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Vaishaki 1699 and Rehit Maryada

Discussion in 'History of Sikhism' started by themonkthatgotfunk, Nov 27, 2006.

  1. themonkthatgotfunk

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    Nov 27, 2006
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    I was wondering, what exactly were the moral commands that guru gobind sing ji gave on vaishaki in 1699? how do we know what they are, do we have first hand accounts? how do these laws differ from the rehit maryada?


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  3. navroopsingh

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    Nov 15, 2006
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    As to the laws given to those that have taken Amrit on the day of 1699 was this. Source is sikhwiki.com. link following it.

    He then ordained them to do the following:
    I. First they must wear the following articles whose names begin with 'K':
    1. Kes - unshorn hair. This represents the natural appearance of sainthood. This is the first token of Sikh faith.
    2. Kanga- A comb to clean the hair.
    3. Kachha - An underwear to indicate virtuous character.
    4. Kara - A Iron bracelet on the wrist, a symbol of dedication to the Divine Bridegroom.
    5. Kirpan - A sword symbolising dignity, power and unconquerable spirit.
    II. They must observe the following guidelines:
    1. Not to remove hair from the body.
    2. Not to use Tobacco or other intoxicants (alcohol).
    3. Not to eat Kuttha meat of an animal (see Hukamnama by Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji to the Sikhs of Kabul).
    4. Not to commit adultery- 'Par nari ki sej, bhul supne hun na jayo' (never enjoy, even in dream, the bed of a woman other than your own wife) (A supplementary ordinance was issued that any one who did not observe any of the four directives, must be re- baptized, pay a fine, and promise not to offend any more; or he must be excommunicated from the Khalsa).
    III. They must rise at dawn, bathe, meditate on Gurmantar-'Waheguru', Moolmantar- the preamble of japji, and recite five banis- Japji, Jap Sahib and Swayas in the morning; Rehras in the evening; and Kirtan Sohela at bed time at night.
    IV. They must not worship idols, cemeteries, or cremation grounds, and must believe only in One Immortal God. The Guru further spelled out that they should practice arms, and never show their backs to the foe in the battle field. They should always be ready to help the poor and protect those who sought their protection. They were to consider their previous castes erased, and deem themselves all brothers of one family. Sikhs were to intermarry among themselves.
    Guru Gobind Singh - SikhiWiki, free Sikh encyclopedia.

    The rehit maryada is as follows

    Sikh Reht Maryada

    [SIZE=-1]Section One[/SIZE]


    [SIZE=-1]The Definition of Sikh :[/SIZE]​

    [SIZE=-1]Article I[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]Any human being who faithfully believes in[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]i. One Immortal Being, [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]ii. Ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak Sahib to Guru Gobind Singh Sahib,[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]iii. The Guru Granth Sahib, [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]iv. The utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus and[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]v. the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion, is a Sikh[/SIZE]

    Section Two

    [SIZE=-1]Sikh Living [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]Articles II[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]A Sikh's life has two aspects :[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]individual or personal and corporate or Panthic.[/SIZE]​

    [SIZE=-1]A Sikh's Personal Life[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]Article III[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]A Sikh's personal life should comprehend:-[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]i. Meditation on Nam (Divine Substance, also translated as the God's attributed self) and the scriptures,[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]ii. Leading life according to the Guru's teachings and[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]iii. Altruistic voluntary service.[/SIZE]​

