Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh, I am really intrigued by an idea that is forming from reading Gurbani, that Guru Nanak describes an epistemology that is actually somewhere in between rationalism and empiricism but more like a unique kind of empiricism. I realize this may not be as exciting to most people as it is to me, and if it's old news, please point me toward that old news!! But if there are some philosophy buffs here they may enjoy this idea. A rationalist would look to reason and analysis, using one's mind to determine whether or not God exists. An empiricist would make observations about the world and show evidence that God exists. But Guru Nanak seems to me to put forth the idea that we know the Creator through an intrinsic awareness. And that our connection to the Creator can be cultivated through an inner process, through Simran and contemplation of the Guru's Shabad. This doesn't seem to me like rationalism, because it doesn't require logical analysis and reason, in fact I believe Guru Nanak is explicitly not advocating that path. It seems more like empiricism, and putting our senses to work - but not in the ordinary way. For example, listening is not simply listening, but deep listening and attunement. So I am wondering if it could be undertstood to be like an empiricism that supposes an additional internal "sense" beyond our external senses, and it is through this internal "sense" that we observe that the Creator is manifest. Of course the concepts are much much more complex, but if this is a sound interpretation it could be a framework to help integrate some of the ideas that might otherwise seem disconnected, and could also help to inform people who get hung up on teleological arguments about creation and the big bang, etc.