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Opinion how the SIKH Political Power in Punjab was squandered...

Discussion in 'Punjab, Punjabi, Punjabiyat' started by Gyani Jarnail Singh, Sep 11, 2009.

  1. Gyani Jarnail Singh

    Gyani Jarnail Singh Malaysia
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    Sawa lakh se EK larraoan
    Mentor Writer SPNer Contributor

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    How the Sikh Political Power was squandered by the Badal Clan....

    Jan Sangh/BJP/CPI Marxists etc etc NEVER won more than 6% of the VOTES at any time...BUT they were given so many seats by badal....

    From: (e) Public Trusts, Charitable Endowments and Muslim Wakfs – There is no charitable endowment functioning in the Faridkot Distr


    (a) Representation of the District in the State and Union Legislatures​
    Historical Background. – Prior to the formation of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (pepsu) in 1948, Faridkot was a full-fledged Princely State. Faridkot Town was made district headquarters of the newly formed Bathinda District, which were shifted to Bathinda in 1953. On 7 August 1972, Faridkot itself was made a district comprising the territories of tahsil Faridkot of Bathinda District and Moga and Muktsar tahsils of Firozpur District. Prior to the formation of pepsu, the rulers of the Princely State never countenanced political awakening among their subjects and put down any agitation in the political field with iron-hand. In doing so, the Raja of the Princely State had full support of the British Government.
    But still the patriots in these feudal pockets did raise their heads and contributed their mite in the national struggle for Independence. Many movements were launched under different names, such as Jaito Morcha, Namdhari Agitation, etc. and scores of Patriots laid down their lives in the process of bringing and encouraging political awakening. For this purpose, they organized praja mandals whose ideology was the same as that of the Indian National Congress in the Princely State.
    After the formation of pepsu in 1948 and later on its merger into Punjab on 1 November 1956, great changes have taken place and people are now enjoying the same political, social and economic rights as are being enjoyed by the people in State.
    The Government of India Act, 1919 introduced representative Government into India. It created bicameral Central legislature and legislative Councils in the provinces. The first General Elections under the Act were held in 1920 for both the houses. This Act was replaced by the Government of India Act, 1935. A bicameral legislature was introduced in the Punjab. The legislative Assembly had life of five years. The Punjab Legislative Council was a permanent body, one third of its members retiring every third year.
    The franchise, under the aforesaid two Acts, was generally based on citizenship, residence, community, religion, race, age, sex, property, taxation, etc. Special representation was provided for commerce, industry, mining, plantation, labour, land-holders, the Punjab University, and the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. As a result, the constituencies were of diverse nature and the qualifications for membership varied accordingly, except with respect to age.
    The First General Elections under the 1935 Act were held in January 1937 and the second and last in March 1946. The second elections were delayed as the Second World War was going on.

    General Elections held under the Constitution of India. – Under the Government of India Act, 1919, the universal adult franchise had limited role to play. It was based on a high property qualifications. Persons having either an annual income of not less than Rs 10,000 to Rs 20,000 or paying land revenue of Rs 750 to Rs 5,000 were entitled to vote for the Council of States. The franchise was also bestowed for special personal qualification and varied from province to province. The payment of municipal taxes amounting to not less than Rs 15 to Rs 20 per annum or occupation or ownership of a house which could yield an annual rent of Rs 180n or assessment to income tax on an annual income of not less than Rs 2,000 to Rs 5,000 or assessment to land revenue for Rs 50 to Rs 150 per annum varying from province to province could entitled a person to be a voter for the Assembly. The Government of India. Act, 1919 did sow the seeds of communal representation in the country by earmarking constituencies for the Muslims and Sikhs, etc. Under the Act of 1935, the right to vote was extended considerably. The women and the depressed classes were also made eligible to become voters. In this way about 15 per cent of the total population of the provinces was enfranchised. It is, however, said that the Act not only retained the separate electorates for the Muslims, but also extended them to the Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans.
    The Constitution of India which came into force on 26 January 1950 has made a clean sweep of the postulate of communal electorate for all adult citizens of India. Article 326 of the Constitution provides that elections to the House of People (Lok Sabha) and to the Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) of every State shall be on the basis of universal adult franchise. Every Indian citizen, who is not less than 18 years of age, is entitles to vote if he is not, otherwise disqualified. Till 1989, nine general elections have been held in the country. The phenomenal success of these elections characterized by smooth progress of voting, is a proof of the sprit of the masses to adjust themselves to a democratic way of life.
    India, under the Constitution, is a Union of States and territories. The Constitution lays down that the members of the Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) of each State shall be chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies in the State. The Constitution does not specify the actual number of seats in a particular State Assembly. It is fixed by the Parliament under the Representation of people’s Act, 1951.
    The Punjab State had bicameral Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) and Legislative Council (Vidhan parishad), but the latter was abolished in 1969 for effecting economy in State expenditure. Thus, from 1969 the Punjab legislature is unicameral. Previously it consisted of 104 members, but its strength was raised to 117 in 1975. No person is eligible to be chosen to fill a seat in the Vidhan Sabha, unless he is a citizen of India and not less than 25 years of age and possesses such other qualifications as prescribed in the Representation of People Act, 1951 and also does not suffer from any of the stipulated disqualifications.
    Till 1992, 10 general elections have been conducted in the Faridkot District. A brief account of these elections is given below:

