The Truth of Ragmala

Dr Karminder Singh

Sep 4, 2009
Ragmala is the name of a composition that is found on the final page (1430) of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS). It consists of 10 paragraphs. The style of compositions found within the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is such that the writer of every verse is specified within the composition, But such is not the case with Ragmala. There is no indication anywhere within Ragmala if it is composed by any Guru, Bhagat or any of the 35 writers of the SGGS. This article thus explores the truth of Ragmala, its origins and its substantive content.

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swarn bains

Apr 9, 2012
good that you raised the subject of Ragmala.
Alam wrote the book madhavnal kam kandla. in it when madhavnam comes to meet kam kandla he sings ragmala in chaupai. but it mentions many ragas which are not in alam;'s book. there is no raag in alams book. that means it is not his own version because he does not know about raagas. once again there is no raag in alam's boooook . so where did he get the raagas. he stole it from somewhere. there are two types of religions in the world.first ones are the those who interpret faith from the brain. the western religions fall in that catagory. the second ones are those who interprete faith from the mind. hindu, sikh and sufis are these religions. to interpret a religion from the brain is very easy. it is just the contradictory questions and answers from the brain. it has nothing to do with godliness. you fall in the same catagory sir. sikh religion is based on straightening your mind through gurus teachings. according to Karir. there is two type of God one who created the creationa dn bestows slvation. salvation is not in your dictionary. the second God is the guru who who knows the the path to become divine. the entire sggs deals with this. According to my thinking Alam stole the ragmala from sggs when the sikhs were on hard times. Alam came after the sggs was written. you mention that there is difference in some or many words used. it is due to the language difference. Ragmal is a poetry. the poetry in sggs comes from the mind. it comes once and if you do not write it gets lost. there are some raags whcih are in the sggs but not in ragmala. but there is no raag in alam's book mdhavnal kam kandla. while witing a poetry the words which come to the mind at that time are written. in that case some raags are missed from ragmala buy guru arjan dev jee. the people who think from the brain , they are saying" how come there are not all the raags in ragmala which are written in sggs. yet Alam has no raags in his book. people like you sir who use brain to contradict ragmala reject the composition because it does not mention all the raags in sggs. and yet they accept the concept of alam who has no raag in it. they pretend that alam wrote it before sggs was written. i say that alam stole it and wrote it after sggs was written. Every writing in sggs is gurbani then why not ragmala. the reason is that sikhs interpret it from the brain like western religions. they translate that God has six raags (wives) and each raag has eigh sons total 48. who are those wives and who are those sons. do you know sir ?. ਖਸਟ ਰਾਗ ਉਨ ਗਾਏ ਸੰਗ ਰਾਗਨੀ ਤੀਸ. ਸਭੈ ਪੁੱਤਰ ਗਾਗਨ ਕੇ ਆਠਾਰਹ ਦਸ ਬੀਸ. it actually means that six major tunes along with sub tunes total 30 have been sung. all are the sons of God the creator or raagan whether eighteen ten or twenty. that maakes it 48. it is done to complement the stanza ਸੰਗ ਰਾਗਨੀ ਤੀਸ, ਆਠਾਰਹ ਦਸ ਬੀਸ. All those who claim that some one put it in the sggs taking it from alams book madhavnal kaam kandla are totally wrong. they are interpretting from the brain. here it is from the mind.
God is the musician and the world isw his music. that is how it is interpreted here.

ੴ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥

There is one God. He is realized by guru’s grace.

ਰਾਗ ਏਕ ਸੰਗਿ ਪੰਚ ਬਰੰਗਨ ॥ਸੰਗਿ ਅਲਾਪਹਿ ਆਠਉ ਨੰਦਨ ॥

There is one tune (God). The whole world sings His

praise in classical Tunes in the group of five;

ਪ੍ਰਥਮ ਰਾਗ ਭੈਰਉ ਵੈ ਕਰਹੀ ॥

The first major tune is Raag Bhairao (Devotee’s tune).

Page 1430

ਪੰਚ ਰਾਗਨੀ ਸੰਗਿ ਉਚਰਹੀ ॥

It sings the praise of God in a group of five including other sub tunes.

ਪ੍ਰਥਮ ਭੈਰਵੀ ਬਿਲਾਵਲੀ ॥

First sub tunes in the group is Bhairavee, and Bilaavalee;

ਪੁੰਨਿਆਕੀ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਬੰਗਲੀ ॥

Your praises are sung in melodious tunes.

ਪੁਨਿ ਅਸਲੇਖੀ ਕੀ ਭਈ ਬਾਰੀ ॥

Then comes the turn of other truthful tunes;

ਏ ਭੈਰਉ ਕੀ ਪਾਚਉ ਨਾਰੀ ॥

These are the five tunes of major tune Bhairao.

ਪੰਚਮ ਹਰਖ ਦਿਸਾਖ ਸੁਨਾਵਹਿ ॥

All five sing Your praises joyfully in godly tunes.

