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Attachment - bondage - ਮੋਹ

Discussion in 'Spiritual Articles' started by vsgrewal48895, Mar 19, 2009.

  1. vsgrewal48895

    vsgrewal48895
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    ATTACHMENT/BONDAGE/ਮੋਹ

    ABSTRACT

    The word bondage in Sikh literature refers to the state or condition of being bound to a system or instinct. It can be also an emotional attachment to a thing or person, which could be erotic in nature. This all happens in the mind, which has to be freed from it for spiritual liberation. Mind can be both the source of bondage and the source of freedom. The world is in bondage through three modes of Maya as expressed by Guru Nanak in Siri Raag;

    ਤ੍ਰਿਹੁ ਗੁਣ ਬੰਧੀ ਦੇਹੁਰੀ ਜੋ ਆਇਆ ਜਗਿ ਸੋ ਖੇਲੁ ॥ਵਿਜੋਗੀ ਦੁਖਿ ਵਿਛੁੜੇ ਮਨਮੁਖਿ ਲਹਹਿ ਨ ਮੇਲੁ ॥

    Tarihu Gun BanDhee Dayhuree Jo Aa-i-aa Jag So Khayl, Vijogee Dukh Vichhurhay Manmukh Laheh Na Mayl.

    The three qualities hold the body in bondage; whoever comes into the world is subject to their play. Those who separate themselves from the Akal Purkh wander lost in misery. The self-willed do not attain union with Akal Purkh. -----Guru Nanak, Siri Raag, AGGS, Page, 21-5
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    The whole world is in bondage through Ego (ਹਉਮੈ) and Maya as referred in the following hymns of Sabad Guru;

    ਹਉਮੈ ਬੰਧਨ ਬੰਧਿ ਭਵਾਵੈ ॥

    Ha-umai BanDhan BanDh Bhavaavai.

    Egotism binds people in bondage, and causes them to wander around lost.
    -----Guru Nanak, Raag Gauri, AGGS, Page, 227-1

    ਮਾਇਆ ਮੋਹਿ ਸਭੋ ਜਗੁ ਬਾਧਾ ॥

    Maa-i-aa Mohi Sabho Jag BaaDhaa.

    Attached to Maya, the whole world is in bondage.
    -----Guru Arjan, Raag Gauri, AGGS, Page, 394-17

    This all happens in the mind, which has to be freed from it for spiritual growth. As indicated earlier, mind can be either the source of bondage or the source of freedom. It depends on how the mind is used. The right use of the mind under God’s Will becomes meditation and love for the Akal Purkh. The wrong use of the mind controlled by self will leads to material attachment or bondage of relations, as expressed in the following hymns of Sabd Guru;

    Love between parents, siblings, and a relative is bondage; an obstruction to spiritual growth:

    ਮਾਤਾ ਪਿਤ ਭਾਈ ਸੁਤ ਚਤੁਰਾਈ ਸੰਗਿ ਨ ਸੰਪੈ ਨਾਰੇ ॥

    Māṯā piṯ bẖā¬ī suṯ cẖaṯurā¬ī sang na sampai nārė.

    Mother and father -- all are subject to this love; in this love, they are entangled.
    -----Guru Amardas, Raag Vadhans, AGGS, Page, 571-11

    ਮਨਮੁਖੁ ਮੋਹਿ ਵਿਆਪਿਆ ਬੈਰਾਗੁ ਉਦਾਸੀ ਨ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਸਤਗੁਰੁ ਸੇਵਿ ਮੋਹੁ ਪਰਜਲੈ ਘਰ ਹੀ ਮਾਹਿ ਉਦਾਸਾ ॥

    Manmukh Moh Viaapiaa Bairag Udasee Na Hoey, Satgur Sayv Moh Parjaalai Ghar He Maa-eh Oudaasaa.

    The self-willed person is engrossed in the love of the worldly pleasures and falsehood. He cannot practice love for Truth. The Gurmukh get rid of the worldly love or passions through the service of the Guru and then enjoy bliss of Akal Purkh’s love.
    -----Guru Amardas, Siri Raag, AGGS, Page, 29-10 & 12

    Guru Amardas comments on the bondage between body and soul in Raag Gauri;

    ਕਾਇਆ ਹੰਸ ਕਿਆ ਪ੍ਰੀਤਿ ਹੈ ਜਿ ਪਇਆ ਹੀ ਛਡਿ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਏਸ ਨੋ ਕੂੜੁ ਬੋਲਿ ਕਿ ਖਵਾਲੀਐ ਜਿ ਚਲਦਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ਨ ਜਾਇ ॥

    Kaaeia Hans Kia Preet Hai Peiaa Hee Chadd Jaaey, Ays No Koorh Bol Ke Khavaalee-ai Je Chaldi-aa Naal Na Jaa-ay.

