Understanding the Universe within the Body by Col Dr Dalvinder Singh Grewal The human body is a form of the universe. It has the same fundamental content as is in the universe. All the body forms are from the same God. All the bodies are from the same energy. It is the same energy in all the bodies. All the forms, figures and castes are only the figments of the mind. They are all bound with the same thread. The body is like a town; in the fortress of the town God has settled Himself. Inside the fortress of the town there are countless shops. He himself takes care of all of these. The fortress of the body can be described as consisting of the physical body, the energy body, the mind body and the soul. The physical body consists of countless body cells, bacteria, DNA, virus, genes etc., all living within each body. These all are the tiny living beings that perform their own assigned functions within the body. The physical body is not in a condition to perform without the active support of the energy body and without the guidance from the mind. The energy body is the pranic body which makes the physical body to function. More the energy more is the capacity and capability to perform. To perform rightfully in the desired direction the energy body needs to be control. The mind controls the energy body like a regulator. The mind performs this through receipt of information; analysis of the same and utilization of it for the assigned task. It has a set of veins in which the flow of controlled information to various body parts. In the physical body the blood cells are nano-robots performing the functions of carriers. These are red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Together, these ten hundred kinds of blood cells add up to a total 45% of the blood tissue by volume, with the remaining 55% of the volume composed of plasma, the liquid component of blood. Red blood cells are primarily for carrying oxygen and some carbon dioxide through the use of hemoglobin and have a lifetime of about 120 days. They also distribute the vital force to the body as required and directed. They also help control the flow of water in the body. White blood cells or leukocytes are cells of the immune system involved in defending the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials. They live for about 3 to 4 days in the average human body. Leukocytes are found throughout the body, including the blood and lymphatic system. A virus is a small infectious nano-machine that can replicate only inside the living cells of organisms. Viruses infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants to bacteria and archaea. About 5,000 viruses have been described in detail, although there are millions of different types. Viruses are found in almost every ecosystem on Earth and are the most abundant type of biological entity. Virus consist of two or three parts: the genetic material made from either DNA or RNA, long Molecules that carry genetic information; a protein coat that protects these genes; and in some cases an envelope of lipids that surrounds the protein coat when they are outside a cell. The average virus is about one one-hundredth the size of the average bacterium. Most viruses are too small to be seen directly with a light microscope DNA, RNA and protein are the smallest nano-machines. DNAs and RNA are more like compacted nano-computer. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is a nucleic acid containing the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living orgnisms (with the exception of RNA viruses). The DNA segments carrying this genetic information are called genes. DNA sequences have structural purposes, or are involved in regulating the use of this genetic information. Along with RNA and proteins, DNA is one of the three major macromolecules that are essential for all known forms of life. DNA consists of two long polymers of simple units called nucleotides, with back bones made of sugars and phosphate groups joined by ester bonds. These two strands run in opposite directions to each other and are therefore anti-parallel. Attached to each sugar is one of four types of molecules called nucleo- basis (informally, bases). It is the sequence of these four nucleo-bases along the backbone that encodes information. This information is read using the genetic code, which specifies the sequence of the amino acids within proteins. The code is read by copying stretches of DNA into the related nucleic acid RNA in a process called transcription. RNA or Ribonucleic acid is one of the three major macromolecules (along with DNA and proteins) that are essential for all known forms of life. Like DNA, RNA is made up of a long chain of components called nucleotides. Each nucleotide consists of a nucleo-base a ribose sugar, and aphosphate group. The sequence of nucleotides allows RNA to encode genetic information. All cellular organisms use messenger RNA (mRNA) to carry the genetic information that directs the synthesis of proteins. In addition, many viruses use RNA instead of DNA as their genetic material. Some RNA molecules play an active role in cells by catalyzing biological reactions, controlling gene expression, or sensing and communicating responses to cellular signals. One of these active processes is protein synthesis, a universal function whereby mRNA molecules direct the assembly of proteins on ribosomes. This process uses transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules to deliver amino acids to the ribosome, where ribosomal RNA (rRNA) links amino acids together to form proteins. The chemical structure of RNA is very similar to that of DNA, with two differences: (a) RNA contains the sugar ribose, while DNA contains the slightly different sugar deoxyribose (a type of ribose that lacks one oxygen atom), and (b) RNA has the nucleobaseuracil while DNA contains thymine. Unlike DNA, most RNA molecules are single-stranded and can adopt very complex three-dimensional structures. Proteins are the nano-catalysing machines that are essential parts of organisms and participate in virtually every process within cells. Many proteins are enzymes that catalyse biochemical reactions and are vital to metabolism. Proteins also have structural or mechanical functions, such as actin and myosin in muscle and the proteins in the cytoskeleton, which form a system of scaffolding that maintains cell shape. Other proteins are important in cell signaling, immune responses, cell adhesion and the cell cycle. Proteins are also necessary in animals' diets, since animals cannot synthesize all the amino acids they need and must obtain essential amino acids from food. Through the process of digestion, animals break down ingested protein into free amino acids that are then used in metabolism. Bacteria are a large domain of prokaryotic microrganisms. There are approximately ten times as many bacterial cells in the human flora as there are human cells in the body, with large numbers of bacteria on the skin and as gut flora. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a wide range of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. Bacteria are present in most habitats on Earth, growing in soil, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste, water, and deep in the Earth’s crust, as well as in organic matter and the live bodies of plants and animals, providing outstanding examples of mutualism in the digestive tracts of humans, termites and cockroaches. There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in a millilitre of fresh water; in all, there are approximately five nonillion (5×1030) bacteria on Earth, forming a biomass that exceeds that of all plants and animals. Bacteria are vital in recycling nutrients, with many steps in nutrient cycles depending on these organisms, such as the fixation of nitrogen from the atmosphere and putrefaction. In the biological communities surrounding hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, bacteria provide the nutrients needed to sustain life by converting dissolved compounds such as hydrogen sulphide and methane. The vast majority of the bacteria in the body are rendered harmless by the protective effects of the immune system and a few are beneficial. However, a few species of bacteria are pathogenic and cause infectious diseases. The universe within our body is thus beyond our count or even beyond our imagination. However realizing the dependency of one part on the other is also very important. The body parts function as per the directions of the mind; conveyed through the various cells to the DNAs who further activate the parts to perform. The mind however, is not the sole controller of the body. The mind is controlled by the soul. The soul is a minuscule of the Grand soul prevalent in the entire universe. It helps to understand the Grand soul. Soul and Grand soul have a permanent link. The orders received from the Grand soul to the soul and conveyed to the body through the mind. The final control of the soul lies with the Grand soul and control of the mind lies with the soul. The mind controls the energy system of the body which energizes and moves the body as per received direction. This grand link of Grand Soul---soul----mind----energy body------physical body provides a continuity of control. The soul controls and harmonizes the mind and the body and directs to the Grand soul wherefrom we get the knowledge of the universe outside. Inside and outside there is the same fundamental content and in continuity. We must understand within, understanding the soul first and then look out thereafter to understand the universe. The entire universe thus can be understood from within since this lookout is the realization that whatever is in the universe is within our bodies as well.