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Giani Ditt Singh (1853 - 1901)

Discussion in 'Sikh Personalities' started by Admin Singh, Dec 4, 2009.

  1. Admin Singh

    Admin Singh
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    Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee and Punjab Government have very conveniently forgotten Giani Ditt Singh, a Scholar, Poet, Editor, an eminent Singh Sabha Reformer, who was born in April 21, 1853 at village Kalaur of district Fatehgarh Sahib. Neither Punjab government nor SGPC organized any function in village Kalaur or any other part of the state to remember Giani Ditt Singh.

    Having moved from one centre of learning to another, Ditt Singh became learned enough to hold discussions with eminent religious scholars like Sadhu Dayanand. Being one of the founder members of Singh Sabha Lahore, he made the Singh Sabha a great movement through his speeches and writings. As an educationist, he not only helped in the setting up of Khalsa College, Amritsar, but also wrote textbooks for the students of the college.
    Author of around 50 books, a major forum for his writing was the *Khalsa Akhbar*, where he wrote on current issues. Dit Singh was an editor of this prominent Punjabi newspaper of the time.
    Giani Ditt Singh wielded a powerful pen and was equally at home in prose as well as in verse. He wrote more books and pamphlets on Sikh theology and history and on current polemics.
    Giani Ditt Singh died at Lahore on September 6, 1901. The loss was mourned widely by the Sikhs. A 15-member memorial committee was formed with Arjan Singh Bagarlan as chairman. Notable memorials honouring his name were Giani Ditt Singh Khalsa Boarding House in Lahore and Bhal Ditt Singh Library opened at Sikh Kanya Mahavidyala Ferozepur by Bhal Takht Singh, one of his former students and a close friend.
    Giani Ditt Singh Memorial International Society, Chandigarh is regularly organizing function in memory of Giani Dit Singh. Last year the society released a book, ' Bhai Ditt Singh Giani: Jeevan, Rachna Te Shaksiat' authored by Dr Karnail Singh Somal, who also born in village Kaluar*. *Karnail Singh had, more than a 100 years after the death of Giani Dit Singh, tried to take the reader back into the later half of 19th century to introduce him to the events and personalities that helped shape Ditt Singh.
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    Giani Ditt Singh was a scholar, poet and journalist. He was an eminent Singh Sabha member and editor. He was born on 21 April 1853 at Kalaur, a village in Patiala district of Punjab. His ancestral village was Jhalhan, near Chamkaur Sahib, but his father, Divan Singh, had migrated to his wife's village, Kalaur. Divan Singh, a weaver by trade, was a religious minded person who had earned the title of Sant for his piety. Himself an admirer of the Gulabdasi sect, he sent Ditt Singh at the age of nine, to be educated under Sant Gurbakhsh Singh at Dera Gulabdasian in the village of Tior, near Kharar in Ropar district. Ditt Singh studied Gurmukhi, prosody, Vedanta and Niti-Sastra at the Dera, and learnt Urdu from Daya Nand, a resident of Tior. At the age of 16-17, he shifted to the main Gulabdasi centre at Chhathianvala, near Kasur in Lahore district. Formally initiated into the sect of Sant Desa Singh, he became a Gulabdasi preacher. Not long afterwards, he came under the influence of Bhai Jawahir Singh, a former follower of the Gulabdasi sect, who had joined the Arya Samaj. Ditt Singh also became an Arya Samajist. He was introduced to "Swami" Daya Nand Sarswati, the founder of the Arya Samaj, during the latter's visit to Lahore in 1877. Soon, however, he and his friend, Jawahir Singh, were drawn into the Sikh fold through Bhai Gurmukh Singh, the motive force behind the Lahore Khalsa Diwan. In 1886, Bhai Gurmukh Singh, following the establishment of the Lahore Khalsa Diwan parallel to the one at Amritsar, floated the first Punjabi weekly newspaper, the Khalsa Akhbar. Though its first editor was Giani Jhanda Singh Faridkoti, the principal contributor was Giani Ditt Singh, who soon took over editorship from him.
