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Karma/ਕਾਰਜ

Discussion in 'Spiritual Articles' started by vsgrewal48895, Apr 3, 2009.

  1. vsgrewal48895

    vsgrewal48895
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    KARMA/ਕਾਰਜ


    ABSTRACT


    Karma contains the beginning and the end of all philosophical speculation. It demonstrates a casual relationship between the Infinite and the finite. Karma is that Infinite Power which adjusts each effect to its originating cause. The Infinite Absolute Principle’s law is blind but its justice is even-handed. No individual and no group are better than the rest of the humanity.

    ਕਰਮੁ ਧਰਮੁ ਸਚੁ ਹਾਥਿ ਤੁਮਾਰੈ ॥

    Karam Dharam Such Haath Tumaarai.

    You hold deed or action/destiny/Grace and righteousness in Your hands, O True Akal Purkh.-----Guru Nanak, Raag Maru Dakhani, AGGS, Page, 1034-5

    ਜਬ ਕਛੁ ਨ ਸੀਓ ਤਬ ਕਿਆ ਕਰਤਾ ਕਵਨ ਕਰਮ ਕਰਿ ਆਇਆ ॥ ਅਪਨਾ ਖੇਲੁ ਆਪਿ ਕਰਿ ਦੇਖੈ ਠਾਕੁਰਿ ਰਚਨੁ ਰਚਾਇਆ ॥

    Jab kacẖẖ na sī­o ṯab ki­ā karṯā kavan karam kar ā­i­ā. Apnā kẖėl āp kar ḏėkẖai ṯẖākur racẖan racẖā­i­ā.

    When nothing existed, what deeds were being done? And what karma caused anyone to be born at all? The Creator Itself set Its play in motion, and Itself beholds the created Creation. -----Guru Arjan, Raag Suhi, AGGS, Page, 748-14

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    Karma is defined as;

    (i) Action or Deed.

    (ii) Fortune or destiny.

    (iii) Grace (ਕੰਮ, ਅਮਲ, ਕਰਨੀ, ਕਰਤੱਬ, ਕਰਤੱਵ, ਕਾਰਜ, ਕਿਰਿਆ, ਕਿਰਤ-ਕਮਾਈ, ਅਮਲਾਂ ਦਾ ਲੇਖਾ, ਚੰਗੇ ਭਾਗ, ਕਿਸਮਤ).

    The Infinite, Single Absolute Principle is manifesting everywhere (Immanent) all the time (ਨਿਰੰਤਰ). All that has happened is happening or will happen in the future (Karma) is governed by one rule of existence, which is fair and even-handed. Guru Nanak in Raag Gauri poner that every thing is contained in Thy Name;

    ਨਾ ਜਾਣਾ ਕਰਮ ਕੇਵਡ ਤੇਰੀ ਦਾਤਿ ॥ ਕਰਮੁ ਧਰਮੁ ਤੇਰੇ ਨਾਮ ਕੀ ਜਾਤਿ ॥

    Nā jāṇā karam kevad ṯerī ḏāṯ. Karam ḏẖaram ṯere nām kī jāṯ.

    I know not the extent of Thy Grace and Thy Blessings; Ritual actions, performance of duty and caste distinction lie in the devotion to Thy Name. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Gauri, AGGS, Page, 154-2

    Bhagat Namdev poses a question about Karma in Ramkali mode, at the beginning of creation:

    ਮਾਇ ਨ ਹੋਤੀ ਬਾਪੁ ਨ ਹੋਤਾ ਕਰਮੁ ਨ ਹੋਤੀ ਕਾਇਆ ॥ ਹਮ ਨਹੀ ਹੋਤੇ ਤੁਮ ਨਹੀ ਹੋਤੇ ਕਵਨੁ ਕਹਾਂ ਤੇ ਆਇਆ ॥ ਸਾਸਤੁ ਨ ਹੋਤਾ ਬੇਦੁ ਨ ਹੋਤਾ ਕਰਮੁ ਕਹਾਂ ਤੇ ਆਇਆ ॥

    Maaey Na Hotee Baap Na Hota Karam Na Hotee Kaa-eaa, Ham Nahee Hotay Tum Nahee Hotay Kavan Kahaan Tay Aa-eaa, Saasat Na Hota Bayd Na Hota Karam Kahaan Tay Aa-eaa.

