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Jot-eh-Joti / ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ : What is the Essence?

Discussion in 'Gurmat Vichaar' started by Ambarsaria, Nov 28, 2012.

  1. Ambarsaria

    Ambarsaria Canada
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    It is instructive to note the importance of reference to light in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. In conventional spiritual literature one comes across references to divine light as well.

    There appears direction of the pairing between light in each and every part of creation and the divine light (creator).

    Many times pairing is shown to indicate nearness, there is equality or sameness indicated and it is also mentioned as source and the final destination that is all light universal.

    I list couple of illustrative tuks/lines with reference to full shabads. The numbers represent how often the words appear in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji per Dr. Thind's tabulation files. What great contributions from Dr. Thind.


    ਜੋਤਿ (311) ਜੋਤਿ = ਗੁਰ: ਚਾਨਣ, ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼ (creator); one light of creator
    Plurality: Singular

    • Notes:
      • This appears synonymous with phrase "ਗੁਰ ਜੇਤਿ" used by some as well but such is not used as such
      • Overall the combined words below mentioned by some are not used in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji based on what I have discovered,
        • ਗੁਰਜੋਤਿ; ਗੁਰ ਜੋਤਿ
        • ਗੁਰੁਜੇਤਿ; ਗੁਰੁ ਜੇਤਿ
        • ਗੁਰੂਜੋਤਿ; ਗੁਰੂ ਜੋਤਿ
      • This flags that there is no point of nit-picking on this
    ਜੋਤੀ (100) ਜੋਤ= ਚਾਨਣ, ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼ (all creation); all lights; individually in all
    Plurality: Singular

    • Overall the combined words below mentioned by some are not used in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji based on what I have discovered,
      • Notes:
      • Overall the combined words below mentioned by some are not used in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji based on what I have discovered,
        • ਗੁਰਜੋਤੀ; ਗੁਰਜੋਤੀ
        • ਗੁਰੁਜੋਤੀ; ਗੁਰੁ ਜੋਤੀ
        • ਗੁਰੂਜੋਤੀ; ਗੁਰੂ ਜੋਤੀ

      • This flags that there is no point of nit-picking on these either
    What role this plays in your thinking, contemplation and understanding?

    The light for me means the following by self and enjoining,

    • Wisdom
    • Blessing
    • Commonness
    • Oneness
    • Unity
    I would review my understanding of some shabads to facilitate understanding over time.

    What are your thoughts and comments?

    Sat Sri Akal

    Notes:

    1. Idea for this thread comes from commentss of Prakash.S.Bagga ji in other threads regarding guidance by ਗੁਰ ਜੋਤਿ - Gur Joti as stated and referenced below.
    2. The word ਜੋਤ/Joet appears once in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. It has much different meaning as to a tethered or stirruped bull.

     
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    #1 Ambarsaria, Nov 28, 2012
    Last edited: Nov 28, 2012
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  3. Serjinder Singh

    Serjinder Singh United Kingdom
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    Re: Jot-eh - Joti / ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ : what is the essence?

    Waheguru ji ka khalsa
    Waheguru ji ki fateh

    Ambarsaria ji,

    I am not much knowledgeable about Gurbani Grammar. However, I have a vague notion that if a noun in Gurbani is singular, feminine , and has a Sihaari vowel just before the last letter then the plural of the word has the Siharee replaced by a Biharee. Thus, word ਜੋਤਿ, a feminine singular becomes a feminine plural ਜੋਤੀ.

    Since ideologically, in Sikhism God, Waheguru, is always singular we don’t find word ਜੋਤੀ referring to Waheguru’s light. It always refers to the light in all created beings as plural collection. On the other hand the word ਜੋਤਿ by implication refers to Waheguru. Although depending on the context it may refer to the light in one person but generally refers to Waheguru’s light.
    This is my naive feeling that we do find the word ਗੁਰਜੋਤਿ; ਗੁਰ ਜੋਤਿ in Gurbani because ‘Gur’ refers here to God and ਗੁਰ ਜੋਤਿ refers to the light of one God. But because ਜੋਤੀ refers as a plural to more than one light, therefore it refers to the light in created beings and not to the light in forever singular God.