    First General Elections, 1951-52. – The First General Elections in the country after the adoption of Indian Constitution were held in 1951-52. These elections were also held in the PEPSU of which Faridkot was a part. Franchise was thrown open to every adult not suffering from any disqualification otherwise.

    Parliamentary Constituency

    At the time of the first General Elections in 1951-52 the area of present Faridkot District fell in the Bathinda and Firozpur districts. Tahsil Faridkot was a part of the Bathinda District. There was on (double member) parliamentary Constituency in the Bathinda District viz. Kapurthala-Bathinda. It was created to elect one member from amongst the general and the other from reserved category of candidates. The area of Kapurthala District was also clubbed with it. Both the seats of this constituency were captured by the Akali candidates. The total number of valid votes polled by each of the contesting party was as under:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Akali Dal
    3,96,690
    45.94
    Congress
    2,74,815
    31.75
    Socialist
    38,222
    4.47
    Jan Sangh
    37,345
    4.37
    Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party
    33,613
    3.85
    Forward Block
    31,081
    3.65
    [​IMG]Independents
    Total
    51,507
    8,63,273
    5.97
    100,00

    Moga and Muktsar tahsils of the present Faridkot District formed part of the Firozpur District. In 1951-52, there were two Parliamentary constituencies in the District viz. Fazilka-Sirsa and Firozpur-Ludhiana (double member constituency) and these constituencies consisted of 3,60,933 and 7,64,171 electors respectively. Some area of the Fazilka-sirsa constituency fell into the sirsa District (Now in the Haryana State), Faridkot and Bathinda Districts, whereas the Firozpur-Ludhiana (double member) constituency had included some area of Faridkot and Ludhiana districts. The candidate elected from the Fazilka-Sirsa Parliamentary constituency had affiliation with the Congress, whereas both of those elected from the double member Firozpur-Ludhiana parliamentary Constituency had party affiliation with the Akali Dal. The number of votes polled by the different political parties was as follows:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Indian National Congress
    3,59,282
    35.1
    Akali Dal
    3,58,519
    34.9
    Independents
    1,79,616
    17.5
    Scheduled Castes Federation
    1,16,057
    11.3
    Jan Sangh
    12,672
    1.2
    Total
    10,26,146
    100.00

    Punjab Legislative Assembly Constituencies

    There were 5 Assembly Constituencies consisting of 7 seats (two constituencies being double member) in the area now forming part of Faridkot District viz. Mehna, Bagha Purana, Moga-Dharmkot (double member), Muktsar and Kot Bhai (double member). From these constituencies 5 Akali Dal, 1 Communist and 1 Lal Communist Party candidates were declared elected. The total number of electors in these constituencies was 3,80,712.


    The number of valid votes polled by each contesting party is given hereunder:
    Name of the party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Akali Dal
    1,03,909
    31.24
    Independents
    76,551
    23.01
    Congress
    68,879
    20.71
    Communist
    23,338
    7.02
    Jan Sangh
    19,210
    5.77
    Scheduled Castes Federation
    12,842
    3.86
    Forward Bloc
    9,695
    2.91
    Lal Communist Party
    9,038
    2.71
    Socialist
    8,665
    2.61
    Depressed Classes league
    533

    Total
    3,32,660
    100.00

    PEPSU Legislative Assembly Constituencies

    There were 2 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies consisting of 3 Seats now forming the part of the district viz. Faridkot and Kot Kapura-Jaito (double member).