    When there was no mother, father, our actions or even the human body and no one existed then where was this human being? How was he born? When there were neither Shaastras nor Vedas, where did destiny come from? -----Bhagat Namdev, Raag Ramkali, AGGS, Page, 973

    Karma directly demonstrates eternal expression of God’s Will. Karma makes divinity of the Infinite comprehensible to the finite man. It sublimates the infinite justice of the eternal compassion. It is born through the law of cause and effect, acting under its divine guidance and mercy. Karma is neither good nor evil. It stands as the Will of the most High.

    Karma also denotes good deeds in the present and the grace of God.

    ਵਿਣੁ ਕਰਮਾ ਕਿਛੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਨਾਹੀ ਜੇ ਬਹੁਤੇਰਾ ਧਾਵੈ ॥

    Vin Karma Kich Paaee-aa Naahee Jay Bahutayra Dhavai.

    Without good deeds, nothing is obtained, although one may run around frantically. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Tilang, AGGS, Page, 722-9

    ਜੇ ਬਹੁਤੇਰਾ ਲੋਚੀਐ ਵਿਣੁ ਕਰਮੈ ਨ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾਇ ॥

    Jay Bauhtayra Lochee-ai Vin Karmai Na Paaee-aa Jaaey.

    No matter how much one may wish, without the Akal Purkh's Grace, It is not found.-----Guru Amardas, Gujri Ki Var, AGGS, Page, 516-2

    ਹਮਰੀ ਜਾਤਿ ਪਤਿ ਸਚੁ ਨਾਉ ॥ਕਰਮ ਧਰਮ ਸੰਜਮੁ ਸਤ ਭਾਉ ॥

    Hamrī jāṯ paṯ sacẖ nā▫o. Karam Dharam Sanjam Sat Bhaou.

    The True Name is my social status and honor. The love of the Truth is my karma and righteouness - my faith and my actions, and my self-control. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Asa, AGGS, Page, 353-4

    Thus Karma is a great teacher. It teaches man patience, confidence and self-reliance. One can also learn restraint, responsibility, and love for the others through Karma. It also holds lessons on forgiveness, compassion, and renunciation of selfish life.
    The manifested universe and karma run in cycles with Akjal Purkh’s Will.

    ਤੁਧੁ ਆਪੇ ਸ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਸਭ ਉਪਾਈ ਜੀ ਤੁਧੁ ਆਪੇ ਸਿਰਜਿ ਸਭ ਗੋਈ ॥

    Tudh Aapay Srisatt Sabh Oupaayee Ji, Tudh Aapay Siraj Sabh Go-ee.

    God Itself created the Universe and having done so will destroy all of it.-----Guru Ramdas, Raag Asa, AGGS, Page, 11-13

    Both Karmas and cycles are independent of time. After the cause is set up, the effect may be experienced instantly, or postponed indefinitely awaiting an opportunity to appear in action. This potentiality permits a cause to rest undisturbed in the eternal until environment enables it to be followed by its effect, confirms that man has free will. Thus he is the master of his own destiny. Before him lie the opportunities for eternally creating new causes by which he may guide and control his future. Karma is the Will of the Infinite. One cannot be convinced of it. It is incapable of being analyzed by those with finite understandings. The fact is that Karma takes note of both the moral and the emotional causes. Then with the same unerring wisdom, Akal Purkh adjusts its effects accordingly, even though it is not transparent to a lay person..
    The Laws of Karma are simple, but unchanging and impartial. These are:

    1. Action and reaction are equal and opposite.

    ਜੀਅ ਜੰਤ ਜਹਾ ਜਹਾ ਲਗੁ ਕਰਮ ਕੇ ਬਸਿ ਜਾਇ ॥

    Jia Jant Jahaa Jahaa Lag Karam Kay Bas Jaaey.

    Wherever the beings and creatures are, they are born according to the karma of their past actions. -----Bhagat Ravidas, Raag Asa, AGGS, Page, 486-8

    2. Every effect has a cause and every effect, in turn, becomes a cause for the next step.

    ਕਰਮੀ ਆਪੋ ਆਪਣੀ ਆਪੇ ਪਛੁਤਾਣੀ ॥

    Karmee Aapo AapNee Aapay PachhutaNee.

    But they shall come to regret their actions -- they create their own karma. -----Guru Arjan, Raag Gauri Ki Var, AGGS, Page, 315-4

    3. We reap as we sow.

    ਕਿਰਤ ਰੇਖ ਕਰਿ ਕਰਮਿਆ ॥

    Kirat Raykh Kar Karmiaa.