    For instance, in the following Tuk

    Guru Granth Sahib Page 138
    ਜਿਚਰੁ ਤੇਰੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਤਿਚਰੁ ਵਿਚਿ ਤੂੰ ਬੋਲਹਿ ਵਿਣੁ ਜੋਤੀ ਕੋਈ ਕਿਛੁ ਕਰਿਹੁ ਦਿਖਾ ਸਿਆਣੀਐ

    Guru ji is addressing God and is saying that, “As long as your light (ਜੋਤਿ, singular not the plural ਜੋਤੀ) is there in the created living beings, you speak in the human in the ਜੋਤੀ (plural, many lights in created living beings) . Without your ਜੋਤਿ (singular light) these ਜੋਤੀ (lights in humans) anybody dare show doing any act. (because without His light ਜੋਤਿ people would be dead)..

    Invariably, we come across the pharase ਜੋਤੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਮਾਇ or ਜੋਤੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਮਿਲਾਈ. It is taken to be the merger of human light merging in God’s light. However, the meaning according to above discussion indicates the reverse direction meaning God merges the human light in his light. The doer is God here.who in His grace merges human light in his light.

    Thus,
    Guru Granth Sahib Page 157
    ਨਾਨਕ ਸਦਾ ਸੋਹਾਗਣੀ ਜਿਨ ਜੋਤੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਮਾਇ ੧੯
    O Nanak, those (souls) are ever married whose ਜੋਤੀ (plural lights of humans) God got allowed to immerse in His ਜੋਤਿ (Singular, God’s Light)

    As an aside not word ਸੋਹਾਗਣੀ that is a feminine plural formed by replacing the Siharee in word ਸੋਹਾਗਣਿ with a biharee to make it a feminine plural as in the case of ਜੋਤਿ and ਜੋਤੀ or in case of ਗਲ, meaning a talk changing to ਗਲੀ a feminine plural. The following lines illustrate the same grammer ideas.

    Guru Granth Sahib Page 433
    ਗਲੀ ਹਉ ਸੋਹਾਗਣਿ ਭੈਣੇ ਕੰਤੁ ਨ ਕਬਹੂੰ ਮੈ ਮਿਲਿਆ ੨੩

    Guru Granth Sahib Page 221
    ਜੋਤਿ ਭਈ ਜੋਤੀ ਮਾਹਿ ਸਮਾਨਾ
    (God's) light that exists is immanent in the lights (in living beings)

    Guru Granth Sahib Page 413
    ਸ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਉਪਾਈ ਜੋਤੀ ਤੂ ਜਾਤਿ
    You created the world (of) lights in the (human) species.

    Guru Granth Sahib Page 424
    ਨਿਰਮਲ ਜੋਤਿ ਪਸਰਿ ਰਹੀ ਜੋਤੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਮਿਲਾਈ

    Your pristine light is spread out in the Joti(in humans) by implanting your Jo(i)t in them

    ਗਲੀ ਹਉ ਸੋਹਾਗਣਿ ਭੈਣੇ ਕੰਤੁ ਨ ਕਬਹੂੰ ਮੈ
    ਮਿਲਿਆ
    Guru Granth Sahib Page 433

    Humbly
    Serjinder Singh
     
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  4. Ambarsaria

    Ambarsaria Canada
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    Re: Jot-eh - Joti / ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ : what is the essence?

    Serjinder Singh ji thanks for your post.
    So what is the plan. Change the gender of ਜੋਤਿ and make it a feminine plural as ਜੋਤੀ.

    What happens to the oneness of ਜੋਤਿ which is never referred to as a plural in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji!
     
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  5. Luckysingh

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    Re: Jot-eh - Joti / ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ : what is the essence?

    Ambarsaria ji,
    I believe the comment in below quote, actually holds to Serjinderji's claim, according to my understanding.

     
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  6. Ambarsaria

    Ambarsaria Canada
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    Re: Jot-eh - Joti / ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ : what is the essence?