    [SIZE=-1]Meditating on Nam (Divine Substance) and Scriptures[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]Article IV [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]1. A Sikh should wake up in the ambrosial hours (three hours before the dawn), take bath and, concentrating his/her thoughts on One Immortal Being, repeat the name Waheguru (Wondrous Destroyer of darkness). [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]2. He/she should recite the following scriptural compositions every day : [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]a. The Japu, the Jaapu and the Ten Sawayyas (Quartets) - beginning "Sarwag sudh"-- in the morning.[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]b. Sodar Rehras comprising the following compositions:- [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]i) nine hymns of the Guru Granth Sahib, occuring in the holy book after the Japuji Sahib, (The Phrase in Italic has been interpolated by the translator to help locate the hymns more conveniently.) the first of which begins with "Sodar" and the last of which ends with "saran pare ki rakho sarma", [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]ii) The Benti Chaupai of the tenth Guru (beginning "hamri karo hath dai rachha" and ending with "dusht dokh te leho bachai", [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]iii) the Sawayya beginning with the words "pae gahe jab te tumre", [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]iv) the Dohira beginning with the words "sagal duar kau chhad kai". [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]v) the first five and the last pauris (stanzas) of Anand Sahib (The object of reciting the Anand as part of Sodar Rehras or at the conclusion of the congregational gathering is just to express joy and gratitude for the communion with the Guru ) and. [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]vi) the Mundawani and the slok Mahla 5 beginning "tera kita jato nahi"- in the evening after sunset.[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1](c) The Sohila - to be recited at night before going to bed. The morning and evening recitations should be concluded with the Ardas (formal supplication litany). [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]3 (a)The text (This is a model of the Ardas. It may be adapted to different occasions and for different purposes. However, the initial composition with "Pritham Bhagauti......" and the concluding phrases commencing "Nanak Nam" must not be altered.) of the Ardas : (LIT. Supplication or prayer. in reality, It is a litany comprehending very briefly the whole gamut of Sikh History and enumerating all that Sikhism holds sacred. Portions of it are invocations and prayer for the grant of strength and virtue. It concludes with : O Nanak, may the Nam (Holy) be ever in ascendance : in Thy will, may the good of all prevail ! [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]One absolute Manifest; victory belongeth to the Wondrous Destroyer of darkness. May the might of the All-powerful help! [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]Ode to his might by the tenth lord. [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]Having first thought of the Almighty's prowess, let us think of Guru Nanak. Then of Guru Angad, Amardas and Ramdas - may they be our rescuers! Remember, then, Arjan, Hargobind and Har Rai. Meditate then on revered Har Krishan on seeing whom all suffering vanishes. Think then of Teg Bahadar, remembrance of whom brings all nine treasures. He comes to rescue every where. Then of the tenth Lord, revered Guru Gobind Singh, who comes to rescue every where. The embodiment of the light of all ten sovereign lordships, the Guru Granth - think of the view and reading of it and say, "Waheguru (Wondrous Destroyer of Darkness)". [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]Meditating on the achievement of the dear and truthful ones, including the five beloved ones, the four sons of the tenth Guru, forty liberated ones, steadfast ones, constant repeaters of the Divine Name, those given to assiduous devotion, those who repeated the Nam, shared their fare with others, ran free kitchen, wielded the sword and everlooked faults and shortcomings, say "Waheguru", O Khalsa. [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]Meditating on the achievement of the male and female members of the Khalsa who laid down their lives in the cause of Dharma (religion and righteousness), got their bodies dismembered bit by bit, got their skulls sawn off, got mounted on spiked wheels, got their bodies sawn, made sacrifices in the service of the shrines (Gurdwaras), did not betray their faith, sustained their adherence to the Sikh faith with unshorn hair uptill their last breath, say "Wondrous Destroyer of darkness", O Khalsa.[/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]Thinking of the five thrones (of sikh religious authority) and all Gurdwaras, say "Wondrous Destroyer of darkness", O Khalsa. [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]Now it is the prayer of the whole Khalsa, May the conscience of the whole Khalsa be informed by Waheguru, Waheguru, Waheguru and, in consequence of such remembrance, may total well-being obtain. Wherever there are communities of the Khalsa, may there be Divine protection and grace, the ascendance of the supply of needs and of the holy sword, Protection of the tradition of grace, victory of the Panth, the succour of the holy sword, ascendance of the Khalsa. Say, O Khalsa, "Wondrous Destroyrer of darkness." [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]Unto the Sikhs the gift of the Sikh faith, the gift of the untrimmed hair, the gift of the discipline of their faith, the gift of sense of discrimination, the gift of trust, the gift of confidence, above all, the gift of meditation on the Divine and bath in Amritsar (holy tank of Harmander Sahib, Amritsar). May hymns-singing missionary parties, the flags, the hostels, abide from age to age. May righteousness reign supreme. Say, "Wondrous Destroyer of darkness."[/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]May the Khalsa be imbued with humility and high wisdom! May Waheguru guard its understanding! [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]O Immortal Being, eternal helper of Thy panth, benevolent Lord, bestow on the Khalsa the beneficence of unobstructed visit to and free management of Nankana Sahib (Pakistan) and other shrines and places of the Guru from which the Panth has been separated.[/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]O Thou, the honour of the humble, the strength of the weak, aid unto those who have none to rely on, True Father, Wondrous Destroyer of darkness, we humbly render to you .......... (Mention here the name of the scriptural composition that has been recited or, in appropriate terms, the object for which the congregation has been held.) Pardon any impermissible accretions, omissions, errors, mistakes. Fulfil the purposes of all. [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]Grant us the association of those dear ones, on meeting whom one is reminded of Your name. O Nanak, may the Nam (Holy) be ever in ascendance! in Thy will may the good of all prevail! [/SIZE]

    [SIZE=-1]b) On the conclusion of the Ardas, the entire congregation participating in the Ardas should respectfully genuflect before the revered Guru Granth Sahib, then stand up and call out, "The Khalsa is of the Wondrous Destroyer of darkness : victory also is His." The Congregation should, thereafter, raise the loud spirited chant of Sat Sri Akal (True is the timeless Being). [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]c) While the Ardas is being performed, all men and women in congregation should stand with hands folded. The person in attendance of Guru Granth Sahib should keep waving the whisk standing. [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]d) The person who performs the Ardas should stand facing the Guru Granth Sahib with hands folded. If Guru Granth Sahib is not there, performing the Ardas facing any direction is acceptable. [/SIZE]
    [SIZE=-1]e) When any special Ardas for and on behalf of one or more persons is offered, it is not necessary for persons in the congregation other than that person or those persons to stand up. [/SIZE]

    Sikh Reht Maryada, The Definition of Sikh, Sikh Conduct & Conventions, Sikh Religion Living, India
    or you could go here for more
    Rehat Maryada - SikhiWiki, free Sikh encyclopedia.

    It was pretty much when a whole bunch of scholars of sikhi gathered to make common laws that could govern the Khalsa panth and solve various issues presenting themselves. But honestly I would personally rather follow the Hukam of the guru than those of some random scholars I don't know of. But when you read it you must understand that neither of the laws are truly followed by those who cal themselves Sikhs.

    Until we get a Hukam from some REAL sikh sant's interested in the religious side of sikhi not politics in the Akal Takht and the influence of the SGPC and government is lifted off them, only then will i follow whatever code of conduct they order. Until then, i follow only the guru.

    #2 navroopsingh, Nov 27, 2006
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 5, 2016

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