    Mortal acts in accordance with the karma of his past actions.-----Guru Arjan, Raag Basant, AGGS, Page, 1193-2

    4. One’s traits, styles, personalities, merits and demerits are the result of his conscious thinking or unknown to us.

    ਓਸੁ ਸੀਲੁ ਨ ਸੰਜਮੁ ਸਦਾ ਝੂਠੁ ਬੋਲੈ ਮਨਮੁਖਿ ਕਰਮ ਖੁਆਰੁ ॥

    Oas Seel Na Sanjam Sadaa Jhooth Bolai Manmukh Karam Khuaar.

    Mortal has neither modesty nor self-discipline; the self-willed constantly tells lies, and is ruined by the bad karma of evil deeds. -----Guru Amardas, Var Suhi Sloka Nal, AGGS, Page, 786-12

    One has to live through his own individual Karma:

    A. Karma that we reap now is the result of the past actions life.

    ਕਰਮ ਧਰਤੀ ਸਰੀਰੁ ਜੁਗ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਜੋ ਬੋਵੈ ਸੋ ਖਾਤਿ ॥

    Karam Dhartee Sareer Joug Antar Jo Bovai So Khaat.

    The body is the field of karma in this age; whatever you plant, you shall harvest.-----Guru Arjan, Siri Raag, AGGS, Page, 78-5

    B. Karma that we are now making or building will bear fruit in the future.

    ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾ ਕਰੇ ਜਿਸੁ ਆਪਣੀ ਧੁਰਿ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰਮੁ ਕਰੇਇ ॥

    Kirpa Karay Jis Aapnee Dhur Poora Karam Karey.

    But a being, which the Akal Purkh has blessed with Its Mercy from the very beginning, does perfect deeds, and accumulates good karma. -----Guru Arjan Raag Ramkali, AGGS, Page, 959-6

    C. Karma that overlaps from the past lives, to be reaped when occasion demands.

    ਪਇਐ ਕਿਰਤਿ ਕਮਾਵਦੇ ਜਿਵ ਰਾਖਹਿ ਤਿਵੈ ਰਹੰਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ॥

    Paeiaa Kirat Kamaavday Jiv Raakheh Tivai Rehinn.

    Mortals act according to the karma of the actions they committed before; as the Akal Purkh keeps them, so do they live. -----Guru Amar Das, Raag Bilawal, AGGS, Page, 854-9

    D. Karma sown in the past and reaped in the past, imparts lessons that remain with us. We must improve from this experience.

    ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੁਣਿ ਸਭਨਾ ਨੋ ਕਰਿ ਦਾਨੁ ॥ ਜਨਮ ਕਰਮ ਮਲੁ ਉਤਰੈ ਮਨ ਤੇ ਜਾਇ ਗੁਮਾਨੁ ॥

    Har kā nām ḏẖi¬ā¬ė suṇ sabẖnā no kar ḏān, Janam karam mal uṯrai man ṯė jā¬ė gumān.

    Meditate and listen upon the Name of the Akal Purkh, and urge everyone to do the same. In this way, the filth of lifetimes of karma shall be removed, and egotistical pride shall vanish from our minds. -----Guru Arjan, Raag Majh, AGGS, Page, 135-19

    Every opportunity, which is now taken advantage of, will bring us a greater one in the future. Each opportunity that we ignore will bring us future limitations or obstacles in our lives. An individual may strive and exert himself to the utmost of his ability and judgment, yet the circumstances he cannot foresee or cannot control can often bring his plans crashing to the ground. The successes of the material world are nothing but experiences of the evolving consciousness. We must learn from them before we leave them behind, so can grow in the eternal wisdom. All the power of the spiritual wisdom derives from conscious or unconscious cooperation with The Absolute Principle.

    Conclusion;

    Thus Karma is a great teacher. It teaches us patience, confidence, self-reliance, restraint, and responsibility. Karma can also guide us in our love for the others as well as in forgiveness, compassion, and renunciation of selfish life.

    Nobody has all the answers. Knowing that you do not know everything is far wiser than thinking that you know a lot when you really don’t. Phony expertise is neurotic. It is better not to indulge in pretending. It is better to say;” I do not know”, and accept this state.

    ਜਿਸੁ ਕਰਮੁ ਖੁਲਿਆ ਤਿਸੁ ਲਹਿਆ ਪੜਦਾ ਜਿਨਿ ਗੁਰ ਪਹਿ ਮੰਨਿਆ ਸੁਭਾਇ ॥

    Jis Karam Khuliaa Tis Lahiaa Parhdha Jin Gur Peh Maniaa Subhaaey.

    Who ever has good destiny, the cusrtain of illusion is lifted, such are those who obey the Master with devotiuonal love. -----Guru Arjan, Raag Maru, AGGS, Page, 1001-19


    Virinder S. Grewal
    Williamston, MI
     
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