ਬੰਗਾਲਮ ਮਧੁ ਮਾਧਵ ਗਾਵਹਿ ॥੧॥

Singing your praises in beautiful tunes full of melody; ||1||

ਲਲਤ ਬਿਲਾਵਲ ਗਾਵਹੀ ਅਪੁਨੀ ਅਪੁਨੀ ਭਾਂਤਿ

Tunes Lalat and Bilaaval - each have their own melody.

ਅਸਟ ਪੁਤ੍ਰ ਭੈਰਵ ਕੇ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਗਾਇਨ ਪਾਤ੍ਰ ॥੧॥

Everyone is the son of Bhairav (God). Sings your praise with devotion! ||1||

ਦੁਤੀਆ ਮਾਲਕਉਸਕ ਆਲਾਪਹਿ ॥ਸੰਗਿ ਰਾਗਨੀ ਪਾਚਉ ਥਾਪਹਿ ॥

Second major tune is Maalakausak (Acquired knowledge)

also sing Your praises in the group of five tunes!

ਗੋਂਡਕਰੀ ਅਰੁ ਦੇਵਗੰਧਾਰੀ ॥ਗੰਧਾਰੀ ਸੀਹੁਤੀ ਉਚਾਰੀ ॥

Gondakaree and Dev Gandhaaree sing Your praises in loud voice.

ਧਨਾਸਰੀ ਏ ਪਾਚਉ ਗਾਈ ॥ਮਾਲ ਰਾਗ ਕਉਸਕ ਸੰਗਿ ਲਾਈ ॥

Including Dhanaasaree and maal raag in the group of Maalakausak;

ਮਾਰੂ ਮਸਤਅੰਗ ਮੇਵਾਰਾ ॥ਪ੍ਰਬਲਚੰਡ ਕਉਸਕ ਉਭਾਰਾ ॥

Maaroo tune is devotional tune of Maiwar sung emotionally in the group.

ਖਉਖਟ ਅਉ ਭਉਰਾਨਦ ਗਾਏ ॥ਅਸਟ ਮਾਲਕਉਸਕ ਸੰਗਿ ਲਾਏ ॥੧॥

The devotional singers sing their best. Every

one is the son of Maalakausak (God). ||1||

ਪੁਨਿ ਆਇਅਉ ਹਿੰਡੋਲੁ ਪੰਚ ਨਾਰਿ ਸੰਗਿ ਅਸਟ ਸੁਤ ॥

Then comes Hindol (joy); all sing Your praises in the group of five.

ਉਠਹਿ ਤਾਨ ਕਲੋਲ ਗਾਇਨ ਤਾਰ ਮਿਲਾਵਹੀ ॥੧॥

They sing in harmony to the best of their ability. ||1||

ਤੇਲੰਗੀ ਦੇਵਕਰੀ ਆਈ ॥ਬਸੰਤੀ ਸੰਦੂਰ ਸੁਹਾਈ ॥

Then, comes Taylangee the music of gods; it is sung

with best attire including saffron on forehead.

ਸਰਸ ਅਹੀਰੀ ਲੈ ਭਾਰਜਾ ॥ਸੰਗਿ ਲਾਈ ਪਾਂਚਉ ਆਰਜਾ ॥

The universe blooms and becomes green O brother;

here also Your praises are sung in the group of five tunes.

ਸੁਰਮਾਨੰਦ ਭਾਸਕਰ ਆਏ ॥ਚੰਦ੍ਬਿੰਬ ਮੰਗਲਨ ਸੁਹਾਏ ॥

The singers come well dressed wearing mascara, scent of

sandalwood on the forehead and wearing the sacred thread.

ਸਰਸਬਾਨ ਅਉ ਆਹਿ ਬਿਨੋਦਾ ॥ਗਾਵਹਿ ਸਰਸ ਬਸੰਤ ਕਮੋਦਾ ॥

The whole atmosphere fills with joy, they sing Your

praises in tune basant with musical instruments.

ਅਸਟ ਪੁਤ੍ਰ ਮੈ ਕਹੇ ਸਵਾਰੀ ॥

God pervades all.

ਪੁਨਿ ਆਈ ਦੀਪਕ ਕੀ ਬਾਰੀ ॥੧॥

Then comes the turn Deepak (enlightenment); ||1||

ਕਛੇਲੀ ਪਟਮੰਜਰੀ ਟੋਡੀ ਕਹੀ ਅਲਾਪਿ ॥

Todee tune is sung with lot of zest in the group of five tunes.

ਕਾਮੋਦੀ ਅਉ ਗੂਜਰੀ ਸੰਗਿ ਦੀਪਕ ਕੇ ਥਾਪਿ ॥੧॥

Goojree tune is sung with musical instruments in the group of major tune Deepak. ||1||

ਕਾਲੰਕਾ ਕੁੰਤਲ ਅਉ ਰਾਮਾ ॥ਕਮਲਕੁਸਮ ਚੰਪਕ ਕੇ ਨਾਮਾ ॥

The ugly the beautiful and devotees of God;

all are the children of the same flower The God.