    Second General Elections to the pepsu Legislative Assembly, 1954. – The First General Elections to the Normally the Assembly should have had a term of five years in accordance with the provisions of Article 172 (1) of the Constitution. The Legislative Assembly of the PEPSU was dissolved on 4 March 1953, by the President under Article 356 of the Constitution. The President assumed to himself all functions of the President assumed to himself al functions of the Government and powers vested in or exercisable by the Rajparmukh of the State. Para (c) (iv) of the proclamation announced that general elections for constituting a new Legislative Assembly for the State would be held as soon as possible after the would be held as soon as possible after the Delimitation Commission had finally delimited the constituencies for elections to the Legislative Assembly of the State. The Delimitation Commission delimited the constituencies on the basis of the population figures of the 1951 Census. The report of the Delimitation Commission containing the delimitation of constituencies in the PEPSU was published on 15 September 1953 and the general elections to the Vidhan Sabha of the erstwhile PEPSU were held in February 1954.


    PEPSU Legislative Assembly Constituencies

    Faridkot, Kot Kapura and Jaito now form part of the Faridkot District. From these constituencies, 2 Congress and 1 Independent candidate were declared elected. The total number of electors in these constituencies was 1,00,470. The total number of valid votes polled by each of the contesting parties was as under:
    Name of the party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Indian National Congress
    26,660
    39.11
    Akali Dal (Master Group)
    18,696
    27.43
    Independents
    18,408
    27.00
    Akali Dal (Roman Group)
    4,404
    6.46
    Total
    68,168
    100.00

    Second General Elections, 1957. – By virtue of the State Reorganisation Act 1956, the erstwhile States of Punjab and the PEPSU were merged into one and the new State of Punjab (after merger) came into existence on 1 November 1956. Before merger the Legislative Assemblies of Punjab and PEPSU States had 126 and 60 seats respectively. On the amalgamation of Vidhan Sabhas of these States, the strength of the Vidhan Sabha of two States was fixed at 154. This necessitated fresh delimitation of constituencies which was effected under the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1956 in December 1956. The sitting members of the respective Vidhan Sabhas became members of the new Vidhan Sabha of the new State till the delimitation of constituencies was completed. The period for conducting elections was fixed from 24 February to 14 March. Voting for most of the Assembly Constituencies was completed in the single eye or in a very few cases, in two days, instead of being spread over a number of days. The counting of polled votes was also taken-up from the next day of polling.

    Lok Sabha Constituency


    At the time of Second General Elections, Faridkot was a tahsil of the Bathinda District. The area now forming Faridkot District had no Parliamentary Constituency. The present area of the Faridkot District was attached to three Parliamentary Constituencies viz. Firozpur (Muktsar Tahsil), Ludhiana (Moga Tahsil, Faridkot Kanungo Circle and Patwar Circle Nos. 1 to 9 and 16 in Kot Kapura Kanungo Circle in Faridkot Tahsil of Bathinda District) and Bathinda (Faridkot Tahsil of Bathinda District) and Bathinda (Faridkot Tahsil of Bathinda District excluding Faridkot Kanungo Circle and patwar Circles Nos. 1 to 9 and 16 in Kot Kapura Kanungo Circle in Faridkot Tahsil).

    Punjab Vidhan Sabha Constituencies


    The area now forming Faridkot District had 6 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies consisting of 8 seats (including 2 double member constituencies), viz. Malaut (one reserved for the members of Scheduled Castes), Muktsar, Moga, Bagha Purana (one reserved for the members of Scheduled Castes), Faridkot and Jaito. From these constituencies 7 congress and 1 Independent candidates were declared elected. The total number of electors in these constituencies was 7,46,009. The total number valid votes polled by each contesting party was as under:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Indian National Congress
    2,51,953
    53.34
    Communist
    1,21,778
    25.78
    Independents
    81,054
    17.16
    Jan Sangh
    17,571
    3.72
    Total
    4,72,356
    100.00

