SHORT GLIMPSE AT THE SHAHEEDI (MARTYRDOM) OF GURU ARJAN DEV JEE
Threat of Sikhi
During Sri Guru Arjan Dev Jee’s time the Sikh Community FLOURISHED and Amritsar was becoming a strong centre for the Sikh People. More and more people of all castes were embracing the Path of the Guru and becoming Sikhs, which included Hindus and Muslims.
The Muslim priests did not like this and saw Guru Arjan Dev Jee as a THREAT to the propagation of Islam. As a consequence of this they made plans against Guru Sahib.
Jahangeer Becoming Emperor & Growing Enemies of Guru Sahib
After the death of Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1605, his son JAHANGEER sat on the throne. Unlike his liberal, tolerant and open-minded father, Jahangeer’s policies and views were to FANATICAL and RADICAL in pursuit of spreading Islam. The enemies of Guru Sahib took advantage of this highly charged atmosphere.
To begin with, it was his elder brother, PRITHI CHAND who devoted his whole life to harm the Guru in every possible way. Secondly CHANDU, a Brahman advisor and officer of Jahangeer, held animosity over his daughter's non-alliance with the Guru Sahib's son, is considered the main fuel. These men with jealousies in their hearts, concocted the real story of Guru Sahib sheltering the rebellious KHUSRO, Jahangeer's son, who had fled a battle with his father and was a fugitive, to rouse the rage of Emperor Jahangeer which added fuel to the blazing fire. Along with these circumstances Guru Sahib's increasing influence on large numbers of Hindus and Muslims to adopt Gurmat, created a stir in the minds of the BRAHMAN PANDITTS (Hindu priests) and the QAZIS (Muslim priests). The compilation of SRI AAD GRANTH SAHIB JEE (the early version of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee) was considered a serious blow to the monopolies and social oppression maintained by so-called men of religion. Through all these circumstances Guru Arjan Sahib Jee fell a victim to the BIGOTRY and INHUMANITY of Jahangeer.
Arrest of Guru Sahib
In "Tuzuk-i-Jahagiri" ("Memoirs of Jahangeer"), Jahangeer wrote:
"In Gobindwal, which is on the river Biyah (Beas), there was a Hindu named Arjun, in the garments of sainthood and sanctity, so much so that he had captured many of the simple-hearted of the Hindus, and even of the ignorant and foolish followers of Islam, by his ways and manners, and they had loudly sounded the drum of his holiness. They called him Guru, and from all sides stupid people crowded to worship and manifest complete faith in him. For three or four generations (of spiritual successors) they had kept this shop warm. Many times it occurred to me to put a stop to this vain affair or to bring him into the assembly of the people of Islam.
Reference:: Sikh Philosophy Network http://www.sikhphilosophy.net/sikh-news/8945-short-glimpse-shaheedi-martyrdom-guru-arjan.html
At last when Khusro passed along this road this insignificant fellow proposed to wait upon him. Khusro happened to halt at the place where he was, and he came out and did homage to him. He behaved to Khusro in certain special ways, and made on his forehead a finger-mark in saffron, which the Indians (Hindus) call qashqa (Tilak) and is considered propitious. When this came to my ears and I clearly understood his folly, I ordered them to produce him and handed over his houses, dwelling-places, and children to Murtaza Khan, and having confiscated his property commanded that he should be put to death."
Reference:: Sikh Philosophy Network http://www.sikhphilosophy.net/showthread.php?t=8945 Tortures
Chandu, the officer of Jahangeer, was in charge of torturing Guru Sahib. Guru Sahib told them, "I bear NO ENEMIES or ill-will against any one. All happens as God Almighty wills it to happen. I am prepared to ACCEPT HIS WILL. You may do what you like". Day 1 of Torture:
Chandu began to torture the Guru. On the first day, Guru Jee was not given anything to EAT or DRINK. He was not allowed to sleep at night. He was KEPT AWAKE. Guru Sahib bore all this calmly. He remained immersed in Simran and repeated from his lips, "WaaheGuroo, WaaheGuroo, WaaheGuroo..."
and sang Shabads from Gurbaani.