ਗਉਰਾ ਅਉ ਕਾਨਰਾ ਕਲਿਆਨਾ ॥ ਅਸਟ ਪੁਤ੍ਰ ਦੀਪਕ ਕੇ ਜਾਨਾ ॥੧॥

Tune Gauraa, Kaanaraa and Kaylaanaa; all are the son of Deepak tune (God). ||1||

ਸਭ ਮਿਲਿ ਸਿਰੀਰਾਗ ਵੈ ਗਾਵਹ ॥ਪਾਂਚਉ ਸੰਗਿ ਬਰੰਗਨ ਲਾਵਹਿ ॥

All join and sing Siree Raag (tune to honor God) that also is sung in the group of five.

ਬੈਰਾਰੀ ਕਰਨਾਟੀ ਧਰੀ ॥ਗਵਰੀ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਆਸਾਵਰੀ

Bairaaree is tune of Karnaatka. The Aasaavaree is sung in a simple tune.

ਤਿਹ ਪਾਛੈ ਸਿੰਧਵੀ ਅਲਾਪੀ ॥ਸਿਰੀਰਾਗ ਸਿਉ ਪਾਂਚਉ ਥਾਪੀ ॥੧॥

Then follows tune Sindhavee; It is also part of the group of tune siree Raag. ||1||

ਸਾਲੂ ਸਾਰਗ ਸਾਗਰਾ ਅਉਰ ਗੋਂਡ ਗੰਭੀਰ ॥

Deep tune Saarag is sung in deep devotion and tune Gond is serious.

ਅਸਟ ਪੁਤ੍ਰ ਸ੍ਰੀਰਾਗ ਕੇ ਗੁੰਡ ਕੁੰਭ ਹਮੀਰ ॥੧॥

Everyone is son of Siree Raag (God) whether

named Gund, Kumb or Hameer. ||1||

ਖਸਟਮ ਮੇਘ ਰਾਗ ਵੈ ਗਾਵਹਿ ॥ਪਾਂਚਉ ਸੰਗਿ ਬਰੰਗਨ ਲਾਵਹਿ ॥

The sixth major tune is Maygh Raag. (tune of guru’s grace)

Also sung in the group of five tunes!

ਸੋਰਠਿ ਗੋਂਡ ਮਲਾਰੀ ਧੁਨੀ ॥

The tunes Sorath, Gond, and Malaar are part of Mayagh raag.

ਪੁਨਿ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਆਸਾ ਗੁਨ ਗੁਨੀ ॥

Including Aasaa that is sung in slow rhythm in the head;

ਊਚੈ ਸੁਰਿ ਸੂਹਉ ਪੁਨਿ ਕੀਨੀ ॥ ਮੇਘ ਰਾਗ ਸਿਉ ਪਾਚਉ ਚੀਨੀ ॥੧॥

All sung in devotion loudly and form

part of the group of five the Maygh Raag. ||1||

ਬੈਰਾਧਰ ਗਜਧਰ ਕੇਦਾਰਾ ॥ਜਬਲੀਧਰ ਨਟ ਅਉ ਜਲਧਾਰਾ ॥

The salty land, jungles, the religious shrines, the

land of warriors and the land of rivers;

ਪੁਨਿ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਸੰਕਰ ਅਉ ਸਿਆਮਾ ॥

Everywhere the devotees and the prophets sing Your praises.

ਮੇਘ ਰਾਗ ਪੁਤ੍ਰਨ ਕੇ ਨਾਮਾ ॥੧॥

Those are the names of the sons of Maygh Raag. (God)

ਖਸਟ ਰਾਗ ਉਨਿ ਗਾਏ ਸੰਗਿ ਰਾਗਨੀ ਤੀਸ ॥

Six major tunes have been sung including the sub tunes

totaling thirty in Your admiration. One more added later.

ਸਭੈ ਪੁਤ੍ਰ ਰਾਗੰਨ ਕੇ ਅਠਾਰਹ ਦਸ ਬੀਸ ॥੧॥੧॥

All are sons of the Creator of music (God)

whether eighteen, ten or twenty. ||1||1||
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Gyani Jarnail Singh

Sawa lakh se EK larraoan
Jul 4, 2004
Kavi Alam's Book "has NO Raags"....?? Its NOT in any Raag..its a TALE involving expert sin raags, dances, musical instruments etc etc. The SGGS is in Raag...all 31 of them. Shakespeare writes..IF MUSIC be the FOOD of on....but his book has neither MUSIC, Nor FOOD nor LOVE. He is just talking about 2 lovers engaging in.... 2. SIKHI is the ONLY "WAY OF LIFE"...Gaadee Rah...GURMAT ...that encourages QUESTIONS..."Kicchh kaheeyah kicch sunneyeha NANAK"... UTTAR DEEJEH..ROSS NA KEEJEH....QUESTIONS CAN ONLY BE ASKED BY THE MIND...NOT BLIND FAITH !! (SKHI IS not A "religion..AND iIS NOT blind faith based AT ALL) IN SIDDH GHOSHAT GURU NANAK JI WAS ASKED QUESTIONS..HE ANSWERED EVERY SINGLE ONE...ALL other religions BAN all questions as BLASPHEMY !! Adherents must have BLIND FAITH and keep their MOUTHS SHUT.