    Third General Elections, 1962. – A major improvement in the matter of elections in the State this time was with regard to the period of poll. While it took nearly 19 days to complete the poll during the second general elections, the poll this time was held second general elections, the poll this time was held and completed on a single day i.e. on 24 February throughout the State except in Kulu and Seraj (now in Himachal Pradesh) constituencies where on account of the areas being snow bound and inaccessible, the poll was deferred and held later towards the end of the April. Punjab was the only State which had the distinction of having a single day poll both for the Parliamentary and Assembly elections. The balloting system of voting adopted during the last general elections was retained only in the remote and inaccessible Kulu and seraj (Now in Himachal Pradesh) constituencies. In all other constituencies in the State, the `marking system` of voting was adopted.
    In 1961, the Parliament passed the Two-member Constituencies (Abolition) Act and abolished the double member constituencies for the Legislative Assemblies as well as for the House of the People. Under the Act, the Election Commission was empowered to divided the double member constituencies into single member constituencies, delimit the extent besides reserving seats for the members of the Scheduled Castes.
    As a result of the delimitation of constituencies, Faridkot District had only one Parliamentary Constituency viz. Moga and 8 Vidhan Sabha constituencies. The task of holding elections was completed on 24 February throughout the State successfully and strictly according to the schedule. The counting of votes with respect to assembly counting of votes with respect to assembly constituencies was started on 25 February and completed on 28 February 1962 through out the State except two constituencies viz. Kulu and Seraj (Now in Himachal Pradesh).

    Lok Sabha Constituency
    The area of present Faridkot District had only one Parliamentary Constituency viz. Moga. The rest of the area was distributed among the Parliamentary Constituencies viz. Bathinda (Jaito) Firozpur (Muktsar, Malaut and Lambi). From Moga Constituency Akali Dal candidate was declared elected. The total number of electors in the constituency was 4,59,407 and the total number of valid votes polled was 3,11,705. The number of valid votes poled in favour of each contesting party was as under:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Akali Dal
    1,71,081
    54.89
    Congress
    1,80,624
    45.11
    Total
    3,11,705
    100.00

    Punjab Vidhan Sabha Constituencies

    The area which now forms part of the Faridkot District had 8 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies (including 2 reserved for the Scheduled Castes) viz. Jaito, Faridkot, Muktsar, Malaut, Lambi (Scheduled Castes), Moga, Bagha Purana (Scheduled Castes) and Nihalsinghwala. From these constituencies, 5 Congress, 2 Communist and 1 Akali Dal candidates were declared elected. The total number on electors in these constituencies was 5,95,351. The number of valid votes polled by each contesting party is given hereunder:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Congress
    1,76,862
    45.27
    Akali Dal
    1,16,676
    29.86
    Communist
    66,065
    16.91
    Jan Sangh
    14,866
    3.81
    Independents
    11,945
    3.06
    Republican
    3,406
    0.87
    Swatantra
    873
    0.22
    Total
    3,90,693
    100.00

    Fourth General Elections, 1967. – Punjab was reorganized on 1 November 1966. Fourth General Elections were held in the country as well as in the new State of Punjab immediately after the reorganization of Punjab. The Delimitation Commission delimited the Parliamentary and Vidhan Sabha Constituencies. According to the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Vidhan Sabha Constituencies Order, 1966, the area which then formed part of the Faridkot District was part of three parliamentary and 9 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies.
    The poll throughout the State was held on a single day on 19 February 1967. The counting was started on 21 February and completed on 24 February.

    Lok Sabha Constituency
    Faridkot had no Parliamentary Constituency in 1967 General Elections. Its area was distributed among three Parliamentary Constituencies viz. Fazilka (Muktsar, Giddarbaha, Malaut, Lambi and Faridkot), Firozpur (Nihalsinghwala, Moga and Bagha Purana) and Bathinda (Kot Kapura).

    Punjab Vidhan Sabha Constituencies
    The area which now forms Faridkot District had 9 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies (including 5 reserved for the members of the Scheduled Castes) viz. Muktsar (Scheduled Castes), Giddarbaha, Malaut, Lambi (Scheduled Castes), Nihalsinghwala (Scheduled Castes), Moga, Bagha Purana (Scheduled Castes), Kot Kapura and Faridkot (Schedule Castes). From these constituencies 4 Akali Dal, 4 Congress and 1 Communist Party of India candidates were declared elected. The total number of electors in these constituencies was 5,53,374 and the total number of valid votes polled 3,70,448. The total number of valid votes polled in favour of each contesting party is given hereunder:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Congress
    1,34,209
    36.23
    Akali Dal (Sant)
    1,23,899
    33.45
    Independents
    38,648
    10.43
    Communist Party of India
    48,721
    7.75
    Jan Sangh
    23,945
    6.46
    Samyukta Socialist party
    11,433
    3.09
    Akali Dal (Master Group)
    7,376
    2.00
    Republican Party of India
    1,744
    0.47
    Swatantra Party
    473
    0.12
    Total
    3,70,448
    100.00

