" Leave the Valley or Convert to Islam" This is the diktat issued by the separatists to Kashmiri Sikhs who are sons-of-the-soil Kashmiris. Sikh history is replete with similar diktats. Earlier the Kashmiri pundits, around 400,000, were similarly hounded out of their homes in the 1990s. The authorities have not been able to do anything to facilitate their return to their hearths and homes. The matter (of the Sikhs) was raised in the Indian Parliament on 21 Aug'10 and the Home Minister issued the assurance that the Govt of J&K has promised to provide safety and security to the Kashmiri Sikhs. Assurances such as these are politically correct statements only and, even with the best intentions of the State and Central Governments, can in no way be implemented on ground. It thus devolves upon the Sikh communities, both Indian and International, to come up with ways and means to safe guard their Kashmiri brothers. There are roughly 60,000 Sikhs in Kashmir out of a total population of around 600,000, and they have publicly stated their intention of staying put and, if it comes to that, fighting to the last man. What can and should Sikhs do?