    What love is this between the body and soul, which ends when the body falls? Why feed it by telling lies? When you leave, it does not go with you.
    -----Guru Amardas, Raag Gauri, AGGS, Page, 510-19

    In order to grow spiritually one has to break this bondage of Maya by liberation obtained through the Will and Grace of Akal Purkh. The state of liberation from human bondage is a spiritual state of being in tune with the Ultimate. It is obtained by subjugating the lower instincts and developing the virtues and perfections, while one is still alive although dead at the material sensory level. Guru Nanak in Siri Raag and Guru Arjan in Raag Gauri ponder this issue:

    ਬੰਦਿ ਖਲਾਸੀ ਭਾਣੈ ਹੋਇ ॥ਹੋਰੁ ਆਖਿ ਨ ਸਕੈ ਕੋਇ ॥

    Band Khalaasee Bhaanai Ho-ay, Hor Aakh Na Sakai Ko-ay.

    Liberation from bondage comes only by Akal Purkh’s Will. No one else has any say in this.
    -----Guru Nanak, Siri Raag, AGGS, Page, 5-13

    ਕਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਬੰਧਨ ਛੋਟ ॥

    Kar Kirpaa Parabh BanDhan Chhot.

    Granting Its Grace, God has released me from bondage.
    -----Guru Arjan, Raag Gauri, AGGS, Page, 194-11

    Once you are in the state of non-misery, and use the mind in a right way of meditation; bliss starts flowing from your inner being. -----Buddha

    Once a person has centered his mind on the right thought, achieved meditation, and gained poise, he is beyond our normal morality and tradition. He is beyond our limitations, does not judge, and ignores the bad and is just oriented towards the good. When the mind is functioning on the wrong thought, whatsoever one does, or chooses, or decides will be wrong. Mind has the faculty to imagine. Paintings, art, dance, music, meditation, they all spring from imagination. However, everything that is ugly has also come through imagination. One has to start the process of re-learning and straightening the thought process into thinking the right thoughts till it becomes a second nature. It is then that one is on the right path of spiritual progress and can utilize the tools provided in AGGS.

    Guru Nanak explains in Raag Gauri that it is all the play of the mind;

    ਮਨ ਤੇ ਉਪਜੈ ਮਨ ਮਾਹਿ ਸਮਾਇ॥ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮੁਕਤੋ ਬੰਧੁ ਨ ਪਾਇ ॥ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਿ ਛੁਟੈ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਇ ॥

    Man Tay Upjai Man Maahi Samaa-ay. Gurmukh Mukto BanDh Na Paa-ay, Sabd Beechaar Chhutai Har Naa-ay.

    From the mind we originate, and into the mind we are absorbed. As Gurmukh, we are liberated, and are unbound. Contemplating the Word of the Sabd, we are emancipated through the Name of the Akal Purkh.

    ਕਿਉ ਬਾਧਿਓ ਕਿਉ ਮੁਕਤੀ ਪਾਵੈ ॥ਕਿਉ ਅਬਿਨਾਸੀ ਸਹਜਿ ਸਮਾਵੈ ॥
    Ki-o BaaDhi-o Ki-o Muktee Paavai, Ki-o Abhinaasee Sahj Samaavai.

    How are we bound, and how do we obtain liberation? How do we merge with intuitive ease into the Eternal, Akal Purkh? -----Guru Nanak, Raag Gauri, AGGS, Page, 152 & 153

    Guru Nanak in Raag Tukhari and Guru Arjan in Raag Maru describes the way of getting rid of bondage;

    ਮਨਿ ਰਾਮੁ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਤਾ ਸਾਝ ਪ੍ਰਭਾਤਾ ਅਵਘਟਿ ਰੁਧਾ ਕਿਆ ਕਰੇ ॥ਬੰਧਨਿ ਬਾਧਿਆ ਇਨ ਬਿਧਿ ਛੂਟੈ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸੇਵੈ ਨਰਹਰੇ ॥

    Man Raam Nahee Jaataa Saajh Parbhataa Avghat RuDhaa Ki-aa Karay, BanDhan BaaDhi-aa In BiDh Chhootai Gurmukh Sayvai Narharay.

