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Gurus Guru's Martyrdom - Stories of Guru Teg Bahadur Ji

Discussion in 'History of Sikhism' started by Admin Singh, Oct 22, 2006.

  1. Admin Singh

    Admin Singh
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    Jun 1, 2004
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    ENGLISH TRANSALTION - Kharak Singh & Gurtej Singh

    Episode No. 12

    Once, on pretext of hunting, Guru Baba left Anandpur and reached as far as Agra, very farin the country and beyond. There were three other Sikhs with him, all four were riding horses. On reaching Agra they camped in a garden, where a Hindu shepherd was tending his goats. Guru Baba called him and said, "Take mymohar (gold coin) and shawl to the sweets-seller, and against this buy two rupees worth of sweets and bring it in the shawl.

    My Sikhs will look after your goats." Then the shepherd went to the sweets-seller with the moharand the shawl and conveyed what the Guru had said. A state employee of the area lived in his neighbourhood. The Judicial Inspector Naurang Shah Badshah happened to be camping there. The sweets-seller suspected that this man might be a thief, because themohar and shawl did not go with his status.

    He considered it prudent to inform the darogha to avoid any future trouble. So, the sweets-seller took the shepherd to the darogha for interrogation. The darogha a~ked, "What do you say?" The shepherd replied, "Four noble horsemen have arrived in the garden where I was tending my goats. They called me and asked me to take this mohar and shawl to buy sweets worth two ropees against the mohar, and bring it in the shawl. They have sent me here. They promised to look after my goats in my absence." The darogha decided to report the hQrsemen to the Emperor. Every night he used to report whatever activities he saw during the day. He
    wanted to know who they were.

    So he instructed the shepherd to take the sweets from the shopkeeper and also to take his men with him. He also directed that the four horsemen should come and talk to him, so that he could find out who they were. Thus, the shepherd left with the sweets, the message and the darogha's men. The message was delivered to the Guru. On hearing it he got up to accompany the men. The Sikhs followed, duly armed, on horseback. They reported to the darogha. "Who are you?" asked the darogha. "I am Tegh Bahadur," replied the Guru. The darogha immediately reported to the emperor, "Your Majesty, Guru Tegh Bahadur, the pir of the Hindus, whom the Hindus call the True Emperor, is now in our hands. There are three other horsemen with him. They have all been detained at the shop. I solicit further instructions." The emperor was very happy to hear this, and immediately ordered their arrest.

    The darogha put all four in jail, putting chains round their necks and waists. Their feet and hands were also chained. Two of the Sikhs grumbled, complain ing that the Guru had landed them in a difficult situation which would'lead nowhere. "Even now, anyone who wants to go, can be released," said the Guru. "Kind Master, who will release us now? All our limbs are locked in chains. The Imperial squads are constantly watching us. How is release possible?" asked the Sikhs. "You are released!" said the Guru. Instantly, their chains got unfastened, and the Sikhs
    could leave. Nobody was able to see them. Then the Guru looked towards the third Sikh
    and asked him to go also.

    But the Sikh had full faith in the Guru, and said, "O True King, my head has already been surrendered to you. It is for you to keep or kill me. I have no life beyond you." The Guru blessed him and permitted him to stay with him to sacrifice his head for the cause of the Guru. The Guru stayed in the prison along with the Sikh. The ministers expressed their happiness to the emperor over the fact that the pir of the Hindus, Guru Tegh Bahadur, had fallen into their hands, and said, "If you can make him accept our religion, then thousands of Hindus will automatically convert to Islam." "God has thrown him into my hands. If he still does not accept our religion, he faces torture. That will make him relent," said the emperor. Then the Turks started torturing the Guru's body with cruelty that is beyond description. It was only the Guru who could bear it. Anybody else in his place would have yielded to their demand in no time. On the second or third day, the emperor came to the Guru and offered governorship of any province of the Guru's choice, adding, "You will not have to furnish any accounts. The heavens will be yours. I, along with my sons, shall become your follower and shall establish kinship with you. But you must accept our religion."

