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Importance of beard from non-sikh views

Discussion in 'Sikh Sikhi Sikhism' started by badshah, May 9, 2010.

  1. badshah

    badshah
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    Having a beard is not exclusive to Sikhs for religious purposes and it appears that even the West through other religions has forgotten the importance of hair - Source: Beard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    :happysingh:

    Quotations regarding beards
    "There are two kinds of people in this world that go around beardless—boys and women—and I am neither one." -Greek saying
    "A woman with a beard looks like a man. A man without a beard looks like a woman." - Afghan Saying
    "The beard is the handsomeness of the face, and a wife is the joy in a man's heart." - R' Akiva, Eicha Rabbah
    Leonato: You may light on a husband that hath no beard.
    Beatrice: What should I do with him? Dress him in my apparel and make him my waiting-gentlewoman? He that hath a beard is more than a youth, and he that hath no beard is less than a man: and he that is more than a youth is not for me, and he that is less than a man, I am not for him... -William Shakespeare - Excerpt from Much Ado About Nothing – Act 2, Scene I
    "You should be [i.e. look like] women, and yet your beards forbid me to interpret that you are so" - Banquo, to the witches, in Shakespeare's Macbeth.
    "Shaving was a custom of the Macedonian military, taken over by Hellenic and Roman society. From then on the beard becomes a philosophical status symbol, a sign of non-conformism." - Peter Sloterdijk, Critique of Cynical Reason, pg. 210, n.4
    [edit] Early Christian attitudes
    St Clement of Alexandria
    "The hair of the chin showed him to be a man." St Clement of Alexandria (c.195, E), 2.271
    "How womanly it is for one who is a man to comb himself and shave himself with a razor, for the sake of fine effect, and to arrange his hair at the mirror, shave his cheeks, pluck hairs out of them, and smooth them!...For God wished women to be smooth and to rejoice in their locks alone growing spontaneously, as a horse in his mane. But He adorned man like the lions, with a beard, and endowed him as an attribute of manhood, with a hairy chest--a sign of strength and rule." St. Clement of Alexandria, 2.275
    "This, then, is the mark of the man, the beard. By this, he is seen to be a man. It is older than Eve. It is the token of the superior nature....It is therefore unholy to desecrate the symbol of manhood, hairiness." St. Clement of Alexandria, 2.276
    "It is not lawful to pluck out the beard, man's natural and noble adornment." St. Clement of Alexandria, 2.277
    St Cyprian
    "In their manners, there was no discipline. In men, their beards were defaced." St Cyprian (c. 250, W), 5.438
    "The beard must not be plucked. 'You will not deface the figure of your beard'." (Leviticus 19:27) St. Cyprian, 5.553
    Lactantius
    "The nature of the beard contributes in an incredible degree to distinguish the maturity of bodies, or to distinguish the sex, or to contribute to the beauty of manliness and strength." Lactantius (c. 304-314, W), 7.288
    Apostolic Constitutions
    "Men may not destroy the hair of their beards and unnaturally change the form of a man. For the Law says, "You will not deface your beards." For God the Creator has made this decent for women, but has determined that it is unsuitable for men." Apostolic Constitutions (compiled c.390, E) 7.392. (1)
    Augustine of Hippo
    "There are some details of the body which are there for simply aesthetic reasons, and for no practical purpose—for instance, the nipples on a man's chest, and the beard on his face, the latter being clearly for a masculine ornament, not for protection. This is shown by the fact that women's faces are hairless, and since women are the weaker sex, it would surely be more appropriate for them to be given such a protection." City of God (c. 410) book 22, chapter 24 :happysingh:
     
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