    The mortal does not know the Akal Purkh in the evening, or in the morning; trapped in the treacherous path, what will he do? Bound in bondage, he is released only by this method: as Gurmukh, serve the Akal Purkh. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Tukhari, AGGS, Page, 1112-18

    ਸਿਫਤਿ ਮੁਹਬਤਿ ਅਥਾਹ ਰਹੀਮਾ ॥ਹਕੁ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਸਚੁ ਖੁਦਾਇਆ ਬੁਝਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਬੰਦਿ ਖਲਾਸ ਤਰਾ ॥
    Sifat Muhabat Athaah Raheemaa, Hak Hukam Sach Khudaa-i-aa Bujh Nanak Band Khalaas Taraa.

    The Qualitities and the Love of the Merciful Akal Purkh are unfathomable. Realize the True Hukam, the Command of the Creator, O Nanak; you shall be released from bondage, and carried across. -----Guru Arjan, Raag Maru, AGGS, Page, 1084-13

    Ninth Guru advises in Raag Sorath and Sarang;

    ਪ੍ਰੀਤਮ ਜਾਨਿ ਲੇਹੁ ਮਨ ਮਾਹੀ ॥ਅਪਨੇ ਸੁਖ ਸਿਉ ਹੀ ਜਗੁ ਫਾਂਧਿਓ ਕੋ ਕਾਹੂ ਕੋ ਨਾਹੀ ॥ਸੁਖ ਮੈ ਆਨਿ ਬਹੁਤੁ ਮਿਲਿ ਬੈਠਤ ਰਹਤ ਚਹੂ ਦਿਸਿ ਘੇਰੈ ॥ਬਿਪਤਿ ਪਰੀ ਸਭ ਹੀ ਸੰਗੁ ਛਾਡਿਤ ਕੋਊ ਨ ਆਵਤ ਨੇਰੈ ॥ ਘਰ ਕੀ ਨਾਰਿ ਬਹੁਤੁ ਹਿਤੁ ਜਾ ਸਿਉ ਸਦਾ ਰਹਤ ਸੰਗ ਲਾਗੀ ॥ਜਬ ਹੀ ਹੰਸ ਤਜੀ ਇਹ ਕਾਂਇਆ ਪ੍ਰੇਤ ਪ੍ਰੇਤ ਕਰਿ ਭਾਗੀ ॥ਇਹ ਬਿਧਿ ਕੋ ਬਿਉਹਾਰੁ ਬਨਿਓ ਹੈ ਜਾ ਸਿਉ ਨੇਹੁ ਲਗਾਇਓ ॥ਅੰਤ ਬਾਰ ਨਾਨਕ ਬਿਨੁ ਹਰਿ ਜੀ ਕੋਊ ਕਾਮਿ ਨ ਆਇਓ ॥
    Pritam Jaan Leh Man Maahi, Aapnay Sukh Seo He Jug Fandhio Ko Kahu Ko Naahi, Sukh Mea Aan Bahut Mil Bethatt Rahat Chahoo Dis Gherai, Bipat Paree Sabh He Sung Chaadat Koou Na Aavat Nerai, Ghar Ki Naar Bahut Hit Ja Seo Sada Rahat Sung Laagee, Jub He Hans Tajee Eh Kaaneyaa Preat Preat Kar Bhaagee, Eh Bidh Ko Beohaar Baneo Hai Ja Seo Nehu Lagaaeou,Unt Baar Nanak Bin Har Ji Koou Kaam Na Aaeou.