    He had passed the Gyani examination the same year and had been appointed a teacher at the Oriental College. In his hands the Khalsa Akhbar became an efficient and powerful vehicle for the spread of Singh Sabha ideology. The Khalsa Diwan Amritsar led by Baba Khem Singh Bedi and the ruler of Faridkot, Raja Bikram Singh, had Bhai Gurmukh Singh excommunicated, under the seal of Darbar Sahib, in March 1887. On 16 April 1887, Giani Ditt Singh issued a special supplement of the Khalsa Akhbar in which appeared a part of his Supan Natak (q.v.), or Dream Play, a thinly-veiled satire, ridiculing the Amritsar leaders and their supporters. One of the victims of the burlesque, Bava Udey Singh, filed a defamation suit against Giani Ditt Singh in a Lahore court. The latter was sentenced to pay a fine of Rs 5 but was on appeal acquitted by the sessions court on 30 April 1888. The case had dragged on for over a year, imposing severe financial hardship on the Khalsa Akhbar. It had already suffered a setback by the death in May 1887 of its chief patron, Kanwar Bikrama Singh of Kapurthala. In 1889, it had to be closed down, along with the Khalsa Press. Bhai Gurmukh Singh, however, secured, through Bhai Kahn Singh, help from the Maharaja of Nabha and the Khalsa Akhbar recommenced publication on 1 May 1893. Editorship was again entrusted to Ditt Singh. Ditt Singh also helped Bhagat Lachhman Singh to launch from Lahore on 5 January 1899 the Khalsa, a weekly in English. Giani Ditt Singh and his friend, Jawahir Singh, had not publicly severed their connection with the Arya Samaj even after their initiation into the Sikh faith. The final breach came on 25 November 1888 when, in a public meeting held on the eleventh anniversary of the Lahore Arya Samaj, Pandit Guru Dutt of Government College, Lahore, and Lala Murh Dhar spoke disparagingly about the Sikh Gurus. This hurt the feelings of Giani Ditt Singh and Bhai Jawahir Singh and they left the Arya Samaj for good. They joined hands with Bhai Gurmukh Singh and threw themselves whole-heartedly into the Singh Sabha work.
    Giani Ditt Singh wielded a powerful pen and was equally at home in prose as well as in verse. He wrote more than forty books and pamphlets on Sikh theology and history and on current polemics. Well-known among his works are: Guru Nanak Parbodh, Guru Arjan Charittar, Dambh Bidaran, Durga Parbodh, Panth Parbodh, Raj Parbodh, Mera até Sadhu Dayanand da Sambad, Naqh SiAh Parbodh and Panth Sudhar Binai Pattar. He also published accounts of the martyrdom of Bhai Tara Singh Wan, Bhai Subeg Singh, Bhai Mehtab Singh Mirankotia, Bhai Taru Singh and Bhai Bota Singh. Ditt Singh's marriage took place in Lahore in 1880 according to Sikh rites. His wife, Bishan Kaur, shared his religious zeal and the couple had a happy married life. They had two children, a son, Baldev Singh, born in 1886, and a daughter, Vidyavant Kaur, born in 1890. Ditt Singh was very fond of his daughter who was a very precocious child. Her death on 17 June 1901 was a great blow to Ditt Singh, who had already been under a strain owing to persistently heavy work since the death in 1898 of Bhai Gurmukh Singh. He still continued to work with patience and fortitude, but his health deteriorated rapidly and he fell seriously ill. A Muslim doctor, Rahim Khan, treated him but even his best efforts were of no avail. Giani Ditt Singh died at Lahore on 6 September 1901. The loss was mourned widely by the Sikhs. A 15-member memorial committee was formed with Bhai Sahib Arjan Singh Bagarian as chairman. Notable memorials honouring his name were Giani Ditt Singh Khalsa Boarding House in Lahore and Bhai Ditt Singh Library opened at Sikh Kanya Mahavidyala Firozpur by Bhai Takht Singh, one of his former students and a close friend.
     

