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Discussion in 'Spiritual' started by vsgrewal48895, Jul 24, 2009.

  1. vsgrewal48895

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    Writer SPNer

    Mar 12, 2009
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    It is a serious socio political incurable malady of morality. It is and been present all over the world in all four ages and at present most prevalent in the world in one form or the other. It is a breach of formal justice and becomes injustice to the truth. The first sign of corruption in a society that is still alive is that the end justifies the means. Guru Nanak pondered over it in 16th century on the judiciary at that time in Raag Ramkali;

    ਕਾਜੀ ਹੋਇ ਕੈ ਬਹੈ ਨਿਆਇ ਫੇਰੇ ਤਸਬੀ ਕਰੇ ਖੁਦਾਇ ਵਢੀ ਲੈ ਕੈ ਹਕੁ ਗਵਾਏ ਜੇ ਕੋ ਪੁਛੈ ਤਾ ਪੜਿ ਸੁਣਾਏ
    Kājī ho­ė kai bahai ni­ā­ė. Fėrė asbī karė kuā­ė. vadī lai kai hak gavā­ė. Jė ko pucẖẖai ā pa suā­ė.

    Becoming judges, they sit and administer justice. They chant on their rosaries, and call upon God. They accept bribes, and block justice. If someone asks them, they read quotations from their books. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Ramkali, AGGS, Page, 951-15

    Corruption is defined as a lack of integrity or honesty (especially susceptibility to bribery to violate duty); use of a position of trust for dishonest personal gain- prostitution of talents or offices or services for reward- rampant among public officials in third world countries-Punjab, India- a state of progressive putrefaction, decay with an offensive odor due to moral perversion, impairment of virtue and moral principles not in accord with standards of right or good conduct. Guru Nanak ponders on it in Raag Asa during those times, which has become worse with the passage of time;

    ਦਰਸਨਿ ਦੇਖਿਐ ਦਇਆ ਨ ਹੋਇ ਲਏ ਦਿਤੇ ਵਿਣੁ ਰਹੈ ਨ ਕੋਇ ਰਾਜਾ ਨਿਆਉ ਕਰੇ ਹਥਿ ਹੋਇ ਕਹੈ ਖੁਦਾਇ ਨ ਮਾਨੈ ਕੋਇ ਮਾਣਸ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਣੀ ਕੁਤਾ ਦਰਿ ਫੁਰਮਾਨੁ ਗੁਰ ਪਰਸਾਦਿ ਜਾਣੈ ਮਿਹਮਾਨੁ ਤਾ ਕਿਛੁ ਦਰਗਹ ਪਾਵੈ ਮਾਨੁ

    arsan ėki¬ai a¬i¬ā na ho¬ė, La¬ė iė vi rahai na ko¬ė, Rājā ni¬ā¬o karė hath ho¬ė, Kahai kuā¬ė na mānai ko¬ė, Māas mūra Nānak nām, Karī kuā ar furmān, Gur parsāai mihmān, Ŧā kicẖẖargeh pāvai mān.

    Beholding the sight of the petitioner, compassion is not aroused. No one lives without give and take. The king administers justice only if his palm is greased. No one is moved by the Name of God. O Nanak, they are human beings in form and name only; by their deeds they are dogs - this is the Command of the Akal Purkh's Court. By Guru's Grace, if one sees himself as a guest in this world, then he gains honor in God’s Court. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Asa, AGGS, Page, 349 & 350

    Corruption is the abuse of power for private and personal gain. There are many kinds and types of corruption;

    • Petty corruption.
    • Grand corruption.
    • Political corruption.
    • Bureaucratic (or administrative) corruption.
    • Judicial corruption.
    • Religious corruption.
    The last one is equally prevalent in Gurudwaras where superstitious Akhand Paths are being done in rows or sold from the shelf. There are stories of Rumalas and Chandowas being resold through the dealers as the volume of these offerings cannot be handled. All types can be distinguished from one another, though all of these generate a sense of unfairness and erode inter-personal social trust. Corruption obtains when an official transfers a benefit to an individual who is not entitled to the benefit, in exchange for an illegal payment (the bribe). By taking the bribe, the official breaks a legally binding promise he gave to his ‘principal’ (usually the state) to allocate the benefit to those entitled to it. It is said that power corrupts, but actually it's truer that power attracts the corruptible but the sane are usually attracted by other things than power. The truth is that power itself does not corrupt but it is the fear of a loss of power. Guru Nanak calls these persons as Manmukh (Spiritually ignorant and morally degraded) in Raag Maru;

    ਪੜਹਿ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਪਰੁ ਬਿਧਿ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਨਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਨ ਬੂਝਹਿ ਭਰਮਿ ਭੁਲਾਨਾ ਲੈ ਕੈ ਵਢੀ ਦੇਨਿ ਉਗਾਹੀ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਕਾ ਗਲਿ ਫਾਹਾ ਹੇ

    Paeh manmuk par biḏẖ nahī jānā. Nām na būjeh baram bulānā. Lai kai vadī ėn ugāhī urma kā gal fāhā hė.