    O, dear friend, know this in your mind. The world is entangled in its own pleasures; no one is for anyone else. In good times, many come and sit together, surrounding you on all four sides. But when hard times come, they all leave, and no one comes near you. Your wife, whom you love so much, may have remained ever attached to you. But she runs away crying, "Ghost! Ghost!", as soon as the swan-soul leaves your body. This is the way of the world. Among those whom we love so much, at the final moment, O Nanak, no one is any use at all, except the Dear Akal Purkh. -----Guru Tegh Bahadur, Raag Sorath, Page, 634

    ਹਰਿ ਬਿਨੁ ਤੇਰੋ ਕੋ ਨ ਸਹਾਈ ॥ਕਾਂ ਕੀ ਮਾਤ ਪਿਤਾ ਸੁਤ ਬਨਿਤਾ ਕੋ ਕਾਹੂ ਕੋ ਭਾਈ ॥ ਧਨੁ ਧਰਨੀ ਅਰੁ ਸੰਪਤਿ ਸਗਰੀ ਜੋ ਮਾਨਿਓ ਅਪਨਾਈ ॥ਤਨ ਛੂਟੈ ਕਛੁ ਸੰਗਿ ਨ ਚਾਲੈ ਕਹਾ ਤਾਹਿ ਲਪਟਾਈ ॥

    Har Bin Tayro Ko Na Sahaa-ee, KaaN Kee Maat Pitaa Sut Banitaa Ko Kaahoo Ko Bhaa-ee. Dhan Dharnee Ar Sampat Sagree Jo Maani-o Apnaa-ee, Tan Chhootai Kachh Sang Na Chaalai Kahaa Taahi Laptaa-ee.

    No one can offer help and support, except the Akal Purkh. Who has any mother, father, child or spouse? Who is anyone's brother or sister? All the wealth, land and property which you consider your own, when you leave your body, none of it shall go along with you. Why do you cling to them? -----Guru Tegh Bahadur, Raag Sarang, AGGS, Page, 1231-8

    ਨਿਜ ਕਰਿ ਦੇਖਿਓ ਜਗਤੁ ਮੈ ਕੋ ਕਾਹੂ ਕੋ ਨਾਹਿ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਥਿਰੁ ਹਰਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਹੈ ਤਿਹ ਰਾਖੋ ਮਨ ਮਾਹਿ ॥.

    Nij Kar Daykhi-o Jagat Mai Ko Kaahoo Ko Naahi, Nanak Thir Har Bhagat Hai Tih Raakho Man Maahi.

    I had looked upon the world as my own, but no one belongs to anyone else. O, Nanak, only devotional worship of the Akal Purkh is permanent. Enshrine this in your mind.
    -----Sloke Guru Tegh Bahadur 48, AGGS, Page, 1429-1

    What keeps us constantly struggling with life is the attitude of non-acceptance, of not trusting the basic process of life unfolding. We suffer under the false assumption that the goal of life is to always avoid what we find unpleasant and to try to dwell in constant comfort.

    Guru Nanak and Kabir advises that the bondage is temporary and false during the present life;

    ਮਾਤਾ ਪਿਤ ਭਾਈ ਸੁਤ ਚਤੁਰਾਈ ਸੰਗਿ ਨ ਸੰਪੈ ਨਾਰੇ ॥ ਸਾਇਰ ਕੀ ਪੁਤ੍ਰੀ ਪਰਹਰਿ ਤਿਆਗੀ ਚਰਣ ਤਲੈ ਵੀਚਾਰੇ ॥

    Maataa Pit Bhaa-ee Sut Chaturaa-ee Sang Na Sampai Naaray, Saa-ir Kee Putree Parhar Ti-aagee Charan Talai Veechaaray.

    Mother, father, family, children, cleverness, property and spouses - none of these shall go with you. I have renounced Maya, the daughter of the ocean; reflecting upon reality, I have trampled it under my feet. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Asa, AGGS, Page, 437-11

    ਕਬੀਰ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਹਉ ਫਿਰਿਓ ਮਾਂਦਲੁ ਕੰਧ ਚਢਾਇ ॥ ਕੋਈ ਕਾਹੂ ਕੋ ਨਹੀ ਸਭ ਦੇਖੀ ਠੋਕਿ ਬਜਾਇ ॥

    Kabir Sabh JKag Ha-o Firi-o MaaNdal KanDh Chadhaa-ay, Ko-ee Kaahoo Ko Nahee Sabh Daykhee Thok Bajaa-ay.

    Kabir, I have wandered all over the world, carrying the drum on my shoulder. No one belongs to anyone else; I have looked and carefully studied it
    -----Kabir Sloke 113, AGGS, Page, 1370-9 & 10

    This state is fully explained by Guru Tegh Bahadur in Raag Sorath, and Raag Gauri and by Kabir in Raag Kedara.

