the United States, the diwan in Battery Park City is not your chacha’s — in Punjabi, your uncle’s — gurdwara.

“The one thing you feel here is a lot of young blood,” Mr. Singh, now 28 and working as a contracts analyst for Bloomberg LLP, said after last Thursday’s diwan. “Since everyone is your age, you can ask the naïve questions, and by asking, you can learn the underlying principles. It encourages you, because it is being done by your peers.”

Amit S. Guleria offered a similar view. At the age of 26, commuting into Manhattan daily from central New Jersey, working long hours as a construction engineer, Mr. Guleria had sought a religious experience that fit both his generation and his lifestyle.

“When you’re living the life of someone in your 20s, it gives you a different energy,” Mr. Guleria said. “When you go to a traditional gurdwara, you feel more like an observer than a participant. Here, the onus is on us. And that’s a responsibility we want to have.”

The route to such responsibility began in a Greenwich Village apartment in early 2007. The apartment belonged to Pritpal Singh Kochhar, who headed a foundation for Sikh culture and also led international trips for the Sierra Club. The population of Sikhs in the United States was steadily rising, but the American community’s spiritual leader, Yogi Bhajan, had died in 2004. In the vacuum, Mr. Kochhar believed, it was vital for Sikhs to build new congregations.

Using e-mail, social networking and old-fashioned word-of-mouth, Mr. Kochhar put together the initial 15 members of the Manhattan Sikh Association. In October 2007, it held the first diwan in Battery Park City, drawing about 50 people.

“We were wondering, Who are these people? Where are they coming from?” recalled Simi Singh, 43, a product manager at JPMorgan Chase.

The answer to Ms. Singh’s rhetorical question is that they were coming, and still are coming, from the ranks of the young, well-educated and upwardly mobile. The diwan includes doctors, lawyers, bankers, engineers, computer consultants, graduate students and at least one chef. Perhaps half are the American-born children of immigrants, half are immigrants themselves, and either way they have a foot apiece in tradition and dynamism.

For while news media coverage of Sikhs in the United States has tended to focus on controversy — bias crimes against Sikh men, who are mistaken for Muslims because of their turbans, or civil rights suits by Sikhs to allow men to wear turbans and keep beards in various workplaces — the more prevalent, day-in-day-out experience is of finessing the balance between accomplishment and assimilation.

The monthly diwan deftly navigates between heritage and modernity. When worshipers enter with bare feet and covered head, when they bow before the holy book, they are fulfilling centuries-old obligations. The service follows the time-honored sequence of readings, hymns, a discourse called katha, the distribution of the sweet sacramental food karah parshad and finally the sharing of a communal meal known as langar.

But the words of the shabads are projected from a laptop, both translated into English and transliterated phonetically for the many members who cannot read Gurmukhi, the script of the Sikh religious texts. One set of projections carries the logo “Sikh to the Max.”

The worship leaders, while literate in Gurmukhi and fluent in spoken Punjabi, are not professionals trained in one of India’s Sikh religious colleges. A shifting array of volunteers play the tabla and harmonium and sing the hymns, tasks given over in more institutional gurdwaras to specialists or paid professionals. And while a typical diwan in a conventional gurdwara might last four or five hours, this one held to its announced itinerary, finishing in two.

Its effect was no less for the punctuality. “You get peace of mind here,” said Mandeep Singh. “Even after a day of work, you get the meditative effect.”


Jun 20, 2009
I applaud them for their efforts. Faith is not something frozen in time. It is to be - has to be - a living, growing thing. Things that do not grow die. I just wish there was one around here.

Create an account or login to comment

You must be a member in order to leave a comment

Create account

Create an account on our community. It's easy!

Log in

Already have an account? Log in here.

Shabad Vichaar by SPN'ers

Ang 690 - Har Jeeo Kirapaa Karae Thaa Naam Dhhiaaeeai Jeeo | ਹਰਿ ਜੀਉ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾ ਕਰੇ ਤਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਈਐ ਜੀਉ

This shabad uses the word ਜੀਉ frequently, it is written as if Guru Ram Das is talking to a friend...

SPN on Facebook