I was reading T. Singh Ji's article The Guru: Meaning and Business of the Guru (available here), when I came upon this paragraph: As discussed in detail in Part 1 of this Reflection, whenever there is a mention of Guru or Satguru in the Gurbani, it points only towards the non-dual Divine Principle (Shabad, Hukam, ਸਚ ਦਾ ਗਿਆਨ, etc.). Therefore, the Gurmat's Guru or Satguru or Divine Teacher is situated in the True Home within (Heart). Hence the Gurbani's Satguru neither takes birth nor dies; for he does not have material mother and father. As the Shabad is the Expression of the Satguru, hidden in the Shabad is the mystery and the Essence of this Illuminating Factor. Thus the Satguru, Raam, Gobind, Gopaal, Sahib, Sajjan, Sant, Saadh, Shabad, Naam, Bani, Hukam, Amrit (Immortality), Blissful Realm, Truth, Nij Ghar, and so on, are in essence one and the same. Do you think Satguru, Naam, Shabad, Hukam, etc. are essentially interchangable words when reading Gurbani, or are they distinct concepts? I always thought they were distinct concepts: Shabad was the Guru's message, the Naam was what you realise by understanding the Shabad, Hukam is the way life goes or the natural laws (I'm not good at expressing this yet). I look forward to the sangat's thoughts. Many thanks.