    Conclusion;

    In Sikh thought the ideal state is “being dead while alive” (ਜੀਵਨ ਮੁਕਤ), which is achieved by living an ethical and spiritual course of life. By subjugating the lower instincts one is born with and development of virtues and perfections, to be blessed by Akal Purkh’s Grace.
    Guru Nanak describes these entanglements in Sri Raag and Raag Asa;

    ਕੇਤੇ ਬੰਧਨ ਜੀਅ ਕੇ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮੋਖ ਦੁਆਰ ॥ਸਚਹੁ ਓਰੈ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਉਪਰਿ ਸਚੁ ਆਚਾਰੁ ॥

    Kaytay BanDhan Jee-a Kay Gurmukh Mokh Du-aar, Suchoh Oorai Sabh Ko Ooper Such Aachaar.

    There are so many entanglements for the soul. Only as Gurmukhs do we find the Gate of Liberation. Truth is above all, and above Truth is Truthful conduct.
    -----Guru Nanak, Raag Sri, AGGS, Page 62-11

    ਬੰਧਨ ਮਾਤ ਪਿਤਾ ਸੰਸਾਰਿ ॥ ਬੰਧਨ ਸੁਤ ਕੰਨਿਆ ਅਰੁ ਨਾਰਿ ॥ ਬੰਧਨ ਕਰਮ ਧਰਮ ਹਉ ਕੀਆ ॥ ਬੰਧਨ ਪੁਤੁ ਕਲਤੁ ਮਨਿ ਬੀਆ ॥ ਬੰਧਨ ਕਿਰਖੀ ਕਰਹਿ ਕਿਰਸਾਨ ॥ ਹਉਮੈ ਡੰਨੁ ਸਹੈ ਰਾਜਾ ਮੰਗੈ ਦਾਨ ॥ ਬੰਧਨ ਸਉਦਾ ਅਣਵੀਚਾਰੀ ॥ ਤਿਪਤਿ ਨਾਹੀ ਮਾਇਆ ਮੋਹ ਪਸਾਰੀ ॥ ਬੰਧਨ ਸਾਹ ਸੰਚਹਿ ਧਨੁ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਬਿਨੁ ਹਰਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਨ ਪਵਈ ਥਾਇ ॥ ਬੰਧਨ ਬੇਦੁ ਬਾਦੁ ਅਹੰਕਾਰ ॥ ਬੰਧਨਿ ਬਿਨਸੈ ਮੋਹ ਵਿਕਾਰ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮ ਸਰਣਾਈ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਰਾਖੇ ਬੰਧੁ ਨ ਪਾਈ ॥

    Banḏẖan māṯ piṯā sansār. Banḏẖan suṯ kanniā ar nār. Banḏẖan karam ḏẖaram ha­o kī­ā. Banḏẖan puṯ kalaṯ man bī­ā. Banḏẖan kirkẖī karahi kirsān. Ha­umai dann sahai rājā mangai ḏān. Banḏẖan sa­uḏā aṇvīcẖārī. Ŧipaṯ nāhī mā­i­ā moh pasārī. Banḏẖan sāh saʼncẖeh ḏẖan jā­ė. Bin har bẖagaṯ na pav­ī thā­ė. Banḏẖan bėḏ bāḏ ahaʼnkār. Banḏẖan binsai moh vikār. Nānak rām nām sarṇā­ī. Saṯgur rākẖė banḏẖ na pā­ī.

    People are entangled with the mother, the father and the world. They are entangled with sons, daughters and spouses. They are entangled with religious rituals, and religious faith, while acting with ego. They are entangled with the sons, the wives and the others in their minds. The farmers are entangled by farming. People suffer punishment in ego, and the God King exacts a penalty from them. They are entangled in trade without contemplation. They are not satisfied by attachment to the expanse of Maya. They are entangled with the wealth amassed by the bankers. Without devotion to the Akal Purkh, they do not become acceptable. They are entangled with the Vedas, religious discussions and egotism. They are entangled, and perish in attachment and corruption. Nanak seeks the Sanctuary of the Akal Purkh's Name. One who is saved by the True Guru, does not suffer entanglement. -----Guru Nanak, Raag Asa, AGGS, Page, 416

    Virinder S. Grewal
    Williamston, MI
     
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