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  3. Admin Singh

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    GIANI DITT SINGH (1853-1901)

    Giani Ditt Singh was a scholar, poet and journalist. He was an eminent Singh Sabha reformer and editor. He was born on 21 April 1853 at Kalaur, a village in Patiala district of the Punjab. His ancestral village was Jhalhan, near Chamkaur Sahib, but his father, Divan Singh, had migrated to his wife's village, Kalaur. Divan Singh, a Ravidasia by caste and a weaver by trade, was a religious minded person who had earned the title of Sant for his piety. Himself an admirer of the Gulabdasi sect, he sent Ditt Singh at the age of nine, to be educated under Sant Gurbakhsh Singh at Dera Gulabdasian in the village of Tior, near Kharar in Ropar district. Ditt Singh studied Gurmukhi, prosody, Vedanta and Nlti-Sastra at the Dera, and learnt Urdu from Daya Nand, a resident of Tior. At the age of 16-17, he shifted to the main Gulabdasi centre at chhathianvala, near Kasur, in Lahore district. Formally initiated into the sect of Sant Desa Singh, he became a Gulabdasi preacher. Not long afterwards, he came under the influence of Bhai Jawahir Singh, formerly a follower of Gulabdasi sect, who had joined the Arya Samaj. Ditt Singh also became an Arya Samajist. He was introduced to "Swami" Daya Nand, the founder of the Arya Samaj, during the latter's visit to Lahore in 1877. Soon, however, he and his friend, Jawahir Singh, were drawn into the Sikh fold through Bhai Gurmukh Singh, then an active figure in the Singh Sabha movement. In 1886, Bhai Gurmukh Singh, following the establishment of the Lahore Khalsa Diwan parallel to the one at Amritsar, floated a weekly newspaper, the Khalsa Akhbar. Though its first editor was Giam Jhanda Singh Faridkoti, the principal contributor was Giani Ditt Singh, who soon took over editorship from him.
    He had passed the Gyani examination the same year and had been appointed a teacher at the Oriental College. In his hands the Khalsa Akhbar became an efficient and powerful vehicle for the spread of Singh Sabha ideology. The Khalsa Diwan Amritsar led by Baba Khem Singh Bedi and the ruler of Faridkot, Raja Bikram Singh, had Bhai Gurmukh Singh excommunicated, under the seal of the Golden Temple, in March 1887. On 16 April 1887, Giani Ditt Singh issued a special supplement of his Khalsa Akhbar in which appeared a part of his Svapan Natak (q.v.), or Dream Play, a thinly-veiled satire, ridiculing the Amritsar leaders and their supporters. One of the victims of the burlesque, Bava Ude Singh, filed a defamation suit against Giani Ditt Singh in a Lahore court. The latter was sentenced to pay a fine of Rs 5 but was on appeal acquitted by the sessions court on 30 April 1888. The case had dragged on for over a year, imposing severe financial hardship on the Khalsa AKhbar. It had already suffered a setback by the death in May 1887 of its chief patron, Kanvar Bikrama Singh of Kapurthala. In 1889, it had to be closed down, along with the Khalsa Press. Bhai Gurmukh Singh, however, secured, through Bhal Kahn Singh, help from the Maharaja of Nabha and the Khalsa Akhbar recommenced publication on 1 May 1893. Editorship was again entrusted to Ditt Singh. Ditt Singh also helped Bhagat Lakshman Singh to launch from Lahore on 5January 1899 the Khalsa, a weekly in English. Giani Ditt Singh and his friend,Jawahir Singh, had not severed their connection with the Arya Samaj even after their initiation into the Sikh faith. The final breach came on 25 November 1888 when, in a public meeting held on the eleventh anniversary of the Lahore Arya Samaj, Pandit Guru Dutt of Government College, Lahore, and Lala Murh Dhar spoke disparagingly about the Sikh Gurus. This hurt the feelings of Giani Ditt Singh and Jawahir Singh and they left the Arya Samaj for good. They joined hands with Bhai Gurmukh Singh and threw themselves whole-heartedly into the Singh Sabha work.