Day 2 of Torture:
On the following day, Chandu made the Guru sit in a BIG COPPER VESSEL. He filled the vessel with water. He ordered his men to light a fire under the copper vessel. The water began to get hot. After a time, the water began to boil. It SCALDED the Guru Sahib's body. But Guru Jee sat calmly and quietly. He felt no pain, nor did he cry out or even sigh. He felt no anger against those who were torturing him. He remained absorbed in the sweet remembrance of Waheguru and repeated, "All is happening, O Waheguru, according to Thy Will. Thy Will is ever sweet to me."
The boiling water made the Guru's flesh soft and left blisters all over the body.
Day 3 of Torture:
On the third day, Chandu ordered his men, "Make some sand red hot in iron pans. Seat the Guru in BOILING WATER. Then pour the RED HOT SAND on his head and body".
The water boiled Guru Sahib's flesh from below. The burning red-hot sand burned Guru Jee's head and body from above. The persons engaged in torturing him were wet with sweat. They felt most uncomfortable because of the heat. It was the hottest summer month. But Guru Sahib kept calm and quiet. Again, Guru Jee felt no pain, nor did he cry out, sigh or feel anger. He kept thinking of Waheguru and doing Simran. Guru Jee repeated:
ਤੇਰਾ ਕੀਆ ਮੀਠਾ ਲਾਗੈ ॥
teraa kee-aa meethaa laagai.
O Waheguru! Your actions seem so sweet to me.
ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਪਦਾਰਥੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਾਂਗੈ ॥੨॥੪੨॥੯੩॥
har naam padaarath naanak maaNgai. ||2||42||93||
Nanak begs for the treasure of the Naam, the Name of the Lord. ||2||42||93||
Baba Mian Meer Jee (a Muslim Sufi Saint and friend of Guru Sahib) tried to intercede on behalf of Guru Sahib but Guru Jee forbid him to interfere in the "Will of the Almighty". Guru Sahib said, "All is happening in accordance with WAHEGURU's WILL. Men who stand for Truth have often to SUFFER. Their sufferings give STRENGTH to the cause of Truth. Go, brother. Pray for me. Pray for the success of my cause. Pray for VICTORY to TRUTH."
Day 4 of Torture:
On the fourth day, Guru Jee was made to sit on an IRON PLATE. It was heated from below. The iron plate became RED HOT with the heat. Guru Jee's flesh began to be ROASTED. Burning RED-HOT SAND was poured on his body. Guru Sahib sat calm and quite, without a cry or sigh, feeling no physical pain. He sat with his mind fixed on Waheguru and physical living the the message of Gurbaani and accepting the Will of Waheguru sweetly. Day 5 of Torture:
On the fifth day, Guru Sahib was to be SOWN into the SKIN OF A COW. Guru Jee asked to be taken to the RIVER RAVI for doing ishnaan (bathing). Guru Sahib immersed himself fully in the river and never came back out, attaining shaheedi (martyrdom). Summary
Sri Guru Arjan Dev Jee sowed the seed of martyrdom which flourished after him and became the heritage of the Sikh People. Guru Sahib physicallly manifested and lived the Divine message of Gurbaani of CONQUERING DEATH and suffering, remaining FEARLESS in defending the Truth, and showing the extremes one can take in REMAINING STEADFAST in the love of Waheguru and Guru Nanak Jee's Sikhi. Guru Arjan Dev Jee said lived and showed that he can accept Shaheedi (martyrdom) but he cannot accept INSULT. The way a leader or prophet lives becomes the CHARACTER OF THE FOLLOWERS. Guru Sahib showed that a Sikh should live in DIGNITY and die with HONOUR, and that a Sikh should never tolerate insult or oppression. Dhan Satguru Sri Guru Arjan Dev Jee.
Shaheedaa Nu Lakh Lakh Parnaam.
Dharmik Geet: Saara Hee Lahore Kambiaa
(Manmohan Waris/ Ghar Hunt Kitni Ku Door)
Shabad: Teraa Kee-aa Meethaa Laagai
(Gurbinder Kaur/ Southall Monthly Keertan Taken from http://manvirsingh.blogspot.com