    Midterm Poll 1969.- During the Fourth General Elections 1967 no single party had absolute majority in the Vidhan Sabha. The political parties viz. The akali Dal (Sant Group), the Jan Sangh, the Republican Party form the United Front, which staked its claim to form the Government. The United Front Government assumed office on 8 March 1967. After sometime, the game of defections started and the Government became unstable. Defections started and the Government became unstable. Some members of the ruling United Front left the Front, formed a new group and also a new Government on 25 November 1967 with the support of the Congress legislative party and some Independents. The relationship between the Ministry and the Congress Party, its main supporter did not, however, continue to be smooth for long, and ultimately the Congress Party withdrew its support from the new Ministry which had, then to resign. As a result, a situation was created in which no single party or workable alliance of parties could provide a stable Government. In these circumstances on the recommendations of the Governor, the President’s Rule was proclaimed in the State from 23 August 1968. Thus, the Punjab Vidhan Sabha constituted in 1967 stood dissolved, necessitating midterm general elections to constitute a new Vidhan Sabha.
    The poll throughout the State was held on a single (9 February 1969). The counting was started on 10 February and completed on 11 February.
    During the midterm general elections also, the present area of the Faridkot District had 9 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies viz. Muktsar (Scheduled Castes), Giddarbaha, Malaut, Lambi (Scheduled Castes) Nihalsnghwala (Scheduled Castes), Moga, Bagha Purana, Kot Kapura and Faridkot (Scheduled Castes). From these constituencies, 4 Akali Dal (Sant), 3 Congress 1 Samyukta Socialist Party and 1 Communist party of India candidates were declared elected. The total number of electors in these constituencies was 6,01,265 out of which 4,27,671 voted. The total number of valid votes polled by each contesting party was as under:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Congress
    1,77,870
    41.59
    Akali Dal (Sant)
    1,59,805
    37.37
    Communist party of India
    34,683
    8.11
    Independents
    21,835
    5.11
    Samyukta Socialist Party
    19,878
    4.65
    Bahujan Samaj Party ​
    11,385
    2.66
    Republican Party of India ​
    931
    0.22
    Republican Party Ambedkar
    927
    0.21
    Swatantra Party
    357
    0.08

    Total
    4,27,671
    100.00





    Bye-Election to the Lambi Punjab Legislative Assembly Constituency 1969. – Election to the Lambi Assembly Constituency was held on 2 March 1969. It was necessitated due to the demise of a contesting candidate. The election to this constituency was countermanded under Section 52 of the Representation of People Act, 1951. The total number of electors in the constituency was 62,300. From this constituency Communist Party of India candidate was declared elected. The total number of valid votes polled in favour of each of the contesting parties in given hereunder:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Communist Party of India
    15,714
    41.72
    Jan Sangh
    11,385
    30.23
    Congress
    9,791
    26.00
    Independents
    417
    1.10
    Swatantra Party
    357
    0.95
    Total
    37,664
    100.00

    Fifth General Elections to the Lok Sabha, 1971. – The Fifth General Elections to the Lok Sabha were held in March 1971. The present area of the Faridkot District had no parliamentary Constituency. Its area was attached to three Parliamentary Constituencies viz. Fazilka, Firozpur and Bathinda (Scheduled Castes).
    Fifth General Elections to the Punjab Vidhan Sabha, 1972. – These elections were the result of premature dissolution of the Punjab Vidhan Sabha constituted in 1969. It was the second time after the reorganization of Punjab that president’s Rule was imposed in the State. Fifth General Elections wee held during emergency which was declared in the country during emergency which was declared in the country due to Indo-Pak conflict in 1971. The poll throughout the State was completed on 13 March 1972 and counting was completed on 13 March. The election was held under the marking system of voting. An additional feature of these elections was new design of ballot paper which was printed for the first time alonghwith counterfoil attached to it. 9 Vidhan Sabha constituencies which now form part of Faridkot District were, Muktsar (Scheduled Castes), Giddarbaha, Malaut, Lambi (Scheduled Castes), Giddarbaha, Malaut, lambi (Scheduled Castes), Nihalsinghwala (Scheduled Castes) Moga, Bagha Purana, Kot Kapura and Faridkot (Scheduled Castes). From these constituencies, 4 Congress, 3 Shiromani Akali Dal and 2 Communist Party of India candidates were declared elected. The total number of electors in these constituencies was 6,43,169, out of which 4,34,613 voted. The total number of valid votes polled in favour of each contesting party was as under:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Shiromani Akali Dal
    1,97,495
    45.44
    Indian National Congress
    1,65,158
    38.00
    Communist party of India
    43,180
    9.94
    Independents
    28,322
    6.52
    Swantantra Party
    458
    0.10
    Total
    4,34,613
    100.00