    "Stop this nonsense. You can do whatever you like. This will never happen. Who can undo
    what the Creator has ordained. Whatever has been ordained by Him, only that shall
    happen. Nothing else," replied the Guru. The Turks tried all kinds of tactics. But the Guru
    remained firm, like the Sumer Mountain braves the worst storms. At that time the Sikh
    prayed, "I cannot tolerate such unworthy behaviour towards you. Pray, permit me to
    destroy the Emperor along with his Empire."

    "Where did you get these powers from?" asked the Guru. "O True King, it is from your service that such powers have corne to me, I have not seen any other door," replied the Sikh.
    "Listen, O Sikh, do you think that he who gave you these powers, has none of these
    himself?" asked the Guru.

    "Your powers have no limit," replied the Sikh. Then the Guru told him not to speak. "The
    Lord has caused the events." At this the Sikh became quiet. Later, another Sikh wrote a
    prayer addressed to the Tenth Lord, on behalf of the Ninth Mahal. The following doha
    formed part of the prayer:

    'All strength is gone; thrown in bonds is this frame;
    No effort avails.
    Prayeth Nanak: Lord, you are my sole support.
    Succour me as you did the (mythological) elephant.'
    The reply of the Tenth Master was this couplet:
    'Lo, strength has arrived;
    The bonds are snapped asunder.
    Every thing is within your control,
    The strength is there,
    Saith Nanak, you alone are my helper.'

    Then the Guru caused this to happen. The Guru ordered one of the Sikhs with him in
    prison, "In the ambrosial hours of the morning, when I finish recitation of the Japu ji, and
    bow my head in obeisance, you shall sever my head from my body." "O True King, if you
    get this done through me, what will be my fate?" asked the Sikh. "You will be with me,
    wherever I am," replied the Guru. At this the Sikh bowed in obeisance. In the morning the
    Guru had his bath and completed recitation of the Japu ji, offered the Ardas, and bowed
    his head before the Lord. The Sikh was asked to carry out his assignment. At this the
    Sikh severed the Guru's head from the body.

    As this news reached the Emperor, the Sikh was also executed, and strict watch ordered,
    so that the Guru's body could not be taken away. The Tenth Master was at Anandpur
    then. He ordered the Ranghreta Sikhs to bring the Guru's body to Anandpur, and gave his
    blessings to them. The Ranghreta Sikhs bowed in obeisance. They loaded a bullock cart
    with hay, stole the body during the night, and presented it to the Guru at Anandpur. The
    Guru blessed them, honouring the Ranghretas as "Sons of the Guru." The body reached
    Anandpur and the head fell into the hands of the Delhi Sikhs. The body was cremated at
    Anandpur, and the head at Delhi. At both places sandal wood was used at the pyre.

    Flowers and petals were heaped on the Guru's biban. The whole atmosphere was filled
    with fragrance of incense, and sweetness of scents and perfumes. Saffron was sprinkled.
    Conch shells were blown, and celestial music sounded all round. There was a prolonged
    shout of victory. Angels from heaven came to witness the scenes of shouts of victory. The
    sidhas, the saints, all came to shower flowers on the Guru's biban, happy to hear the
    praise of the Guru. (12)
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  3. jasi

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    Apr 29, 2005
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    Re: Guru's Martyrdom - Stories of the Ninth Mahal (Guru Teg Bahadur Ji)

    imagin the tortures what our Gurus gone through. let us keep their teaching to us most dearly.
  4. kaur-1

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    Jul 10, 2006
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    Re: Guru's Martyrdom - Stories of the Ninth Mahal (Guru Teg Bahadur Ji)

    "Through whom (Guru Tegh Bahadur) the Lord saved the tilak and sacred thread of these people (Hindus)

    For the sake of God's saints, Guru Tegh Bahadur laid down his life.
    His head was severed, but not a groan did he utter.

    For the sake of righteousness he enacted this tragic episode.
    He gave up his head, but not his persistence to do right.

    No one can excel the pure loftiness of what Tegh Bahadur did;
    The world of men was in grief when he left this earth.

    But the world of gods was filled with the joy of his great triumph."