    Luckysingh ji that is stated in the first post of the thread already and there is no debate about that.

    My comment was about the following line in Serjinder Singh ji's post,

    The answer is that you do not find these couplet words in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. ਜੋਤਿ already refers to "light of one Gur" hence Guru ji do not use ਗੁਰਜੋਤਿ. Similarly ਗੁਰ ਜੋਤੀ is not a couplet in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji as Guru ji use ਜੋਤਿ to represent one creator's light. I assume rest of my post was clear.

    The reason such came to my mind was that Prakash.S.Bagga ji stated that he is only guided by "Gur - Joti" in understanding Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. The proper statement is "I am guided by ਜੋਤਿ" which is of one. If we do not recognize this then we end up with the feud of singular and plural and all that Jazz as was in the other companion thread. These are important and at time appearing small things but we need to see Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji crystal clear that it is.

    Sat Sri Akal.
     
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    #5 Ambarsaria, Nov 30, 2012
    Last edited: Nov 30, 2012
  7. prakash.s.bagga

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    One can look at this Quote for the reference of Gurjoti as

    ਰਾਮਦਾਸਿ ਗੁਰੂ ਜਗ ਤਾਰਨ ਕਉ ਗੁਰ ਜੋਤਿ ਅਰਜੁਨ ਮਾਹਿ ਧਰੀ ॥੪॥ {ਪੰਨਾ 1409

    What is this ਗੁਰ ਜੋਤਿ?

    Prakash.S.Bagga


    The above is the answer to this Quote

    This is my naive feeling that we do find the word (NO we don't) ਗੁਰਜੋਤਿ; ਗੁਰ ਜੋਤਿ in Gurbani
     
  8. Serjinder Singh

    Serjinder Singh United Kingdom
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    Waheguru ji ka khalsa
    Waheguru ji ki fateh

    Dear Ambersaria ji

    I am sorry if I could not put my ‘theis’ across. After all it is just a thesis. A thesis is always open to modification, correction or outright rejection. However, if we look at some of the quotes in Gurbani where both words ਜੋਤਿ and ਜੋਤੀ appear one begins to get a sense of the meanings and attributes of the two words.

    Thus, on page 545 and on page 846 we have two lines obviously conveying the message but the slight variation helps understand the meaning of the two words.

    ਮਿਲਿ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਜੋਤੀ ਓਤਿ ਪੋਤੀ ਉਦਕੁ ਉਦਕਿ ਸਮਾਇਆ Page 545
    Meaning: ਜੋਤੀ on meeting ਬ੍ਰਹਮ (God) gets ਓਤਿ ਪੋਤੀ or filled to the brim, the water (ਉਦਕੁ) getting merged in water (ਉਦਕਿ means ‘In water’).

    ਮਿਲਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਜੋਤੀ ਓਤਿ ਪੋਤੀ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਸਭਿ ਰਸ ਭੋਗੋ Page 846
    Meaning by analogy with above line: ਜੋਤੀ(human light or soul)on meeting ਜੋਤਿ (the light of God) gets filled to the brim and enjoys the taste of God’s Naam.

    In the second line the words ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਜੋਤੀ has been replaced by ਜੋਤਿ ਜੋਤੀ thus indicating that ਬ੍ਰਹਮ is similar or equivalent to ਜੋਤਿ. Thus, making one to believe that ਜੋਤਿ means the light of Brahm or God and ਜੋਤੀ means the ‘souls’ or lights in human beings.

    This is further apparent from the following lines:


    ਅਨਹਦ ਸਬਦੁ ਵਜਾਇ ਜੋਤੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਧਰਿ Page 790
    (God) made the unstruck celestial music play by placing ਜੋਤਿ (His, God’s light) in the ਜੋਤੀ (human souls, human lights)

    ਜੋਤੀ ਜਾਤੀ ਗਣਤ ਨ ਆਵੈ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਾਜੀ ਸੋ ਕੀਮਤਿ ਪਾਵੈ Page 839
    The human lights/souls (ਜੋਤੀ) and living varieties (ਜਾਤੀ) cannot be counted. He who created these only He could know the extent.