    The self-willed read and study, but they do not know the way. They do not understand the Name of the Akal Purkh; they wander, deluded by doubt. They take bribes, and give false testimony; the noose of evil-mindedness is around their necks. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Maru, AGGS, Page, 1032-11

    Corruption is neither a property of a social system or an institution, but rather an illegal exchange. Naturally, illegality makes it hard to measure corruption. A positive relation appears to exist between the extent of bribery and: the level of ‘red tape’; tiers of government; the cost of capital and investment; and the degree of regulatory discretion on the part of officials. Studies show a negative relation between corruption and economic growth.

    Questions arise that empirical regularities are no substitute for explanatory mechanisms.

    Is corruption a function of red tape or is red tape a function of corruption?

    If corruption were a function of red tape, bribes could be an efficient way to get round red tape. Contrary to this view, many argue that in the long term corruption breeds inefficiency. Also, with multiple officials and many potential bribers, corruption can generate further corruption, leading a country to fall into a ‘trap’ where bribery is pervasive e.g. India and even in West etc.

    Kabir ponders on morality and lower instincts of humans born with in Raag Suhi lalit;

    ਏਕੁ ਕੋਟੁ ਪੰਚ ਸਿਕਦਾਰਾ ਪੰਚੇ ਮਾਗਹਿ ਹਾਲਾ ਜਿਮੀ ਨਾਹੀ ਮੈ ਕਿਸੀ ਕੀ ਬੋਈ ਐਸਾ ਦੇਨੁ ਦੁਖਾਲਾ ਹਰਿਕੇ ਲੋਗਾ ਮੋ ਕਉ ਨੀਤਿ ਡਸੈ ਪਟਵਾਰੀ ਊਪਰਿ ਭੁਜਾ ਕਰਿ ਮੈ ਗੁਰ ਪਹਿ ਪੁਕਾਰਿਆ ਤਿਨਿ ਹਉ ਲੀਆ ਉਬਾਰੀ ਨਉ ਡਾਡੀ ਦਸ ਮੁੰਸਫ ਧਾਵਹਿ ਰਈਅਤਿ ਬਸਨ ਨ ਦੇਹੀ ਡੋਰੀ ਪੂਰੀ ਮਾਪਹਿ ਨਾਹੀ ਬਹੁ ਬਿਸਟਾਲਾ ਲੇਹੀ ਬਹਤਰਿ ਘਰ ਇਕੁ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਸਮਾਇਆ ਉਨਿ ਦੀਆ ਨਾਮੁ ਲਿਖਾਈ ਧਰਮ ਰਾਇ ਕਾ ਦਫਤਰੁ ਸੋਧਿਆ ਬਾਕੀ ਰਿਜਮ ਨ ਕਾਈ ਸੰਤਾ ਕਉ ਮਤਿ ਕੋਈ ਨਿੰਦਹੁ ਸੰਤ ਰਾਮੁ ਹੈ ਏਕ ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਮੈ ਸੋ ਗੁਰੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ਬਿਬੇਕ

    Ėk kot panc sikārā pancė māgeh hālā. Jimī nāhī mai kisī kī bo­ī aisā ėn ukālā. Har kė logā mo ka­o nī dasai patvārī. Ūpar bujā kar mai gur peh pukāri­ā in ha­o lī­ā ubārī. Na­o dādī as munsaf ḏẖāveh ra­ī­a basan na ėhī. Dorī pūrī māpeh nāhī baho bistālā lėhī. Bahar gar ik purak samā­i­ā un ī­ā nām likā­ī. Ḏẖaram rā▫e kā afar soḏẖi▫ā bākī rijam na kā▫ī. Sanā ka▫o ma ko▫ī ninahu san rām hai eko. Kaho Kabīr mai so gur pā▫i▫ā jā kā nā▫o bibeko.

    In the one fortress of the body, there are five lower instincts, and all five demand payment of taxes. I have not farmed anyone's land, so such payment is difficult for me to pay. O, people a person of the God, the tax-collector (Dharamraj) are constantly torturing me! Raising my arms up, I complained to my Guru, and He has saved me. The nine land-surveyors (nine sources of sensation) and the ten magistrates (10 Indries) go out; they do not allow their subjects to live in peace. They do not measure with a full tape, and they take huge amounts in bribes. The One God contained in the 72 yogic principal channels of the body, and has written off my account. The records of the Righteous Judge have been searched, and I owe absolutely nothing. Let no one slander the Saints, because the Saints and the God are as one. Says Kabir, I have found that Guru, whose Name is Clear Understanding. -----Kabir, Raag Suhi Lalait, AGGS, Page, 793


    Corruption is a socio-political and moral pathology feeding on bribery, despair, human suffering, apathy, and spiritual ignorance. It has much the same effect on the development of a nation that cancer has on the life of a biological organism. Large-scale corruption is supported by power networks. Large-scale corruption is an emergent social process. The same governing factors that sustain large-scale corruption are in direct opposition to efforts to promote development. While extracting wealth, corrupt power networks generated waste, reduced production, and caused acrimony on the part of the victims. In the final analysis corruption is a tree, whose branches are of an immeasurable length spreading every where and the dew that drops from them has infected chairs and stools of authority.

    Virinder S. Grewal
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