    (From Bachittar Natak. Translation by Prof. Puran Singh)


    Guru Tegh Bahadur was subjected to many cruelties, he was kept in an iron cage and starved for many days.

    The Guru was made to watch as Bhai Mati Das the devoted Sikh was tied between two pillars and his body split in two by being sawn alive.

    Bhai Dyala was boiled alive in a cauldron of boiling water and Bhat Sati Das was wrapped in cotton wool and set on fire.

    The Guru bore these cruelties without flinching or showing any anger or distress. Finally on November 11, 1675 Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly beheaded with the sword of the executioner as he prayed. The Gurus body was left in the dust as no one dared to pick up the body for fear of the emperors reprisal.

    A severe storm swept through the city and under the cover of darkness a Sikh named Bhai Jaita managed to collect the Guru’s sacred head and carried it off to Anandpur Sahib to the Guru’s son.

    Another Sikh Bhai Lakhi Shah who had a cart, was able to smuggle the Gurus headless body to his house. Since a public funeral would be too dangerous, Bhai Lakhi Shah cremated the body by setting his house on fire.

    Meanwhile the head was taken to the grief stricken young Guru Gobind Singh and the widow Mata Gujari. On November 16, 1675 at Anandpur Sahib, a pyre of sandalwood was constructed, sprinkled with roses and the head of Guru Tegh Bahadur was cremated by young Guru Gobind Singh.

    Thus ended the earthly reign of the ninth Nanak, Guru Tegh Bahadur. Never in the annals of history has the religious leader of one religion sacrificed his life to save the freedom of another religion.

    source:The Sikhism Home Page: Guru Tegh Bahadur
  5. kaur-1

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    Jul 10, 2006
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    Re: Guru's Martyrdom - Stories of the Ninth Mahal (Guru Teg Bahadur Ji)

    Dhan Dhan Dhan Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji Maharaj

    Theekar fore dilees sir, Prabh par kiyo payan,
    Tegh Bahadur si kriya, Kari na kinhoo aan.
    Tegh Bahadur ke chalat, Bhayo jagat main sog.
    Hai hai hai sab jag bhayo, Jai jai jai sur log.

    He burst the bonds of mortal clay
    And went on to the abode of God.
    No one ever performed an act as noble
    As did Tegh Bahadur.

    With the departure of Tegh Bahadur
    The world was stricken with sorrow.
    A wail of horror rent the earth,
    A victor's welcome by the dwellers of heaven.

    Bichitra Natak

    'Hind Ki Chaddar'. Gave his life to save Hindu religion; Tortured to death. Head and body cremated at two places

    Jyoti Jyot Samaye: November 11, 1675 at Chandini Chowk, Delhi
  6. egyptian

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    Dec 17, 2006
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    Re: Guru's Martyrdom - Stories of the Ninth Mahal (Guru Teg Bahadur Ji)

    Thikar phod Dilis sir
    Prabh pur kiya payan
    Teg bahadur ki kirya
    Kari na kinhu aan.
    Teg bahadur ke chalat
    Bhayo jagat me shok.
    Hai hai hai sab jag bhayo
    Jai jai jai sur lok
  7. mahesh23bhardwaj

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    Oct 9, 2012
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    when i came to delhi to prepare for UPSC inter view we participated in a mock interview at chandradev dharamshala. I asked the convener regarding the huge wall painting of sri Chandra. He told me that Sri Chand was son of first Guru Nanak and when Guru Hargobind was made to sit on red hot tawa, he remembered sri chand for divine grace. Due to blessings of sri Chand Guru ji was able to bear this torture. Is what that fellow told me true. Can some body shed light on this issue?
  8. BhagatSingh

    BhagatSingh Canada
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    SPNer sikhiart.com

    Apr 25, 2006
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    Mahesh ji It was Guru Arjan Dev ji who was made to sit on the hot plate. I don't he remembered anyone but Hari.
    • Like Like x 1
  9. mahesh23bhardwaj

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    Oct 9, 2012
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    sorry dear i confused the two Gurus, i think i need to learn more about Sikhism. Thanks for replying

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