    ਚੰਦੁ ਸੂਰਜੁ ਦੁਇ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਰੂਪੁ
    Moon and Sun are an image of the divine light (ਜੋਤਿ)
    ਜੋਤੀ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਅਨੂਪੁ
    Withing these human/created lights (ਜੋਤੀ) resides unique Brahm (the immanent God)
    ਕਰੁ ਰੇ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਬੀਚਾਰੁ
    O Gyani, express the ideas about Brahm
    ਜੋਤੀ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਧਰਿਆ ਪਸਾਰੁ Page 972
    Within the human/created lights is placed the expanse (of the universe)

    ਸਭ ਤੇਰੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਜੋਤੀ ਵਿਚਿ ਵਰਤਹਿ ਗੁਰਮਤੀ ਤੁਧੈ ਲਾਵਣੀ Page 1314
    Your divine light (ਜੋਤਿ) is working in the human/living lights (ਜੋਤੀ) and you get linked to them through the Guru’s teachings.

    ਸਭ ਜੋਤਿ ਤੇਰੀ ਜੋਤੀ ਵਿਚਿ ਕਰਤੇ ਸਭੁ ਸਚੁ ਤੇਰਾ ਪਾਸਾਰਾ Page 1314
    It is all your ਜੋਤਿ (divine light) within the lights in humans/living creation’s lights (ਜੋਤੀ). All of the expanse of the truth (of creation) is all yours.

    The plural ਜੋਤੀ becomes singular only when it is numerically qualified by placing counting word such as ‘ਇਕ’ before it for instance ਇਕ ਜੋਤੀ


    Humbly
    Serjinder Singh
     
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  9. Ambarsaria

    Ambarsaria Canada
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    Re: Jot-eh-Joti / ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ : What is the Essence?

    prakash.s.bagga ji thanks for your post. When I did my searches I am not sure why the only such occurence did not show up. So I was wrong in my assertion. However we will review the line further.
    So the context is that
    Do you read more into this than that? Does for you this line imply Guru Arjun Dev ji were God or were declared so by any of the Guru ji or were praised like that for his brilliance?

    Sat Sri Akal.
     
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  10. prakash.s.bagga

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    It is nice that at least there is someone to recognise the Gurbanee words as
    references SINGULARor PLURAL.
    Still some may not fully agree to this.

    Here the meaning of the words ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ
    is being considered as ONE LIGHT of GOD and MANY LIGHTS as CREATIONS of GOD.
    This I think is very literal meaning.
    In fact one should go beyond light/lights to get the true understanding of the
    intrisic meanings of these words.One may think that even LIGHT is also creation of the CREATOR. So how correct it would be to consider LIGHT as CREATOR.?

    LIGHT is the FORM of the CREATOR as can be understood from this Quote from
    Banee Sukhmanee as

    JAH JOTi SAROOPEE JOTi SANG SAMAVE" Atapadee 21

    At the moment I cant go beyond this .

    Prakash.S.Bagga
     
  11. spnadmin

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    It is going to be my task as admin (one of many) to carefully monitor the relevance of statements like:


    So far OK as long as the thread does not go around i circles about the point above. But let's make sure that the conversation does not get marooned. Please, all posters consider the thinking behind the grammar and the actual rules of grammar that are being discussed. We don't want to apply a rule for changing singular to plural for one noun family as if that rule applied to all the other noun families. Unfortunately this happened in other threads. So keep the discussion close to the topic. When grammar rules change hidden spiritual meanings known only by the chosen few are usually not the reason for that. Thanks.
     
  12. Luckysingh

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    Prakashji, I think this whole jyot and multiple jyots needs to be clarified a little.
    I think I understand what you mean and I can follow it, but I'm not sure if everybody else can.

    To start off, I think just getting to some basics might be a help-

    -Light or jyot, as we know always comes from a 'Source'.
    Now this can be a torch, flashlight, lightbulb or the sun.
    What is important here is that the 'jyot' that is talked about in gurbani and most other religions is the light coming from the 'source'.
    -THIS SOURCE is the CREATOR.