    Giani Ditt Singh wielded a powerful pen and was equally at home in prose as well as in verse. He wrote more than forty books and pamphlets on Sikh theology and history and on current polemics. Well-known among his works are: Guru Nanak Prabodh, Guru Arjan Chariltar, Dambh Bidaran, Durga Prabodh, Panth Prabodh, RajPrabodh, Mera ate Sadhu Dayanand da Sambad, Naqh SiAh Prabodh and Panth Sudhar Binai Pattar. He also published accounts of the martyrdoms of Tara Singh of Van, Subeg Singh, Matab Singh Mirankotia , Taru Singh and Bota Singh. Ditt Singh's marriage took place in Lahore in 1880 according to Sikh rites. His wife, Bishan Kaur, shared his religious zeal and the couple had a happy married life. They had two children, a son, Baldev Singh, born in 1886, and a daughter, Vidyavant Kaur, born in 1890. Ditt Singh was very fond of his daughter who was a highly precocious child. Her death on 17 June 1901 was a great blow to Ditt Singh, who had already been under a strain owing to persistently heavy work since the death in 1898 of Bhai Gurmukh Singh. He still continued to work with patience and fortitude, but his health deteriorated rapidly and he fell seriously ill. A Muslim doctor, Rahlm Khan, treated him but it was of no avail. Giani Ditt Singh died at Lahore on 6 September 1901. The loss was mourned widely by the Sikhs. A 15-member memorial committee was formed with Bhai Sahib Arjan Singh Bagarlan as chairman. Notable memorials honouring his name were Giani Ditt Singh Khalsa Boarding House in Lahore and Bhal Ditt Singh Library opened at Sikh Kanya Mahavidyala Firozpur by Bhal Takht Singh, one of his former students and a close friend.
    BIBLIOGRAPHY
    • The encyclopedia of Sikhism, Editor- Sardar Harbans Singh.
    • Amar Singh, Giani, Singh Sabha Lahir de Ughe Sanchalak Giani Ditt Singh Ji. Amritsar, 1902
    • Daljit Singh, Singh Sabha de Modhi Giani Ditt Sirigh Ji. Arnritsar, 1951
    • Jagjit Singh, Singh Sabha Lahir. Ludhiana, 1974
    • Harbans Singh, The Heritage of the Sikhs. Delhi,1983
    • Jolly, Surjit Kaur, Sikh Revivalist Movements. Delhi,1988
    • Chandar, Gurmukh Singh, My Attempted Excommunication from the Sikh Temples and the Khalsa Community at Fandkot in 1887. Lahore, 1898 Cds. S.
    Biography of Giani Ditt Singh at www.sikh-history.com
     
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    #2 Admin Singh, Dec 4, 2009
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  4. dalbirk

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    I have read Mera Te Sadhu Dayanand Da Samwad , Gugga Gapora Sultan Puwara ( regarding Peer/ Grave worship ) both of these are truly matchless in style of writing & content .The spirit of Giani Ditt Singh Ji's unparralleled contribution to Singh Sabha Movement is needed to be revived in present times when ordinary Sikhs are under the influence of Sants , Babas , Deras , getting exploited by them . 95% of rural Sikh youth has gone apostate , 80% are under the influence of Alcohal , 60% under drugs . 25% of RURAL girls have got hooked to drugs . Consumerism is rampant everybody is after money by hook or crook . Let each of us contribute in his/her way to get Sikhs out of this present mess .
     
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