    Sixth General Elections to the Lok Sabha, 1977. – The Fifth Lok Sabha was constituted in March 1971. Prior to the enforcement of Constitution (42nd amendment) Act, 1976, the duration of Lok Sabha was five years. Thus, normally the Sixth Lok Sabha was to be elected in 1976. During the emergency, the tenure of the Lok Sabha was twice extended, each time by one year and its term stood extend to march 1978. However, the Fifth Lok Sabha was dissolved on 18 January 1977 and a general election was ordered within 2 months, which was conducted on 16 March 1977. for the first time, since Independence, the Congress party was voted out of power at the national level and a new party, the Janata Party formed the first non-Congress Government at the Centre . The Janata Party was formed out of combination of four opposition parties, the Organisation Congress, the Bhartiya Lok Dal, the Jan Sangh and the Socialist party. The Congress for Democracy also joined this block later on. The janata Party was voted into office by an overwhelming majority of electorates in the northern States.
    The Lok Sabha poll throughout the State except Firozpur Constituency was held on a single day on 16 March 1977 and the poll to the Punjab Vidhan Sabha was also held on a single day (except Anandpur Sabib Constituency) on 12 June 1977. The election was held under the marking system of voting and ballot paper with counterfoil was used. The elections to the Lok Sabha and Punjab Vidhan Sabha were held as the constituencies declared delimited by the Delimitation Commission’s Order No. 41 of 24 May 1975. According to it, there was no change made in the Lok Sabha constituencies, but the number of Punjab Vidhan Sabha constituencies was raised from 104 to 117 in the State.
    There was only one Lok Sabha Constituency in the district viz. Faridkot. The total number of electors in the district was 6,46,094. The Shiromani Akali Dal candidate won the seat. The total number of valid votes polled in favour of each contesting party in the district was as under:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Shiromani Akali Dal
    2,82,713
    58.86
    Indian National Congress
    1,82,012
    38.44
    Independents
    12,822
    2.70
    Total
    4,77,547
    100.00

    Sixth General Elections to the Punjab Vidhan Sabha, 1977. The Punjab Vidhan Sabha elected in March 1972 was normally to last upto 20 March 1977. But due to the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution, its term stood extended till March 1978. However, as it was also dissolved on 30 April 1977, the general election was held earlier.
    The Lok Sabha Elections of 1977 were not accompanied by elections to the State assemblies, whose terms of office in most cases were due to expire in 1978. The Janata Government decided to call early elections in a number of States on the plea that a climate of uncertainty had come to prevail in wake of virtual rejection in the Lok Sabha elections of the Congress candidates in several States. Consequently, the Vidhan Sabha elections in some States including Punjab were held. In Punjab, these elections were held on 12 June 1977 and completed on the same day. In the elections to the Vidhan Sabha, the Akali Dal and the Janata Party obtained majority of votes defeating the Congress. Consequently on 20 June 1977 the Akali Janata combine formed a coalition Government in the Punjab.
    There were 10 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in the district viz. Moga, Bagha Purana, Nihalsinghwala (Scheduled Castes), Panjgirain (Scheduled Castes) Kot Kapura, Faridkot, Muktsar, Giddarbaha, Malaut (Scheduled Castes) and Lambi. The total number of electors in the district was 7,68,002. From these constituencies 7 Shiromani Akali Dal, 1 Janta Party, 1 Indian National Congress and 1 Communist Party of India candidates were declared elected.
    The total number of valid votes polled by each contesting party is given below:
    Name of party
    Number of valid votes polled
    Percentage
    Shiromani Akali Dal
    2,61,362
    51.43
    Indian National Congress
    1,42,067
    27.96
    Communist party of India
    47,484
    9.35
    Janata party
    28,538
    5.63
    Independents
    28,538
    5.63
    Total
    5,08,103
    100.00
     
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