    Getting back to basic physics, we know that a single beam of clear or white light is actually made up of many colours. (spectrum). These can be seen in a rainbow and also if we pass the ray through a prism.

    In the same way, I think you are referring to the source as the creator and a light(jyot) emerging from the source and then this single light breaks down or divides into many lights or colours of creation.
    In effect it is saying that the whole of creation emerges from the single jyot, which in turn is from the source known as God.

    I can understand this manner of thinking quite well and there is nothing wrong or 'anti' about it in my opinion.

    Is this similar to what you are referring to ?
    ie. the many jyots of creation that come from the One single Jyot which originates from the source.

    If we bear this in mind, then what you said earlier in this thread makes more sense to me !!
     
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  13. namjiwankaur

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    Sat Nam _/|\_

    Because I've read about near death experiences, there is literally a Divine Light. I know some say that its just all the circuits going haywire when someone dies, but the fact this Light is usually felt as containing a Love so intense no words can describe it...and when brought back to their earthly bodies, many people who have NDEs are transformed because of it.

    I see it referred to in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, Quran and Sufi teachings, the Bible, paganism...its everywhere.

    Nam Jiwan peacesignkaur
     
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  14. Luckysingh

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    You are spot on !!!
    There is a light that is undescribable.
    Infact the only way to describe it is that it invokes feelings of immense love and intuition.
    Just being in it's presence and all of a sudden you know all the answers to any questions!!
    One thing is for sure is that it comes from the 'source', but even then, the presence of the light is enough to not even wonder where the source is!!!
     
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  15. prakash.s.bagga

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    LUCKYSINGH JI,
    I find you are very close to knowing the source.
    Try to understand that when this ਜੋਤਿ is refered with GuR as Gur joti then what
    it should mean. One may know the CREATOR by knowing its meaning.

    You may refer my previous post for its meaning so I dont want to repeat
    here.
    Then you can analyse the CREATOR Gur as Gur joti is not FORMLESS
    as is understood.

    So GuR is CREATOR and THE CREATOR is to be known as GuR JOTi.(A SINGLE WAVE)

    These are just my own views as understood by the grace of SatiGuRu ji.

    Prakash.S.Bagga
     
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    #14 prakash.s.bagga, Dec 1, 2012
    Last edited: Dec 1, 2012
  16. prakash.s.bagga

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    LICKY SINGH Ji,
    It would be ntresting for you to see thst in Gurbanee there are two references
    for ਜੋਤਿ as

    1...GuR ਜੋਤਿ and

    2...Prabh ਜੋਤਿ

    In this context
    ਜੋਤਿ as GuR ਜੋਤਿ is a SINGLE WAVE being refered as GuROO-GuR



    ਜੋਤਿ is LIGHT as Prabh ਜੋਤਿ and is being refered as GuRu-GuR

    My understanding is that ਜੋਤਿ is fully being described in terms of Divine Words.
    Gurbanee is all praise (SIFATI SALAHA) for ਜੋਤਿ only thru its various NAAM.

    Just few points more points for sharing.

    Prakash.S.Bagga
     
  17. Luckysingh

    Luckysingh Canada
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    I can understand jyot being a form and obviously creator as source is formless.
    But doesn't this go back to nirgun and sargun, saying this creator can be both aspects depending how we look.
    Guru Gobind Singh ji told Bhai Nand lal ji that guru is 1)shabad 2)nirgun 3)sargun.

    i'm not too sure what you mean by the below, but I can follow the rest a little better.
     
  18. Serjinder Singh

    Serjinder Singh United Kingdom
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    Waheguru ji ka khalsa
    Waheguru ji ki fateh

    Let us not all go on mystifying a simple yet crucial concept. ਜੋਤਿ here has got nothing to do with physical light coming from a lamp, torch, Sun etc. It is a convenient metaphor used by Guru ji. This refers to the essence of living things, such as life itself in living beings. In humans and other higher animals it means conciousness. In humans it goes to even higher level when they meet Guru as in case of Sikhs the Guru ji's Sabad as in Gurbani and ultimately human conciousness can see Waheguru in everyone and everything and one becomes Jivan Mukat and the source of this 'light' becomes, feels, part of, merges with the source of this 'ਜੋਤਿ '.

    ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਹੈ ਸੋਇ ਤਿਸ ਦੈ ਚਾਨਣਿ ਸਭ ਮਹਿ
    ਚਾਨਣੁ ਹੋਇ ਗੁਰ ਸਾਖੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਪਰਗਟੁ ਹੋਇ ॥ SGGS page 13 (Keertan Sohila)
    It is the light in all, it is the 'same' light. From that everyone gets enlightened. Through presense of Guru (the awareness of) this light becomes apparent.

    Humbly
    Serjinder Singh
     
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  19. prakash.s.bagga

    prakash.s.bagga
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    Re: Jot-eh-Joti / ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ : What is the Essence?

    I fully agree with your views that the concept is SIMPLE and yet CRUCIAL.
    But Metaphor is there for understanding this simple and crucial concept only.
    isnt it important that this metaphor has been used with its Singular and Plural characers both separately and together also.?
    I think ultimately it is important to understand what this metaphor is actually pointing to.

    One more point I intend to share with your self We have considered the word JOTiਜੋਤਿ as SINGULAR and JOT-ee ਜੋਤੀ as PLURAL. I fully agree to these views

    But it needs review how the word JOT-ee(PLURAL) ਜੋਤੀ can be used for individual human light. One can find that individual Human light is to be refered as ਜੋਤਿ JOTi .(SINGULAR).
    i am a bit confused with this interpretation I look from your goodself
    some more clarity in application of these words .

    Prakash.s.Bagga
     
    #18 prakash.s.bagga, Dec 1, 2012
    Last edited: Dec 1, 2012
  20. prakash.s.bagga

    prakash.s.bagga
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    Re: Jot-eh-Joti / ਜੋਤਿ – ਜੋਤੀ : What is the Essence?

    LUCKY SINGH Ji,
    When JOTi itself is CREATOR then I fail to understand your this view that
    "obviously creator as source is formless

    Can you pl clarify what should I mean for Creator as Source? Source of what?

    If I am not mistaken you are considering CREATOR as SOURCE of JOTi
    but it is not so.

    I think you can ask for SOURCE of the CREATOR that is surely FORMLESS>

    Prakash.S.Bagga
     
  21. Serjinder Singh

    Serjinder Singh United Kingdom
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    Prakash.s.Bagga

    You wrote: "But it needs review how the word JOT-ee(PLURAL) ਜੋਤੀ can be used for individual human light. One can find that individual Human light is to be refered as ਜੋਤਿ JOTi .(SINGULAR).
    i am a bit confused with this interpretation I look from your goodself
    some more clarity in application of these words "

    If you look at the following lines from Sohila
    ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਹੈ ਸੋਇ ॥ ਤਿਸ ਦੈ ਚਾਨਣਿ ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਚਾਨਣੁ ਹੋਇ ਗੁਰ ਸਾਖੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਪਰਗਟੁ ਹੋਇ
    We can see the first three words "ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਜੋਤਿ". Here the word "ਜੋਤਿ" refers to the light in the human beings considering the case of each person individually, hence, the grammatical 'number' s Singular. The same is the case for God being singular the word "ਜੋਤਿ" appears in ਜੋਤਿ ਹੈ ਸੋਇ meaning the light in humans is the 'light that is same'. So, when humans are referred to as a single human being the word used for light in 'a human' is ਜੋਤਿ, however when bani is referring to many or all human beings the word is the one for plural lights, ie Jotee ਜੋਤੀ. So, the conclusion is that the two forms of the word do not imply that ਜੋਤਿ means God's light per se and that ਜੋਤੀ means the light in humans. But the two forms are associated to the grammatic number of the object to which the word for light refers. For a singular object it is "ਜੋਤਿ" and for a plural object it is "ਜੋਤੀ". It is as simple as that.

    Humbly
    Serjinder Singh

     
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